Test: Social & Cultural Awakening, Lower Caste, Trade Union & Peasants Movements - 3


30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: Social & Cultural Awakening, Lower Caste, Trade Union & Peasants Movements - 3


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QUESTION: 1

Samachar Darpan , the first vernacular paper in India was started during the period of

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QUESTION: 2

Which of the following earned the epithet “Liberator of the Indian Press’?

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QUESTION: 3

Which of the following was the first to impose censorship on the press in India?

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QUESTION: 4

The first step taken by the British government for the spread of modern education was taken in

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QUESTION: 5

Who argued that ‘Oriental learning was completely inferior to European learning’?

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QUESTION: 6

The first mefor extension of British-Indian territory took place dirung the time of

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QUESTION: 7

The aim of the Asiatic Society was

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The Asiatic Society founded in 1784 by Sir. William Jones was a unique institution having served as a fountainhead of all literary and scientific activities. It was visualised as a centre for Asian studies including everything concerning man and nature within the geographical limits of the continent. It’s aim was to rediscover India’s glorious past.

QUESTION: 8

The famous ‘1835 minute’ on education is associated with

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QUESTION: 9

Shome Prakash’ was started by

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QUESTION: 10

The silver coins of the Gupta period were known as

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QUESTION: 11

 The ‘Sadharan Brahmo Samaj’ was founded in

Solution: The Sadharan Brahmo Samaj is a division of Brahmoism formed as a result of schisms in the Brahmo Samaj in 1866 and 1878 respectively. The Sadharan Brahmo Samaj was formed in a public meeting of Brahmos held in the Town Hall of Calcutta on 15 May 1878 (2nd Jaishta 1284 of the Bengali calendar). A letter from Maharshi Devendranath Tagore communicating his blessings and prayer for the success of the new Samaj was read in the meeting. At the time of its foundation the Sadharan Brahmo Samaj was headed by three men universally esteemed in Brahmo society for their high moral character. They were Ananda Mohan Bose, Sib Nath Shastri and Umesh Chandra Dutta. Of those three Ananda Mohan Bose was the youngest, scarcely more than 31 years at the time, yet he was placed at the head of affairs.
QUESTION: 12

The Prathna Samaj was founded in Bombay in 1867. Its founder was

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The Prarthana Samaj started in Bombay and was inspired by the Brahmo Samaj. 
Two secret societies preceded the Prarthana Samaj. Little is known of the Gupta Sabha. This was followed in 1849 by the Paramahamsa Sabha established by Ram Balkrishna Jaykar and others. 

Orthodox opposition resulted in the documents being stolen in 1860 and the names of the members being made public. This caused panic. Some members became Christian, while others held to their convictions. 

Those who held to their convictions became the founders of the Prarthana Samaj in Bombay in 1867. These were educated Indians from Bombay. The leader was Dr. Atmaram Pandurang (1823-1898), a personal friend of Dr. Wilson, founder of Wilson College in 1835. 

In 1864 Keshav visited Bombay and again in 1868. In 1872 another great Brahmo, Pratap Chandra, stayed for six months at the invitation of the Prarthana Samaj. 
During his visit there was a plan to become a branch of Brahmo Samaj. 
QUESTION: 13

The Prathana Samaj laid stress on

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The correct answer is option (E).The Prarthana Samaj adhered to the tradition of Bhakti that believed in spiritual equality of all castes. Established in 1867 at Bombay, the Prarthana Samaj sought to remove caste restrictions, abolish child marriage, encourage the education of women, and end the ban on widow remarriage. Its religious meetings drew upon Hindu, Buddhist and Christian texts.

QUESTION: 14

Who opined “the rigidities of the caste system has been the source of want of unity among us”?

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QUESTION: 15

Who remarked “Rammohan was the only person in his time, in the whole world of man, to realise completely the significance of the Modern Age”?

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QUESTION: 16

Which of the following evolved a new teachnique of teaching Sanskrit and wrote a Bengali primer which is used till this day

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QUESTION: 17

Who said “What we see around us today is a fallen nation - a nation whose primitive greatness lies buried in ruins”?

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QUESTION: 18

The activities of which society spread to South India as a result of the efforts of the Telegu reformer, Versalingam?

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QUESTION: 19

The great rationalist thinker G.G. Agarkar, who was against false glorification of India’s past came from

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QUESTION: 20

Who repudiated the doctrine that the Vedic scriptures were infallible?

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QUESTION: 21

 Who again and again emphasised that there were many roads to God and salvation and that service of man was service of god, for man was the embodiment of god

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Swami vivekanand , his original name Narendra datta (1862-1902). He subscribed vedanta which he considered a fully rational system with a superior approach.in 1893 parliament of religions held at Chicago where he made great impression on people by his learned interpretations. spread the message of Ramakrishna's. In 1897 he founded Rama Krishna mission for humanitarian relief and social work.

QUESTION: 22

Who wrote “For our own motherland a junction of the two great systems, Hinduism and Islam...is the only hope“ ?

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QUESTION: 23

Swami Vivekanand founded the Ramakrishna mission to carry on humanitarian relief and social work in

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QUESTION: 24

Arrange the following chronologically:

I. The Bethune School

II. The Prarthana Samaj

III. The Tatvabodhini Samaj

IV. The Ramakrishna Mission

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QUESTION: 25

The Arya Samaj, founded in 1875 by Swami Dayanand Saraswati, undertook the task of reforming Hinduism in

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QUESTION: 26

 According to Swami Dayanand, which of the following were full of false teachings?

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QUESTION: 27

 Swami Dayanand regarded the Vedas as infallible. This gave his teachings an orthodox colouring. Why?

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QUESTION: 28

Swami Dayanand’s approach had a rationalist aspect because

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QUESTION: 29

Which of the following was not criticized by the Arya Samaj?

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QUESTION: 30

Which is true about the Arya Samaj?

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