Test: The East India Company And The Bengal Nawabs - 2


30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: The East India Company And The Bengal Nawabs - 2


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QUESTION: 1

Arrange the following Nawabs in the chronological sequence:

I. Shuja-ud-din

II. Sharfaraj Khan

III. Alivardi Khan

IV. Siraj-ud-daula

V. Nazm-ud-daula

Solution:

Shuja-ud-din- 1 July 1727 – 26 August 1739

Sharfaraj Khan- 13 March 1739 – 29 April 1740

Alivardi Khan- ‎29 April 1740 – 9 April 1756

Siraj-ud-daula- 9 April 1756 – 23 June 1757

Nazm-ud-daula- ‎5 February 1765 – 8 May 1766

QUESTION: 2

Arrange the following British Governors of Calcutta in the chronological order:

I. Vansittart

II. Verelst

III. Drake

IV. Warren Hastings

V. Cartier

Solution:

Drake- 1742 to 1762

Vansittart-1759 to 1764

Verelst-1767 to 1769

Cartier-1769 to 1772

Warren Hastings-1774 to 1785

QUESTION: 3

Which of the following statements about Mir Jafar is— are not true?

I. After he was made the Nawab by the British, he granted them the right to free trade in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa and also the Zamindari of the 24 Parganas.

II. His efforts to replace the British by the Dutch ended in failure with the defeat of the latter by the former at Bedara.

III. He voluntarily abdicated the throne in favour of his son-in-law, Mir Qasim.

IV. He was the diwan of Siraj-ud-daulah, before the battle of Plassey

Solution:

Answer: (D)

Explanation:

Statement 1 is correct

After the battle of Plassey in 1757,  Mir Jafar became king of the Bengal by supporting the British East Indian company, As a reward, the company was granted undisputed right to free trade in Bengal, Bihar and Orissa. It also received the zamindari of the 24 Parganas near Calcutta

Statement 2 is correct

After becoming king with help of East India Company, Mir Jafar eventually ran into disputes with the East India Company and attempted to ally with the Dutch East India Company instead. The British eventually defeated the Dutch at Chinsura (The Battle of Chinsurah (also known as the Battle of Biderra or Battle of Hoogly))and overthrew Mir Jafar, replacing him with Mir Qasim.

Statement 3 is incorrect

Clearly, from statement 2 explanation, Mir Jafar did not give his throne voluntarily to Mir Qasim.

Statement 4 is incorrect

He was the army chief of Siraj-ud-daulah.

QUESTION: 4

Which of the following is true about Mir Qasim?

I. Grant the British the Zamindari of Burdwan, Midnapore and Chittagong.

II. Escape alive after his defeat in the Battle of Buxar.

III. Stop the British from misusing the ‘Dastaks‘

IV. Transfer his capital from Murshidabad to Decca.

Solution:

The correct option is Option C.

Mir Qasim nawab of Bengal (1760-1763). He was put on the throne of Murshidabad by the east india company, replacing his father-in-law mir jafar, on 20 October 1760. Able and ambitious, Mir Qasim was determined to assert his independence at the earliest opportunity, and he embodied the Indian reaction to the English company's exploitations. But he had mortgaged his country's fortunes for the office: the three districts of Burdwan, Midnapur and Chittagong were assigned to the company for the maintenance of their troops; the outstanding debts of Mir Jafar were to be paid; and two hundred thousand pounds were paid in cash to the Calcutta Council.

The Battle of Buxar happened in the year 1764. In this battle, Hectar Muro of the British defeated the combined forces of Mir Qasim. The Nawab of Avadh took refuge in Rohilakhand and Shah Alam took the side of the British. Mir Qasim had to run away from the battle field.  Mir Qasim was independent in his out look. After verifying the misuse of Dastakaths, he made all trade in Bengal tax free. This made the British to face the competition from the Indian Merchants. So they dethroned Mir Qasim and brought back Mir Jaffer to the throne. All this ultimately led to the Battle of Buxar

QUESTION: 5

Siraj-ud-Daulah did:

I. Protes t aga in st the B ri tish conq uest of Chandranagore.

II. Concede almost all the demands of the British by concluding a Tready with them.

III. Order the British to demolish additional fortification of Calcutta.

IV. Besiege and capture Calcutta in June, 1756.

Solution:

D is the correct option.Mirza Muhammad Siraj-ud-Daulah, commonly known as Siraj-ud-Daulah, was the last independent Nawab of Bengal. The end of his reign marked the start of British East India Company rule over Bengal and later almost all of the Indian subcontinent. 

  • Clive defeated Siraj-ud-Daulah at Plassey in 1757 and captured Calcutta. The battle was preceded by an attack on British-controlled Calcutta by him then.
  • The Treaty of Alinagar was signed on 9th February 1757 between Robert Clive of the British East India Company and the Nawab of Bengal, Mirza Muhammad Siraj Ud Daula. Alinagar was the short-lived name given to Calcutta given by the Nawab after it was captured by him.
  • He ordered the British to demolish additional fortification of Calcutta.The Siege of Calcutta was a battle between the Bengal Subah and the British East India Company on 20 June 1756. The Nawab of Bengal, Siraj ud-Daulah, aimed to seize Calcutta to punish the Company for the unauthorised construction of fortifications at Fort William.
  • The Siege of Calcutta was a battle between the Bengal Subah and the British East India Company on 20 June 1756. The Nawab of Bengal, Siraj ud-Daulah, aimed to seize Calcutta to punish the Company for the unauthorised construction of fortifications at Fort William.
     
QUESTION: 6

Which of the following statements about Alivardi Khan is true?

I. He prohibited the English and the French from fortifying their factories at Calcutta and Chandranagore.

II. He favoured and chose Shaukhat Jang, one of his sons, as his successor.

III. He paid Rs.2 crores to the Mughal Emperor and received a ‘Farman‘ in 1740 confirming his position as the Governor of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa.

IV. He refused to pay any tribute to the Mughal Emperor when the latter demanded it in 1748 through a farman.

Solution:

Correct Answer :- a

Explanation : Alivard Khan legalized his usurpation by receiving a farman from emperor Muhammad Shah after paying him Rs 2 crore.

He agreed to their demands of revenues from part of Orissa and an annual payment of Rs 12 lakh as the chauth of Bengal in exchange for peace. 

He prevented the English from misusing their privileges and prohibited them and French from fortifying their factories at Calcutta and Chandannagar.

QUESTION: 7

Which of the following statements about Murshid Quli Khan are true?

I. In 1719 he was granted the Governorship of Bihar also by Farrukh Siyar.

II. He was made Naib Subahdar and then Subahdar of Bengal by Farrukh Siyar in 1713 and 1717 respectively.

III. He stopped recognising the Mughal emperor as his suzerain from 1720 onwards.

IV. He served as the Wazir of the Mughal Empire between 1700 and 1707.

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

All the information concerning the so-called “Black Hole Episode” is found in a single-sided account of it by an Englishman. What is the name of this Englishman?

Solution:

The answer is option (D). John Zephaniah Holwell FRS was a surgeon, an employee of the English East India Company, and a temporary Governor of Bengal. He was a survivor of the Black Hole of Calcutta, June 1756, the incident in which British subjects and others were crammed into a small poorly ventilated chamber overnight, with many deaths.

QUESTION: 9

Who captured and executed Siraj-ud-daulah after the Battle of Plassey?

Solution:

British marched out to the grove of Plassey, about 100 Kilometers north of Calcutta, at the head of 1000 Europeans and 2000 sepoys, with 8 pieces of artillery. The Bengal viceroy’s army numbered 35,000 foot and 15,000 horse, with 50 cannon. On 23 June 1757, the Battle of Plassey was fought between the forces of Siraj Ud Daulah, and his French support troops and the troops of the British East India Company, led by Robert Clive. This event was a part of the Seven Years War.

In the battle of Plassey the forces of Nawab were defeated and Nawab fled the scene on a Camel along with his 2000 horsemen. He went first to Murshidabad and then to Patna by boat, but was eventually pursued by Mir Jafar’s soldiers.

On 2 July 1757, Siraj-Ud-Daulah was executed under orders from Mir Miran, son of Mir Jafar.

QUESTION: 10

“Who was the author of the following passage? “Shall I only say that such a scene of anarchy, confusion, bribery, corruption, and extortion was never seen or heard of in any country but Bengal; nor such and so many fortunes acquired in so unjust and rapacious manner.”

Solution:

 In May 1765, Clive came to India as the governor of Bengal for the second time. Clive followed a moderate policy and a settlement policy with the emporer and Nawab of Oudh. After the settlement, clive turned to the internal administration of Bengal, which at that time presente a scene of chaos and corruption. Clive himself described the situation as ‘Shall I only say that such a scene of anarchy, confusion, bribery, corruption, and extortion was never seen or heard of in any country but Bengal; nor such and so many fortunes acquired in so unjust and rapacious manner.’ Clive took the resolution of cleansing the Augean stable.

QUESTION: 11

The British organised a conspiracy with some leading people of the Nawab‘s court to remove Siraj-ud-daulah from the Nawabship of Bengal.Which of the following people were not included in the conspiracy?

I. Omichand

II. Manikchand

III. Ghasti Begum

IV. Jagat Seth

V. Krishandas

Solution:

The correct answer is C as the people were not involved in the conspiracy was MANIKCHAND AND KRISHNADAS

QUESTION: 12

Who was the first President of the Council of Fort William established in 1700 A.D?

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

Only a few fought for Siraj-ud-daulah in the Battle of Plassey. Which of the following are those?

I. Rai Durlabh

II. Kadim Khan

III. Mohan Lal

IV. Mir Madan

V. Rajballabh

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

Mir Qasim formed an alliance with the Nawab of Avadh and the Mughal Emperor to fight against the British. What is the name of the Nawab of Avadh?

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

Which of the following statements are true about the Mughal Farman of 1717 granted to the East India Company?

I. It permitted the English to rent additional territory around Calcutta.

II. It exempted them from the payment of all dues at Surat in return for an annual payment of Rs. 10,000.

III. The coins of the company minted at Bombay were allowed to have currency through out the Mughal Empire.

IV. It confirmed the previleges enjoyed by the English in Bengal under the farman of 1691.

Solution:

B is the correct option.
Background:

  • In 1714, an Englishman John Surman was sent to Delhi Court for securing trading facilities for the company.
  • He succeeded in obtaining from Emperor Farukhsiyar a farman in 1717
  • The East India Company secured valuable privileges in 1717 under the royal farman

What’s the Farman?

  • The Company was permitted to carry on trade in Bengal, Bombay and Madras free of customs duty.
  • The Company was also permitted to mint its own coins.
  • The Nawabs of Bengal, however, showed scant regard for the imperial farman
  • Granted the Company the freedom to export and import their goods in Bengal without paying taxes
  • Right to issue passes or dastaks for the movements of such goods.
  • The Company servants were also permitted to trade but were not covered by this farman. They were required to pay the same taxes as Indian merchants.

SO?

  • This farman was a perpetual source of conflict between the Company and the Nawabs of Bengal.
  • All the Nawabs of Bengal from Mushid Quli Khan to Alivardi Khan, had objected to the English interpretation of the farman of 1717.
  • They had compelled the Company to pay lumps sums to their treasury, and firmly suppressed the misuse of dastaks
     
QUESTION: 16

Who was the British officer who defeated Mir Qasim in a series of battles of 1763?

Solution:

The Third Battle of Katwa occurred between the Nawab of Bengal, Mir Qasim and the British East India Company in 1763.Dissatisfied with Nawab Mir Qasim's administration, the English deposed him in favor of his father-in-law Mir Jafar and officially declared war against Mir Qasim on July 7, 1763. The English command was given to Major Thomas Adams, who led a small force, variously estimated as between 3,000 and 5,000 men, of whom, approximately 1,000 were European.

QUESTION: 17

Under the dual Government of Bengal, the same person acted as the Deputy Subahdar or behalf of the Nawab as well as the Deputy Diwan on behalf of the English Company. Who is he?

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

What percentage of the rental derived by the Zamindar from the peasantry was expected to remit to the Company under the Permanent Settlement?

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

The nawab of Bengal who made over all the revenues of Bengal in lieu of an annual pension of Rs.50 lakh was

Solution:

Najim-ud-daula, son of Mir Jafar, was made the Nawab of Bengal in 1765 and remained a puppet in the hands of the British during the period of 'Dual system of Government. ' He signed a treaty with the Company and became a titled pensioner on fifty-three lakhs of rupees per year which was subsequently reduced.

QUESTION: 20

In 1775, who referred to the Nawab of Bengal as 'a Phantom, a man of straw'?

Solution:

D is the correct option.In 1775, Warren Hastings referred to the Nawab of Bengal as 'a Phantom, a man of straw'.Warren Hastings, an English statesman, was the first Governor of the Presidency of Fort William (Bengal), the head of the Supreme Council of Bengal, and thereby the first de facto Governor-General of Bengal from 1772 to 1785.

QUESTION: 21

At which place in Bengal was the East India Company given permission to trade and build a factory by the Mughals in 1651?

Solution:

The first factory in the interior of Bengal was established in 1651 at Hughli. This was followed by Other factories at Patna and Qasim Bazar.

QUESTION: 22

Why did hostilities break out between the East India Company and Aurangzeb in Bengal in 1686?

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

What made the British empire an independent settle ment in Bengal?

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

Sir Joshua Child, on behalf of the Company and Shaiyasta Khan, on behalf of Aurangzeb, fought a battle in Bengal in 1686. What was its outcome?

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

After 1750, which of the following was used as a springboard for the conquest of Bengal and subsequently the whole of India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 26

Why were the English given privileges under a royal farman by Farrukh Siyar, the Mughal emperor?

Solution:
QUESTION: 27

How was the royal farman of 1717 useful to the East India Company’s trading activities in Bengal?

Solution:

Misuse of Royal Farman for Trade in Bengal by the British: The English East India Company secured a royal farman in 1717 AD by the Mughal Emperor granting theCompany the freedom to export and import goods from and to Bengal without paying taxes and right to issue dastaks (passes) for the movement of such goods.

QUESTION: 28

Why was the royal farman of 1717 a perpetual source of conflict between the Company and the Nawab of Bengal?

Solution:
QUESTION: 29

The English were never allowed to strengthen their fortifications in Bengal till the time of

Solution:

Alivardi Khan was the Nawab of Bengal during 1740–1756. He toppled the Nasiri Dynasty of the Nawabs and took powers of the Nawab. He is also one of the few Mughal-era leaders known for his victory during the Battle of Burdwan against the Maratha Empire.

QUESTION: 30

What made the British fortify Calcutta in 1696?

Solution:

The British East India Company chose Calcutta as their operations center because it was nearer the sea than other European settlements. It was also near three localvillages where Indian merchants had settled. When rebellion erupted in 1696, the trading post was fortified.