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Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Class 10 MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Test: Nationalism in India - 1

Test: Nationalism in India - 1 for Class 10 2024 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 10 preparation. The Test: Nationalism in India - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Test: Nationalism in India - 1 MCQs are made for Class 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 below.
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Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 1

What power did the Rowlatt Act, 1919 gave to government?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 1
  • The act gave enormous power to the government that it can repress political activities and political leaders can be arrested and kept in prison without trials for two years.
  • This means that the person who is kept in prison will not go to court and there will not be any type of action to free him for two years.
Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 2

Assertion: Mahatma Gandhi used a novel method of mass agitation known as Satyagraha.
Reason: He believed in dharma of non-violence.

Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 2

The assertion is true because Mahatma Gandhi did indeed use Satyagraha as a novel method of mass agitation. Satyagraha involved nonviolent resistance and civil disobedience to bring about social and political change.

The reason provided is also true, as Gandhi did believe in the principle of non-violence (Ahimsa) and made it a central tenet of his philosophy. However, the reason alone does not provide a direct or specific explanation for why he used Satyagraha. While his belief in non-violence influenced his choice of method.

Therefore, the correct answer is 2. Both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A.

Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 3

Why did Gandhiji organise Satyagraha in 1918 in Kheda district of Gujarat?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 3

In 1917 Gandhiji led the movement in Kheda district of Gujarat, demanding relaxation of the revenue tax owing to the poverty experienced by the farmers because of the outbreak of plague and crop failure.

Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 4

What did the term ‘picket’ refer to?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 4

In the non cooperation movement, liquor shops were blocked so that nobody could purchase it.

►Here Picket is a word used for protesting by blocking shops.

Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 5

Assertion: Gandhiji decided to launch a nationwide satyagraha against the Rowlatt Act.
Reason: British government had monopoly over the production of salt.

Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 5

Gandhiji decided to launch a nationwide Satyagraha against the proposed Rowlatt Act, 1919, because:

  • It gave enormous power to the government and no power to the leaders.
  • This law was hurriedly passed even after the united opposition by the Indians and other Indian leaders.
  • It allowed the detention of political leaders without any trial for three years.
  • It means that the British Government can arrest any Indian leader without any proof of crime.

Hence Reason has nothing to do with the Assertion part.

Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 6

Why was Satyagraha organised in Champaran in 1916?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 6
  • For export to other nations, the East India Company employed workers to extensively grow commercial crop, and bought it from them at very low prices.
  • This was resented by the plantation workers. Added to this was the inhuman living conditions they were subjected to.
  • So, MK Gandhi went to Champaran, Bihar in 1916 to organise a Satyagraha among the plantation workers.
Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 7

What was the effect of the Non-cooperation movement on the plantation workers in Assam?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 7

For plantation worker, in assam, freedom means to move freely. When workers heard of the non-cooperation movement, thousands of workers defied the authorities, left the plantation, and started moving towards their homes.

Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 8

Assertion: During the Non-Cooperation movement people began discarding imported clothes and started wearing khadi.
Reason: Khadi was often more expensive.

Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 8

Here both statements are true.
But reason is not appropriate because the reason should be related to why we started wearing khadi so the correct reason should be that khaadi is cloth material which was made in india only, we were not wearing the British cloth material so as not to cooperate with them.

Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 9

Why was the Simon Commission sent to India?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 9
  • Simon Commission was a group appointed in November 1927 by the British government under Stanley Baldwin to report on the working of the Indian constitution established by the Government of India Act of 1919 and suggest reforms.
  • The commission was boycotted by the Indian National Congress and most other Indian political parties as there was no Indian member in the Commission.
Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 10

What was the main problem with the Simon Commission?

Detailed Solution for Test: Nationalism in India - 1 - Question 10

The Simon Commission was opposed primarily because it did not have any Indian representation in the assemblage. The government of Britain had appointed this Commission in 1927. The goal of the Simon Commission was to give an account of how the Indian constitution was working.

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