Test: Social & Cultural Awakening, Lower Caste, Trade Union & Peasants Movements - 2


30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: Social & Cultural Awakening, Lower Caste, Trade Union & Peasants Movements - 2


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QUESTION: 1

Rammohan Roy did:

I. Attack polygamy and the degraded conditions of widows.

II. Champion women’s rights like right of inheritance and property.

III. Campaign against the practice of Sati and succeed in getting it abolished by the British Government.

IV. Fight for the spread of traditional education through the medium of sanskrit.

Solution:
QUESTION: 2

Which of the following statements about the Native Marriage Act of 1872 are correct?

I. It was passed by Lord Lytton.

II. It legalised the Brahmo marriages.

III. It was popularly known as the Civil Marriage Act.

IV. It fixed the marriageable age for girls & boys at 18 and 20 respectively.

Solution:

The correct option is A.
The Indian Christian Marriage Act of 1872 is an act of the Parliament of India regulating the legal marriage of Indian Christians. It was enacted on July 18, 1872, and applies throughout India, excluding territories such as Cochin, Manipur and Jammu and Kashmir.After the controversy of underage marriage of Keshub Chunder Sen's daughter, the Special Marriages Act of 1872 was enacted to set the minimum age of 14 years for marriage of girls. All Brahmo marriages were thereafter solemnised under this law.civil marriage law for all Indians, so that those choosing to do the religious first civil marriage law nineteenth century ('Act III of 1872').

QUESTION: 3

Rammohan Roy did:

I. Pass away in India in 1833

II. Initiate public agitation on political questions like the need for reforms in the British administration, etc.

III. Pioneer Indian Journalism in order to educate the public on current issues.

IV. Strive to bring about national consciousness in India.

Solution:

Ram Mohan Roy passed away due to meningitis in Stapleton, Bristol, United Kingdom on 27 September 1833.
Born on May 22, 1772 in a Bengali-Brahmin family, social reformer Raja Ram Mohan Roy is known as the 'Maker of Modern India' and 'Father of Indian Renaissance'. He campaigned for abolition of the practice of Sati and caste system, and demanded property rights for women.

QUESTION: 4

Who said, “So long as the millions live in hunger and ignorance, I hold every man a traitor, who having been educated at their expense, pay not the least head to them”?

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

What is the chronological order of the following events in the life of Swami Vivekananda?

I. Establishment of a monastery at Baranagar

II. First extensive tour of India

III. Speech at the World Parliament of Religions at Chicago

IV. Speech at the Congress of the History of Religions at Paris

Solution:
QUESTION: 6

Arrange the following events in the life of Rammohan Roy in chronological sequence:

I. His publication of a book entitled “The Precepts of Jesus, the Guide to Peace and Happiness”.

II. His visit to England as an ambassador of the titular Mughal emperor.

III. His publication of a Persian treatise called “Tuhfat-ul-Muwahidin”.

IV. Establishment of the Atmiya Sabha.

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

Which of the following statements about the Prarthana Sabha are true?

I. M.G. Ranade and R.G. Bhandarkar joined it in 1870 and infused new strength in it.

II. It was an offshoot of the Brahmo Samaj of India.

III. It was a reform movement outside Hinduism.

IV. It concentrated on social reforms like interdining, inter-marriage, remarriage of widows, and upliftment of women and depressed classes.

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

In the beginning of the 19th century, Indian society suffered from many social and religious ills. What exposed the weakness and decay of Indian society ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

Why did some Indians feel that modem Western thought provided the key to the regeneration of their society?

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

The main figure in the awakening was Raja Rammohan Roy who is regarded as the first great leader of modem India. He joined the service of the East India Company in

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

What is true about Rammohan Roy?

Solution:

 It will surely not be in a hyperbole to regard Raja Rammohan Roy as one of the most outstanding personalities of the 19th century, as a pioneer of modernity, and a visionary of Liberal Democracy not just of Bengal or India but of the whole world. He is universally acknowledged as the prime crusader against the infamous practice of Sati, and pioneer of the progressive Atmiya Sabha, but he also inadvertently preached constructive capitalistic activism.

QUESTION: 12

In which languages was Rammohan Roy proficient ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

In 1809 Rammohan Roy wrote Gift to Monotheists in which he put forward the idea that people must worship a single God. This work was written in

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

Rammohan Roy settled in Calcutta in 1814. He got the cooperation of youngmen and started an organisation to fight religious and social evils which were widely prevalent among Hindus in Bengal. This organisation was called

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

Rammohan Roy held that the principal ancient Hindu texts preached monotheism or the worship of one God. To prove his point, he published the Bengali translation of

Solution:

Rammohan Roy carried on a persistent struggle against the religious and social evils which were widely prevalent among the Hindusin Bengal. In particular he vigorously opposed the worship of idols, the rigidity of caste and the prevalence of meaningless religious rituals. He condemned the priestly class for encouraging these practices. He held  that all the principal ancient texts of the Hindus preached monotheism or worship of one God. He published the Bengali translation of the vedas and five of the principal Upanishads.

QUESTION: 16

Rammohan Roy opposed the

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

Rammohan Roy published his Precept of Jesus in which he attempted to separate the moral and philosophic message of the New Testament, which he praised, from its miracle stories. This work was published in

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

Rammohan Roy wanted the high moral message of Christ to be incorporated in Hinduism. This got him the hostility of the

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

Which is true about Rammohan Roy?

I. Surprisingly, the orthodoxy supported him for his philosophic admiration of Christianity and Islam.

II. He wanted reform of Hinduism and opposed its supersession by Christianity.

III. Other tha n Hinduism, Rammohan Roy adopted an extremely friendly attitude towards only Christianity.

Solution:

The correct option is B.
From 1820 to 1823 to 1823 Rammohun was engaged in a controversy with Christian Missionaries on the fundamentals of Christianity. This controversy started with the publication of his book − the precepts of Jesus, the Guide to peace and happiness, in which he tried to separate the moral teachings of Jesus from the historical and miraculous accounts given in the gospels. Rammohun’s religious view and writings influenced the younger generation of his time.
Rammohun’s stand for opposition to Hindu idolatry and polytheism were that the authentic version of the Hindu religion available in the Vedas was not followed in the current polytheistic and idolatrous practices, that the current practices (Child-sacrifice, Sati, Hook Swinging etc) were based on bad understanding of the true purport of the Vedas, that the current practices indicate a decline of true scholarship of the scriptures
 

QUESTION: 20

Rammohan Roy founded a new religious society, the Brahmo Samaj. Its purposes was to purify Hinduism and to preach theism (worship of a single God). This society was founded in

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

The Brahma Sabha was to be based on the twin pillars of

Solution:
QUESTION: 22

What is true about the Brahmo Samaj?

I. It laid emphasis on human dignity.

II. It opposed idol worship.

III. It criticised social evils like Sati.

IV. lt incorporated the teachings of other religions.

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

Rammohan Roy set out to arouse public opinion on the question of sati as early as

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

What did Rammohan Roy demanded in order to raise the status of women?

Solution:

The correct answer is C as the foremost demand of rammohan roy  was to Women be given the right of inheritance and property

QUESTION: 25

Rammohan Roy was given the title of ‘Raja’ by Mughal emperor

Solution:
QUESTION: 26

A foreigner came to India in 1800 as a watchmaker. He spent his entire life in the promotion of modem education in India and got enthusiastic support from Rammohan Roy. His name was

Solution:
QUESTION: 27

Who founded the famous Hindu College?

Solution:

The correct option is B.
David Hare (1775–1842) was a Scottish watchmaker and philanthropist in Bengal, India (see East India Company and their rule in India). He founded many important and prestigious educational institutions in Calcutta (now Kolkata), such as the Hindu School, and Hare School and helped in founding Presidency College.

QUESTION: 28

Raja Rammohan Roy was a pioneer of Indian journalism. He published journals in

Solution:
QUESTION: 29

Rammohan Roy protested against

Solution:
QUESTION: 30

Which of the following was Rammohan Roy’s foremost Indian associate?

Solution:

The correct option is Option C.
Rammohan Roy and Dwarkanath Tagore were allies in social reform, early Indian journalism and much else in colonial Calcutta, but after both died in England in the 19th century, their lives are remembered differently: one is celebrated, while the other lies in a crumbling grave, neglected.
Roy (1772-1833) died in Bristol, while Tagore (1794-1846) passed away on a stormy August day in London.