Test: The Freedom Struggle - 1


30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: The Freedom Struggle - 1


Description
This mock test of Test: The Freedom Struggle - 1 for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 30 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Test: The Freedom Struggle - 1 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Test: The Freedom Struggle - 1 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this Test: The Freedom Struggle - 1 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Test: The Freedom Struggle - 1 extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

The purpose of the Landholders’ Society was to promote the class interests of 

Solution: The reckoned to be the first political association of modern India. Formally launched in Calcutta in March 1838, it was renamed the Landholders' Society shortly afterwards. Landed magnates like Raja radhakant dev, dwarkanath tagore, Prasanna Kumar Tagore, Rajkamal Sen and Bhabani Charan Mitra were its leading members. The promotion of landholders' interests through petitions to government and discreet persuasion of the bureaucracy was its professed object. Among its aims were securing a halt to the resumption of rent-free tenures and an extension of the permanent settlement of land all over India, including the grant of lease of waste land to their occupants. The demand for reform of the judiciary, the police and the revenue departments was also on its agenda.
QUESTION: 2

Match the following Associations with the years in which they were organised:

Solution:

Correct Answer:B

Chetty established Madras Native Association in 1852 as a platform for educated Indians to protest against any injustice on the part of the British. It was the first Indian political organization in the Madras Presidency. Chetty served as its first president. British Indian Association, The. British Indian Association, The was founded on October 29, 1851 at Calcutta with Raja radhakanta dev and debendranath tagore as its President and Secretary respectively.

QUESTION: 3

The most powerful noble during the reign of Bahadur Shah and Jahandar Shah was 

Solution:

The correct option is C.
Syed Abdullah Khan and Syed Husain Ali Khan Barha, who were powerful in the Mughal Empire during the early 18th century.

QUESTION: 4

Where did Dadabhai Nauroji, the Grand Old man of India, organise the East India Association in 1867 to discuss the Indian question and to influence British public men to promote Indian welfare?

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

The Poona Sarvajanik Sahba was organised in 1870’s by

Solution:
QUESTION: 6

The Madras, Mahajan Sabha and the Bombay Presidency Association were mainly devoted to criticism of important administrative and legislative measures. They were started respectively in

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

The most important pre-Congress nationalist organisation was the Indian Association of Calcutta which was founded by S.N. Banerjee and Ananda Mohan Bose in

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

The first major issue that the Indian Association took up for agitation was

Solution:

The first major issue that the Indian Association took up for agitation was the reform of the Civil Service regulations and the raising of the age limit for its examination. Surendranath Banerjea toured different parts of the country during 1877-78 in an effort to create an all-India public opinion on this question.

QUESTION: 9

The Indian Association sponsored an All-lndia National Conference at Calcutta which was attended by several leaders from outside Bengal. It was held in

Solution:

The correct option is C.
Surendranath Banerjee and Anandamohan Bose were its main organisers. Two sessions of the conference were held in 1883 and 1885, and these sessions drew representatives from all major towns. The first Indian National Conference session was held in Kolkata at Albert Hall from 28 to 30 December 1883.

QUESTION: 10

The Indian Association merged with the Indian National Congress in

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

The Indian National Congress was founded in 1885 by A.O. Hume who was a retired English

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

The aims of the Indian National Congress were declared at its first session at Bombay in December 1885. The chief among the aims was

Solution:

The Indian National Congress conducted its first session in Bombay from 28–31 December 1885 at the initiative of retired Civil Service officer Allan Octavian Hume. In 1883, Hume had outlined his idea for a body representing Indian interests in an open letter to graduates of the University of Calcutta. Its aim was to obtain a greater share in government for educated Indians, and to create a platform for civic and political dialogue between them and the British Raj. Hume took the initiative, and in March 1885 a notice convening the first meeting of the Indian National Union to be held in Poona the following December was issued. Due to a cholera outbreak there, it was moved to Bombay.

QUESTION: 13

How many delegates attended the first session of the Indian National Congress which was presided over by W.C. Banerjee?

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

The Second session of the Indian national Congress was held in Calcutta (436 delegates) in December 1886. This session was presided over by

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

In 1890, the first woman graduate of Calcutta University addressed the Congress session. Who was she?

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

Which of the following twice presided over thesessions of the Indian National Congress?

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

Why is the Gokuldas Tejpal Sanskrit College important in the history of modern India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

The phase (1885-1905) of the Indian National Movement was dominated by the moderates whose method was

Solution:

The methods of the Moderates can be best described as ‘Constitutional agitation’. Their main demands were –
1.Holding of Indian Civil Services examination simultaneously in England and in India.
2.Reduction of military expenditure.
3.Separation of judiciary from the executive.
4.Grant of self-government to India within the British Empire.

QUESTION: 19

From 1885 to 1892, the Moderates demanded the expansion and reform of the

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

In 1905, which of the following raised the demand for swarajya or self-government within the British empire, from the Congress platform?

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

Who declared as early as 1881 that British rule was “an everlasting, increasing, and everyday increasing foreign invasion” that was “utterly, though gradually, destroying the country”?

Solution:
QUESTION: 22

In 1861, where did students burn foreign clothes as part of the larger swadeshi campaign?

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

What is true about the work of the nationalist from 1885- 1905?

I. They agitated for reduction in land revenue.

II. They agitated for improvement in the working conditions of plantation labourers.

III. They demanded reduction in the military expenditure of the Government of India.

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

The most important administrative reform that Indians desired from 1885 to 1905 was

Solution:

A is the correct option.Demands of Early Nationalists were divided in to four parts:
Constitutional Reforms
Economic Reforms
Administrative Demands
Defence of Civil Rights

The Early Nationalists made the following demands in the administrative sphere:
Repeal of the Arms act and License act
“Indianisation of services by taking exams of Indian Civil Services in India and England.”
Spread of primary education among the masses
Increase in the power of local bodies and reduction of official control over them.
 

QUESTION: 25

With whose arrest in 1897, did the beginning of a new phase of the nationalist movement take place?

Solution:
QUESTION: 26

A British Committee of the Indian National Congress started a journal called ‘India’. It was set up in

Solution:

'The British Committee of the Indian National congress' was established in Britain by the Indian National Congress in 1889. Its purpose was to raise awareness of Indian issues to the public in Britain, to whom the Government of India was responsible.

QUESTION: 27

Who attacked the National Congress in a public speech and ridiculed it as representing ‘a microscopic minority of the people’?

Solution:

The correct option is D.
In 1887, Dufferin attacked the Early Nationalists in a speech and ridiculed it as representing only a microscopic minority of the people.

QUESTION: 28

Who remarked, “The Congress is tottering to its fall, and one of my great ambitions, while in India, is to assist it to a peaceful demise”?

Solution:
QUESTION: 29

Whose speech on the budget in 1901 expounded nationalist economic theory on the floor of the Imperial Legislative Council for the first time?

Solution:

The correct option is B.
Gokhale's speech on the budget in 1901 expounded nationalist economic theory on the floor of the Imperial Legislative Council for the first time, and, as Bipan.

QUESTION: 30

The 1899 session of the l.N.C. passed a resolution clearly demanding both permanent fixation of revenue in ryotwari areas and a ceiling on zamindari rent. It was presided (the session) over by

Solution:

The correct option is A.
The 1899 session of the l.N.C. passed a resolution clearly demanding both permanent fixation of revenue in ryotwari areas and a ceiling on zamindari rent.  It was presided over by R.C. Dutt. b).