Test: Vedic Culture - 3


30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: Vedic Culture - 3


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QUESTION: 1

A God who is described amoral, and object of fear, archer god whose arrow caused disease, connected with the storm, and the guardian of healing herbs, is known as:

Solution:

Rudra is a Rigvedic deity, associated with wind or storm and the hunt. One translation of the name is "the roarer". In the Rigveda, Rudra has been praised as the "mightiest of the mighty".Rudra is the personification of 'terror'. Depending up on the periodic situation, Rudra can be meant as the most severe roarer/howler (could be a hurricane or tempest) or the most frightening one.According to Rigveda, Rudra also means Vayu.The Shri Rudram hymn from the Yajurveda is dedicated to Rudra, and is important in the Saivism sect.

QUESTION: 2

Which of the following statements on the Battle of Ten Kings is not correct?

Solution:

The correct answer is D as sudas was not defeated therefore it is not correct about battle of kings.

QUESTION: 3

Which of the following was one of the reasons for the growth in royal power in the later Vedic period?

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

Which of the following were found in the later Vedic period?

Solution:

A is the correct option.The Vedic Era saw the emergence of Painted Grey Ware(PGW) Culture. The Rig Vedic sites have PGW but iron objects and cereals are absent. Hence it is considered a pre-iron phase of PGW. On the other hand, the Later Vedic sites are considered iron-phase of PGW.

QUESTION: 5

Gramani was known as king maker or Raja-Katri, which of the following is the name for the head of the tribal-republic?

Solution:
QUESTION: 6

Match the following:

Solution:

A is the correct option.The political units during the Rig Vedic or the early Vedic period comprised of Grama (village), Vish and Jana. The king ruled with the consent and approval of the people and the prime duty of the king were to protect the tribe in which assisted by the above ratnis and officials. 
AKSHVAPA has the job of accountant.
BHAGADHUGA as the revenue collector
KSHATTRI as the chambarian
ADHIKARITA as the village official
GOVIKARTANA as keeper of games and forests.

QUESTION: 7

The progenitor of the solar dynasty of Ayodhya was

Solution:

B is the correct option.King Saumitra was Last ruler of Ikshvakuvansh / Suryavansha. He was driven out of Ayodhya by the Magadhan Emperor Mahapadma Nandā.
Although, both the Hindu Puranas and the Buddhist texts include Shuddodhana, Gautama Buddha and Rahula in their accounts of the Ikshvaku dynasty, but according to the Buddhist texts, Mahasammata, an ancestor of Ikshvaku was the founder of this dynasty, who was elected by the people as the first king of the present era.
 

QUESTION: 8

How did kingship originate according to the Aitareya Brahmana?

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

Which of the following theories of the origin of the state is not mentioned in the Vedic literature?

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QUESTION: 10

Which of the following statements is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

Which of the following forms of marriages was regarded as most blameworthy?

Solution:

In ancient India, mythology and historical records show that there are eight different types of Hindu marriages. However, not all followed a religious sanction; they were recognised by many communities that followed Hinduism. It is still arguable that a lot of them can be seen among Hindus today.

There are eight types of Hindu matrimonies, these are; Brahma, Daiva, Arsha, Prajapatya, Gandharva, Asura, Rakshasa and Paishaca.

A Rakshasa marriage is much like a fairytale. The groom will forge battles with the bride’s family, overcome them and carry the bride away to convince her to marry him. Because of the forcible methods used in this marriage type, it is not considered right. A girl should not be wooed this way to tie the wedding knot with a groom.

QUESTION: 12

Which of the following was one of the important and elaborate sacrifices of the Vedic period?

Solution:

D is the correct option.
The Vedas prescribe performance of the Aswamedha(sacrifice of horse) and the Rajasuya yagna for kings as a means to establish their sovereignty. The Gita extols the Vedic yagna or sacrifice as beneficial to all and it is compared to the mythical cow Kamadenu. …
VAJAPEYA was a yajna or sacrifice performed by the ancient kings of India who considered themselves powerful enough to be an emperor. 

QUESTION: 13

Which one of the following statements about the trade and commerce in the later Vedic period is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

In the later Vedic period king became powerful and ruled over territory. Which of the following was not one of the important seats of the Vedic kings ?

Solution:

E is the correct option.Tamralipta or Tamralipti was a city in ancient Bengal, located on the Bay of Bengal in ... It was linked by roads with the major towns of that time, i.e. Rajagriha, Shravasti. Almost forgotten, the port of Tamralipti finds several mentions across ancient world literature. 

QUESTION: 15

Which of the following statements about the administrative system of the early Vedic period is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

Which one of following was a judicial punishment in the Vedic period?

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

Which one of the following statements about upanishad is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

The earliest clear reference to the four ashramas of the student, house-holder, forest hermit, and recluse is found in the:

Solution:

A is the correct option.The Jabala Upanishad, also called Jabalopanisad, is a minor Upanishad of Hinduism. The Sanskrit text is one of the 20 Sannyasa Upanishads, and is attached to the Shukla Yajurveda. The Jabala Upanishad is an ancient text, composed before 300 CE. It provides earliest clear reference to the four ashramas of the student, house-holder, forest hermit, and recluse.

QUESTION: 19

With the growth of royal power came the administrative machinery. Later Samahitas refer to the Ritnins. Who are they?

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

The city of Hastinapur was washed away during the reign of

Solution:

Correct Answer:C

According to the Matsya and vayu puranas a heavy flood on the river Ganga destroyed Hastinapura and Nichakshu, the fifth king after parikshit (Arjuna’s grand son) who ascended the throne after kurukshetra war, shifted his capital to kausambi, 50 kilomters from prayagraj.

QUESTION: 21

The monarch who had made conquests in all the four directions was termed by the Aitariya Brahmana as

Solution:

The Aiatareya Brahmana applies the terms Samrat, bhoja , viraj and rajas to the rulers of the east, south, north and the middle country and reserved the terms ekarat and savabhauma for those who had conquered the kings in four directions. 

QUESTION: 22

The term Bharata after which the country Bharatvarsha was eventually named appears first in

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

Which one of the following was the centre of Aryan activity in the later Vedic period?

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

Which one of the following was the centre of Aryan activity in the Rig Vedic period?

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

Rig Veda was the earliest composition among the Vedas, but which Veda was partly a prose work?

Solution:

B is the correct option.Adhyayas of Yajur Veda, made up partly of verses and partly of prose, contain a number of prayers and sacrificial formulae. Extensive details for carrying out different sacrifices are given in the chapters of the Yajur Veda.

QUESTION: 26

Which of the following Vedangas contains the Srauta, the Griha and the Dharma sutras

Solution:
QUESTION: 27

Which one of the following was the prevalent method of the disposal of the dead in the Vedic period?

Solution:

C is the correct option.From the earliest Vedic times cremation was the most common means of disposing of a body. There is, however, written evidence that burial and post burial ceremonies also occurred during the Vedic period. ... Cremation had become the only orthodox method for the disposal of the dead.

QUESTION: 28

Which one of the following abstract deities of the Vedic religion has been admired most in the Rig Veda?

Solution:

B is the correct option.Ushas is the most exalted goddess in the Rig Veda, but not as important or central as the three male Vedic deities Agni, Soma and Indra. She is on par with other major male Vedic deities.

QUESTION: 29

Which scriptures abound in the discussions and teachings of the early mystics?

Solution:
QUESTION: 30

Match the following rivers according to their ancient names:

Solution:

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