Test: The Religious Movements In The Fifteenth And Sixteenth Centuries - 1


25 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: The Religious Movements In The Fifteenth And Sixteenth Centuries - 1


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QUESTION: 1

In which region of India was the Firdausi order popular?

Solution:

The correct answer is B as in bihar  which region of India was the Firdausi order popular.

QUESTION: 2

Who said: “God knows man’s virtues and inquires not his caste; in the next world there is no caste”?

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QUESTION: 3

The first Bhakti saint to use Hindi, the language of the masses, for the propagation of his doctrines, was

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QUESTION: 4

The most famous and the earliest biographer of Chaitanya, who wrote Chaitanya Charitamrita , was

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QUESTION: 5

Who said, “The Saktas and dogs are both brothers, the one is asleep while the other barks”?

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A bhakti saint who with great aversion for the Saktas said,”The Saktas and dogs are both brothers, the one is asleep while the other barks“. That saint was Kabir.

QUESTION: 6

After Kabirs death his tomb was built at

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QUESTION: 7

“To me faith and infidelity are the same. What have I to do with any community or religion or sect”. The above saying is associated with

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QUESTION: 8

Who said, “only those who considered themselves neech (low-born) before God attained salvation”?

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Dadu said, “only those who considered themselves neech (low-born) before God attained salvation”.

QUESTION: 9

A religious sect of the sixteenth century which asked its followers to devote themselves wholeheartedly to the remembrance of God (Zikr) and not to waste time in earning a living or other worldly pursuits, was

Solution:

Mahdavis, besides following the five pillars of Islam, also follow the seven obligations of sainthood, known as faraiz-e wilaya Muhammadiya. These obligations are: renunciation (tark-e dunya), quest for divine vision (talab didar-e Ilahi), company of truthfuls and ascetics (sohbath-e sadiqan), migration (hijrah), retreat and solitude (uzlath az khalq), absolute dependence on Allah (tawakkul), constant remembrance of Allah (zikr-e Ilahi) and distributing tithe (ushr). Followers of Jaunpuri strictly follow some of these obligations in their day-to-day life. Most of them initiate renunciation in the advanced stage of their lives, after getting retirement from the jobs or by handing over business to their heirs. 
The second Mahdavi caliph, Bandagi Miyan Syed Khundmir and his fukhra disciples (the persons who renounce the world and keep remembering Allah with zikr), faced organised persecution by the regime of Muzaffar at the behest of his court-appointed Mullas and was killed in 1523 along with hundreds of unarmed and peaceful disciples.
 

QUESTION: 10

The Sufi saint and his followers who loved to call themselves Rishis and not Sufis, were the followers of Shaikh Nuruddin Rishi of

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QUESTION: 11

A woman saint of medieval India, who was a great Shaivite, was

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QUESTION: 12

Bhakti is one of the recognised paths leading to

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QUESTION: 13

“The idea of Bhakti reached India with Christianity” are the words of

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QUESTION: 14

Bhakti has been well defined in

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QUESTION: 15

The history of the Bhakti movement can be traced to

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QUESTION: 16

Which of the following emphasised on Advaita (unqualified monism) or the theory of one reality known as Brahma?

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QUESTION: 17

Match the following Bhakti saints with the theories they preached:

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QUESTION: 18

Daitavada was a school of Bhakti thought. Its member was:

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QUESTION: 19

Which of the following did not raise a common voice against the theory of spiritual non-dualism and world illusion?

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QUESTION: 20

All Vaishnava acharyas of the Bhakti movement championed the cause of devotion to a

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QUESTION: 21

The Bhakti movement started in the South. It was brought to north India by

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QUESTION: 22

The Bhakti movement in south India had two main currents; Saivism and Vaisnavism. The Saiva and Vaisnava saints respectively were:

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QUESTION: 23

The Bhakti saints belonging to the Nirguna school were non-confirmists. Which one of the following saints did not belong to this school?

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QUESTION: 24

The Bhakti saints belonging to the Saguna school were confirmists. Which one of the following saints did not belong to this school?

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QUESTION: 25

Which Bhakti saint’s new creed required the followers to chant the name of God faithfuly and nothing else?

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