Test: Important Question (Modern India) - 2


30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: Important Question (Modern India) - 2


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QUESTION: 1

Where among the following the first Jaina Council is held?    

Solution:

First Jain Council was held at Patliputra under the chairmanship of Sthulabhadra in 300 B.C. It resulted in the compilation of 12 Angas replacing the lost 14 Purvas.

QUESTION: 2

The office of the Guru of Sikhs became hereditary from the period of Guru    

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QUESTION: 3

Under the Command of Clive and Watson a strong British force reached Bengal from Madras and Nawab Sirajudaula agreed for peace. Where, among the following places, that peace treaty was signed?

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QUESTION: 4

What percentage of the rental derived by the zamindar from the peasantry was allowed to remit to the company under the permanent settlement?    

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QUESTION: 5

Which among the following social and religious reform organisation of the Hindus in the 19th century, has been described as Militant Hinduism?    

Solution:

B is the correct option.The Arya Samaj is a kind of militant Hinduism. ... In the early sixties the Brahmo Samaj was a nonHindu body, and under its influence Hindu scholars, thinkers, and students were becoming cosmopolitans. Some became Christians, others took to atheism and became completely westernised.

QUESTION: 6

Timur invaded India in the year    

Solution:

The correct option is B.
In 1398 the Mongol-Turkish warrior Timur, ruler of Central Asia from his capital at Samarkand, found a pretext to strike south into India. His victory over the sultan of Delhi confirmed the irresistible fighting qualities of his army and the awesome destructiveness that made him a legend of cruelty.

QUESTION: 7

Which among the following factors was not responsible for the decline of Buddhism?    

Solution:

The correct option is D.
Persecution of Buddhists started as early as in the life or soon after the death of King Ashoka according to some like D.N. Jha. Jha writes that according to Kashmiri texts dated to the 12th century, Ashoka's Son Jalauka was a Shaivite and was responsible for the destruction of many Buddhist monasteries.

QUESTION: 8

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan fixed two goals in his life. Which among the following was not one of them? 

Solution:

Sir Syed Ahmad Khan was born at Delhi in 1817. He joined the government services at the age of 20. He provided useful services to the British during the period of the revolt of 1857 and gained their favour which he fruitfully utilised for the service of the Muslim community. But that time, the Muslims had kept themselves aloof from English education and western culture. Their relations with the British were also not harmonious. Rather, the relations between the two became bitter due to the Revolt because the British felt that the Muslims were the active participants in it. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan felt that these were the very factors responsible for their backwardness. He, therefore , fixed two goals which he pursued throughout his life. They were:
1. To attempt for better relations between the Muslims and the English
2. To provide modern education to the Mulsims

QUESTION: 9

The Tirthankaras are associated with    

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QUESTION: 10

The Manasabdari system introduced by Akbar was concerned with:    

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QUESTION: 11

Which of the following is not included in the eightfold path preached by Buddha?    

Solution:

The Noble Eightfold Path is an early summary of the path of Buddhist practices leading to liberation from samsara, the painful cycle of rebirth.

The Eightfold Path consists of eight practices: right view, right resolve, right speech, right conduct, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right Samadhi. 

QUESTION: 12

Who selected the site for the city of Agra?    

Solution:

Agra, one of the main historical cities of India, was one of the important cities under Mughal period. The beautiful city Agra came into public interest when Sikandar Lodhi decided to transfer the capital city from Delhi to Agra. It was capital city for some of the great Mughal emperors like Akbar, Jehangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb. For the period of the Mughal period, Agra acquired number of dazzling monuments like Agra Fort, Buland Darwaza, Fatehpur Sikri and Chini ka Rauza.

QUESTION: 13

Chauth was a tax which Shivaji collected from the citizens of neighbouring kingdoms and it was

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QUESTION: 14

What was the new principle added to the teachings of Parsavnath by Mahavira?    

Solution:

C is the correct option.According to the Śvētāmbaras, Mahavira expanded Parshvanatha's first four restraints with his ideas on ahimsa (non-violence) and added the fifth monastic vow (celibacy). 

QUESTION: 15

After the battle of Plassey the English Proclaimed Mir Jafar the Nawab of Bengal and set out to gather the reward. Which of the following statements is not applicable to it?    

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QUESTION: 16

Who got the Gita translated into Persian?

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QUESTION: 17

Under Akbar's reign the translation of the Mahabharata into Persian was carried out under the supervision of 

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QUESTION: 18

Fatehpur Sikri was built by 

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QUESTION: 19

Which among the following magazine and newspapers was NOT started by Raja Ram Mohan Roy?

Solution:

The correct option is C.
He started two newspapers- one in Bangali, called the Sambad Kaumudi and another in persian, called the Mirat-ul-Akbar.
 

QUESTION: 20

The famous battle of Haldi Ghati was fought between Rana Pratap and the Mughal Imperial army in 

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QUESTION: 21

Who among the following was the founder of the Adi Brahmo Samaj?    

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QUESTION: 22

Akbar's revenue system was devised by    

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QUESTION: 23

Sardeshmukhi was a tax which Shivaji collected from the citizens of neighbouring kingdoms and it was

Solution:

Sardeshmukhi was an additional levy of 10% i.e 1/10 of revenue which Shivaji claimed on being the Sardeshmukh (overlord). Shivaji was highly successful in mobilizing the resources using these two taxes. The revenue was assessed as per the Mughal revenue or the Deccan kingdoms revenue.

QUESTION: 24

Gandhara sculpture was a blend of    

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QUESTION: 25

Which among the following was not a seat of learning during the Rajput age?    

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QUESTION: 26

The only state of South India which did not accept the soverignity of Alauddin was    

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QUESTION: 27

What was the geographical knowledge of the early Aryans?    

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QUESTION: 28

The famous statute of the Kushana King, Kanishka, found at Mathura is a good specimen of    

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QUESTION: 29

Who of the following regarded as creator of greater Maharashtra and next only to Shivaji in Military genius?    

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QUESTION: 30

Which among the following schools was not started by Raja Ram Mohan Roy?    

Solution: