Test: Special Material On Modern India - 2


30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: Special Material On Modern India - 2


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QUESTION: 1

The skeletal remains as well as the sculptured heads indicate that the population at Harappa and Mohenjodaro was of a cosmopolitan character consisting of different ethnic types.Which of the following is one of them?

(i) Mediterranian 

(ii) The Alpine

(iii) Proto-Australoid

(iv) Mongolian branch

Solution:

The correct answer is D as the all the mentioned are correct and are ethic types.

QUESTION: 2

What is Chalcolithic age?

Solution:

The first metal age of India is called Chalcolithic Age which saw the use of copper along with stone. It was also called the Stone-Copper Age. Along with the use of copper and stone these people also used low grade bronze to make tools and weapons. Chronologically, there are several settlements. Some are Pre-Harappan or early Harappan (Kalibangan in Rajasthan and Bhanawali in Haryana) and some are Harappan and Post-Harappan. The Chalcolithic culture mainly had farming communities and they existed between 2000 BC and 700 BC. In India it was mainly found in South-Eastern Rajasthan, Western part of Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra, and in South and East India.

QUESTION: 3

Which of the following statements about the Indus Valley civilization is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

“It is a survivng fragment of a very wide-spread Dravidian tract which extended from Baluchistan and Sind through Rajputana and Malwa into the present day Maratha country and the Dravidian lands of the South and which also extended north and north-east in the Punjab and the Ganges valley and possibly also north-west through Afghanistan into Iran”. Who are they?

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

The society of Indus valley civilization was not divided into caste but into different classes. The remains unearthed at Mohanjodaro demonstrate the existence of different sections of the people.Which of the following was one of them?

I. Priest

II. Warrior

III. Traders

IV. Manual Labourers

Solution:
QUESTION: 6

Probably there were three methods of disposing the dead. Which one of the following was not one of them?

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

A seal from Harappa shows a nude female figure, turned upside down, and a plant coming out of the womb. What does it depict?

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

The Indus people appears to have made great progress in

I. Ceramic art

II. Plastic art

III. Seal cutter ’s art

IV. Wooden artefacts

V. Wall painting

Solution:

Correct Answer:C

The people of the Indus Valley were successful farmers who grew crops in the fertile soil beside the river. They also used mud from the river to make bricks for their buildings, and they constructed the world's first planned towns and cities. Indus society was very organized and rich in arts and crafts.

QUESTION: 9

Which of the following cities of the Indus Valley civilization were excavated after Independence?

I. Ropar

II. Desalpur

III. Surkotada

IV. Prabhas Patan

V. Alamgirpur

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

The Greek used the word ‘Sindon’ for which of the following items?

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

Match the following historians and theories of origin of the Aryans:

Solution:

A-I : The Austro-Hungarian theory, propounded by Dr Giles and Prof. Macdonell, considers the banks of the Danube river to have been the original home of the Aryans.
B-II : According to Swami Dayananda the original home of the Aryans was Tibet.
C-III : From the description of certain natural phenomenon as described in the Rigveda, Lokamanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak concluded that the original home of the Aryans might be in the region near the North Pole. He reached this view after a close study of several ancient books such as Zend Avesta, Rig Veda and other books.
D-IV : Karl Penka popularised the theory that the Aryan race had emerged in Scandinavia and could be identified by the Nordic characteristics of blue eyes and blond hair. In his Origines Ariacae ('Origins of the Aryans') of 1883, he proposed that the Indo-European homeland was in the far north, the Hyperborea of antiquity.
E-V : The Central Asian theory of the Max Muller is accepted most widely. He has identified Central Asia as the original home of the Aryans. His view is based on the study of language.
 

QUESTION: 12

Which of the following tributaries of the Sindhu were on the west?

I. Suvastu (Swat)

II. Krumu (Kurum)

III. Gomati (Gomal)

IV. Susartu (Ghorband)

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

In the Nadi-stuti a river is mentioned between the Yamuna and Sutudri. What is that?

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

The Himavant, now known as Himalaya, is frequently used inI. RigvedaII. AtharvavedaII. Vajansaneyi Samhita

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

The battle of Ten Kings during the Rig-vedic period was a battle of the Tratsu-Bharatas against the combined forces of

I. Puru

II. Yadu

III. Tursava

IV. Anu

V. Druhya

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

The earliest Aryan kingdoms were founded by

I. Iksaku

II. Pramsu

III. Sudyunma

IV. Saryata

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

During the Rig-Vedic period the king did not maintain any regular army. But during the period of war different tribal groups formed a militia.

Who were they?

I. Vrata

II. Gana

III. Grama

IV. Sardha

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

Which of the following is not a ‘Sruti’ literature?

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

Which of the following is wrongly matched?

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

Which of the following is a Upaveda?

I. Ayurveda

II. Dhanurveda

III. Gandharvaveda

IV. Shilpaveda

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

Which one of the following is wrongly matched?

Solution:
QUESTION: 22

The lowest unit of political organization during the Vedic period was

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

What may we deduce from the use of the words ‘Parivividana’ and ‘Parivista’ during the Vedic period?

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

The coming of the Aryans marked a new feature since they introduced

I. New regulations of production which evolved many people in the setting up of a new type of social organization.

II. Plough agriculture made the food supply more regular and the exchange of food surplus for commodities was now a reality.

III. The y no t only s uppr esse d the is olat ed primitive groups but also swept away the older classes along with their rituals.

IV. The new social organisation made available supply of labour whose surplus was expropriated.

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

What is true about the religion of the Vedic period?

I. The earliest religious ideas of the Aryans were those of a primitive animism where the forces around them, which they could not control or understand, were invested with divinity and were personified as male or female Gods.

II. The central feature of Aryan religious life was sacrifice.

III. Aryans did not build any temple nor made any idols to worship their Gods. They performed their worship in the open area.

IV. Man’s attitude towards the deities was not that of surrender and devotion and the praise addressed to them was no more than poetic effusion.

Solution:
QUESTION: 26

In the later Vedic period we are introduced to a region known as the middle land inhabited by the

I. Kurus

II. Panchalas

III. Vasas

IV. Usinaras

Solution:
QUESTION: 27

Which of the following mentions both the western ocean and the eastern one suggesting thereby the Arabian Sea and the Indian ocean being known to the people of the period of its composition?

Solution:
QUESTION: 28

Which of the following give the evidence that there were elected kings even in the later Vedic age?

Solution:
QUESTION: 29

During the later-Vedic period the Bharatas of the Rigveda had lost its political strength and there place was taken by the

1. Kurus

II. Panchalas

III. Vasas

IV. Usinaras

Solution:
QUESTION: 30

Which of the following sources inform us that the Parisad acted as a royal council in which the members conducted a debate under the Chairmanship of Isana, each trying to prevail upon others but being careful to avoid the wrath of the President and win his favour?

Solution: