Test: The Sangam Age - 2


20 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: The Sangam Age - 2


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QUESTION: 1

Which of the following was a great custom port and artificial harbour?

Solution:

The Chola kingdom known as Cholamandalam, was situated to the northeast of the Pandya territory between Pennar and Velar Rivers. Sangam literature throws light on the fact that their center of political power was Uraiyur, an important center of cotton products and their most important port was Puhar or Kaveripattinam.

QUESTION: 2

What was the important port of eastern coast in the Sangam age?

Solution:

A is the correct option.The Sangam period, or Sangam Age is the period of history of ancient Tamil Nadu and Kerala and parts of Sri Lanka (then known as Tamilakam) spanning from c. 6th century BCE to c. 3rd century CE.
Erythraean Sea refers to Korkai as Colchis and Ptolemy, an Egyptian geographer calls it Kolkhai. Multiple classical works of the Sangam literature. 
 

QUESTION: 3

What was the important port on the western coast in the Sangam age?

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

Which of the following was a great centre of cotton trade?

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

Which Roman wrote: “In no year does India draw our empire of less than five hundred and fifty millions of sesterces”?

Solution:

The correct option is A
Pliny wrote: “In no year does India draw our empire of less than five hundred and fifty millions of sesterces”.

QUESTION: 6

On which of the following imports from India the Roman senate laid an embargo as it was a menace to the city’s morals?

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

The existence of the monsoon winds, blowing across the Indian ocean was discovered by

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

The Tamil poetry in Sangam period was divided into two main groups, namely

Solution:

D is the correct option.Both Ettutogai and Pattuppattu were divided into two main groups – Aham (love) and Puram (valour). During the post-Sangam period, Pathinenkilkanakku or eighteen works dealing with ethics and morals was composed. The most important among them is Tirukkural written by Thiruvalluvar.

QUESTION: 9

Match the following :

Solution:

A is the correct option.

  • Arikamedu is an archaeological site in Southern India, in Kakkayanthope, Ariyankuppam Commune, Puducherry. 
  • The 1st century CE Greco-Roman text Periplus of the Erythraean Sea refers to Korkai as Colchis 
  • Tyndis Port also has some vague reference as 'Tondi' in Sangam period literature. 
  • Bharuch formerly known as Broach, is a city at the mouth of the river Narmada in Gujarat in ... It was known to the Greeks and Romans as Barygaza, and probably had a settlement of Greek traders. 
  • Kannur is an ancient port town that finds mention in Greek literature as the port of Naura. In medieval history, Kannur was one of the most important trading ports 
     
QUESTION: 10

Magasthenes refers to the rule of Heracles’ (Vasudeva Krishna’s) daughter who was assigned villages to rule in Southern region, and who was probably the founder of Pandya kingdom. Identify her.

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

Which of the following foreign authors say something about Sangam age?

I. Pliny, the Elder
II. Strabo
III. Author of the Periplus of the Erythrean sea
IV. Ptolemy

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

What was the royal emblem for the Cholas?

Solution:

B is the correct option.The Tiger or Jumping Tiger was the royal emblem of the Cholas and was depicted on coins, seals and banners.

QUESTION: 13

Which one of the following Tamil kings have sent the earliest embassy, (according to Strabo) which was met by Augustus at Athens about 20 B.C.?

Solution:

C is the correct option. Nicolaus of Damascus describes an embassy sent by the Indian king Porus (Pandya) to Caesar Augustus. The embassy traveled with a diplomatic letter on a skin in Greek. One of its members was a sramana who burned himself alive in Athens to demonstrate his faith. 

QUESTION: 14

Which of the following kings made a grand anicut on the Kaveri, the water of which is now-a-days drawn off through a new channel called Vennar?

Solution:

A is the correct option.In spite of being one of the glorious kings, “King Karikalan” is well known till this day for his monumental undertaking and completion of "Kaveri river –Kallanai dam (Grand Anicut) Irrigation project" that is fully functional till this day. River Kaveri is the greatest river of Chola Kingdom (Tamil Nadu).

QUESTION: 15

Match the following Tamil works with their authors:

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

Which one of the following Chera kings is the brother of Ilango, the author of the Sangam epic ‘Silappadikaram’?

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

What were the ‘ma’ and ‘vedi’ in Sangam period?

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

The division of Sangam society was made according to the region of the Tamil land to which the poem referred. Match the Tamil words with the regions they are associated with:

Solution:

Palai - The dry lands
Mullai - The jungle and woodland
Kurinji - The Hills
Neydal - The coast 
Marudam - The cultivated plains 


Kurinji (the hilly region), Mullai (the pastoral region), Marutham (the cultivable land), Neithal (the coastal region), and Palai (the desert-like region). The people of Kurinji were essentially hunters. As the Mullai was a pastoral land, the people were cowhereds or shepherds and they were known as Kovalar or Ayar.

QUESTION: 19

Which two of the Rock Edicts of Ashoka mention the Southern kingdoms Cholas, Pandyas, Satiyaputra, Keralaputra and Ceylon?

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

TheRomans, trading with the Sangam kingdoms build a temple of Augustus at one of the following places. What is the name of that place?

Solution:

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