Test: Nazism And The Rise Of Hitler - 4


30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: Nazism And The Rise Of Hitler - 4


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QUESTION: 1

What was the response of the Germans to the new Weimar Republic ?

Solution:

Germany emerged from World War I with huge debts incurred to finance a costly war for almost five years. The treasury was empty, the currency was losing value, and Germany needed to pay its war debts and the huge reparations bill imposed on it by the Treaty of Versailles, which officially ended the war.

QUESTION: 2

In what ways did the First World War leave a deep imprint on European society and polity ?

Solution:

The First World War left a deep imprint on European society and polity.
Soldiers came to be placed above civilians.Politicians and publicists laid great success on the need for men to be aggressive, strong and masculine.The media glorified trench life but actually soldiers lived miserable lives in these trenches, trapped with rats feeding on corpses.They faced poisonous gas and enemy shelling, and witnessed their ranks reduce rapidly.Aggressive war propaganda and national honour occupied centre stage in the public sphere, while popular support grew for conservative dictatorships that had recently come into being.

QUESTION: 3

Which of the following statements is false about soldiers in the World War I ?

Solution:

Not all wanted to fight many were forced to participate,

QUESTION: 4

The following statements are about Hitler’s early life. Which of them is incorrect ?

Solution:

The German defeat horrified him. The Treaty of Versailles made him furious. He joined the German Workers Party and renamed it National Socialist German Workers’ Party. This later came to be known as the Nazi Party.

QUESTION: 5

The Treaty of Versailles (1920) signed at the end of World War I, was harsh and humiliating for Germany, because

Solution:

It was harsh and humiliating because Germany lost its overseas colonies, a tenth of its population, 13% of its territories, 75% of its iron and 26% of its coal to France, Poland, Denmark, and Lithuania.
The Allied powers demilitarised Germany to weaken its powers.
The War Guilt Clause held Germany responsible for the war damages that the Allied countries had to suffer.
 Germany was forced to pay a compensation of 6 billion. 
The Allied armies also occupied the resource-rich Rhineland for much of the 1920s. 
Many Germans held the Weimar Republic responsible for not only the defeat in the war but the disgrace at Versailles.
 

QUESTION: 6

Which of the following was a special surveillance and security force created by Hitler ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

What was Hitler’s historic blunder and why ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

Hitler’s world view, which was also the Nazi ideology, was

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

Why did Helmuth’s father kill himself in the spring of 1945 ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

Which of the following countries led the Allied Powers in the Second World War ?

Solution: In World War II the chief Allied powers were Great Britain, France (except during the German occupation, 1940–44), the Soviet Union (after its entry in June 1941), the United States (after its entry on December 8, 1941), and China. 
QUESTION: 11

Which of the following bodies was set up to try and prosecute the Nazi war criminals at the end of World War II ?

Solution:

At the end of second world war, an International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg was set up to try and prosecute the Nazi war criminals for Crimes against Peace, for War Crimes and Crimes Against Humanity. Germany's conduct during the war, especially those activities which came to be called Crimes Against Humanity, raised serious moral and ethical questions and invited worldwide condemnation.

QUESTION: 12

Germany’s ‘genocidal war’ was against which of the following people ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

Why did the Nuremburg Tribunal sentence only 11 Nazis to death for such a massive genocide?

Solution:

The correct answer is "B". Actually,they did not want to repeat the same mistakes that they did after the World War I. The world war II was a way through which the citizens of Nazi Germany sought to take revenge for their humiliation and disgrace caused by the treaty of versailles. In order to avoid such situations,Nuremberg Tribunal decided not to be harsh on them as they had been earlier. Maybe they felt guilty about it.

QUESTION: 14

Against which of these countries had Germany fought during World War I (1914-1918) ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

What was the most important result of the Spartacus League uprising in Germany in 1918-19 ?

Solution: The Spartacist League was a political party that opposed the Weimer Republic in Germany. They were in favour of a Soviet-style governance. However, they could not achieve the success as they were opposed by the Socialists, Democrats, Catholics and  severely crushed by the Free Corps. 
QUESTION: 16

Who were called the ‘November criminals’ ?

Solution:

When the Nazi Party came to power in 1933, they made the legend an integral part of their official history of the 1920s, portraying the Weimar Republic as the work of the "November criminals" who stabbed the nation in the back to seize power while betraying it.

QUESTION: 17

War in 1917 led to the strengthening of Allies and the defeat of Germany because of entry of

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

The National Assembly met at Weimer and decided to establish

Solution:

The Weimar National Assembly (German: Weimarer Nationalversammlung) was the constitutional convention and de facto parliament of Germany from 6 February 1919 to 6 June 1920. The assembly drew up the new constitution which was in force from 1919 to 1933, technically remaining in effect even until the end of Nazi rule in 1945. It convened in Weimar, Thuringia and is the reason for this period in German history becoming known as the Weimar Republic.

 

With the end of the First World War and the start of the November Revolution, Chancellor Max of Baden announced the abdication of the German Emperor Wilhelm II on 9 November 1918. He also appointed Friedrich Ebert as his own successor as Chancellor. The Council of the People's Deputies, a provisional government consisting of three delegates from the Social Democratic Party (SPD) and three from the Independent Social Democratic Party (USPD), took over the executive power on the following day and called for a National Congress of Councils on 16 to 21 December to convene in Berlin. This Reichsrätekongress set elections for a national assembly to take place on 19 January 1919.

QUESTION: 19

What was ‘Dawes Plan’ ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

Which of the following statements is true about the economic crisis in Germany in 1923 ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

Who was the founder of the Nazi Party ?           

Solution:

A is the correct option.On July 29, 1921, Adolf Hitler becomes the leader of the National Socialist German Workers' (Nazi) Party. Under Hitler, the Nazi Party grew into a mass movement and ruled Germany as a totalitarian state from 1933 to 1945.

QUESTION: 22

Nazi youth groups for children below 14 years of age were called           

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

What name is given to the German Parliament ?           

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

When did Weimer Republic establish ?           

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

On which country Germany invade on 8th April 1941.           

Solution:

The correct option is C.
Germany realized that a war with Russia meant a war with France, and so its war plans called for an immediate attack on France – through Belgium – hoping for a quick victory before the slow-moving Russians could become a factor.

QUESTION: 26

What is the name of the world’s biggest stock exchange located in the USA?           

Solution:
QUESTION: 27

When was the Nazi Party formed?

Solution:

The Nazi Party emerged from the German nationalist, racist and populist Freikorps paramilitary culture, which fought against the communist uprisings in post-World War I Germany in 1920.

QUESTION: 28

When was the Treaty of veriailles signed ?           

Solution:
QUESTION: 29

The terrible destruction of human life has come to be known as the ?           

Solution:

B is the correct option.The Holocaust, also known as the Shoah, was the World War II genocide of the European Jews. Between 1941 and 1945, across German-occupied Europe, Nazi Germany and its collaborators systematically murdered some six million Jews, around two-thirds of Europe's Jewish population.

QUESTION: 30

Germany’s attack on.....on 1st September 1939 started the second World War ?           

Solution: