Test: Religious Movements - 3


30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: Religious Movements - 3


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QUESTION: 1

Which one of the following constitutes the chief significance of Korean Buddhism?

Solution:

The correct option is A.
In 593 AD, Buddhism was introduced to Japan through Korea and China. Chinese and Korean monks arrived in Japan and spread two different types of Buddhism. The Chinese monks spread Zen Sect. The Zen Sect is popular among the military forces and believes that inner zen can be found through meditation and discipline.

QUESTION: 2

When was Buddhism (Mahayana school) first introduced in Japan?

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QUESTION: 3

Which factor disabled Buddhism from the very beginning to emerge as the triumphant religion of India?

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QUESTION: 4

Which practice of early Buddhists largely enabled Buddhists to become a popular religion?

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QUESTION: 5

The system that must have become the basic doctrine of Buddhism is the

Solution:

Both in Samkhya-Yoga and Buddhism, enlightenment comes from ascertainment and realization of the true nature of Existence. Yoga practices and various exercises of mind-discipline are actually explained against the background of metaphysical categories.

QUESTION: 6

Who listened to the first sermon of the Buddha?

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QUESTION: 7

Symbol of Buddhism is

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QUESTION: 8

The first teacher of Gautama was

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QUESTION: 9

From which religious sect could the sacredness of cow be probably derived?

Solution:

 Buddhists in North India regard Cow as holy as they carry the same culture as Hindus.. religious sectorialism is more of politics and hence can't tell everything about teachings of Buddha.

QUESTION: 10

Which one forms a bridge or rather a half-wayhouse between the old Buddhism and Hinduism?

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QUESTION: 11

The future Buddha may be an incarnation in

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QUESTION: 12

Who was/were NOT a sealous follower(s) of Buddhism?

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QUESTION: 13

Buddhist Councils were held to

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QUESTION: 14

“Bauddhayana” refers to the

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QUESTION: 15

Which sect is similar in thinking or indentical to that of the Lokayatas?

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QUESTION: 16

Who said “Don’t aask the caste, ask the deeds whosoever does the right deeds attains nirvana”?

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QUESTION: 17

Which evidence does NOT reveal Ashoka’s interest in Buddhism?

Solution:

The correct option is A.
 This is not one of Ashoka's inscriptions.

QUESTION: 18

One statement on Charavaka philosophy is NOT correct. Identify that one.

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QUESTION: 19

Which statement on the sect of the Ajivikas is wrong?

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QUESTION: 20

When did China receive Buddhism?

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QUESTION: 21

Which one of the following works of Ashvaghosa is considered to be the oldest dramatic work extant in Sanskrit literature?

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QUESTION: 22

Who of the following did for Buddhism in Japan, what Ashoka had done for it in India?

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QUESTION: 23

The stupa constructed at which one of the following places in southern India is not only the earliest but also a Mahastupa enshrining the mortal remains of the Buddha?

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QUESTION: 24

The sermon of the Turning of the Wheel of Law was preached by the Buddha after his enlightenment. Which statement on it is not correct?

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QUESTION: 25

The Turning of the Wheel of Law was the centre of Buddhist teaching. Which of the following is not correct?

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QUESTION: 26

A Bodhisattva in Hinayana Buddhism is

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QUESTION: 27

Which among the following was absent from the organisation of Buddhist sanghas?

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QUESTION: 28

Which one of the following title was not used for Buddha?

Solution:

Mahavira's anekantavada doctrine is also summarized in Buddhist texts such as the Samaññaphala Sutta (in which he is called Nigantha Nātaputta),and is a key difference between the teachings of Mahavira and those of the Buddha. The Buddha taught the Middle Way, rejecting the extremes of "it is" or "it is not"; Mahavira accepted both "it is" and "it is not", with reconciliation and the qualification of "perhaps.

QUESTION: 29

About whom Max Mueller called, “the greatest grammarian the world has ever known”?

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QUESTION: 30

To which of the following countries Ashoka did not send his missionaries?

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