Test: When People Rebel 1857 And After - 1


10 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: When People Rebel 1857 And After - 1


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QUESTION: 1

By the mid 18th century, what actually happened to the Nawabs and Rajas in India?

Solution:

Since the mid-18th century, nawabs and rajas gradually lost their power and authority. The Company and the British government reduced their freedom, disbanded their armed forces, and took away their tax revenues and territories. Many ruling families, such as Rani Lakshmibai of Jhansi tried to negotiate with the Company to protect their interests, but they were mostly defeated and murdered.

QUESTION: 2

Which one of the following best describes a Resident with respect to British India?

Solution:

From the given statement it is clear that british were having the good knowledge for having residence. they were aware of where to reside so that they can easily control the indians as well as their kingdom.

QUESTION: 3

The attached picture shows the statue of a great personality kept in Solapur, Maharashtra. Identify her from the given clues:
She is from the kingdom of Jhansi
She wanted the East India Company to recognize her adopted son as the heir to the kingdom

Solution:
Rani Laxmibai was the famed monarch of Jhansi and an embodiment of courage at the time of British reign in India. She was one of the front ranking leaders of the Indian Rebellion of 1857 and a symbol of resistance to British rule.

Her valiant battle to ensure that her adopted son was recognized as the legal ruler of Jhansi may not have ultimately resulted in victory, but she continues to remain a beacon for the upcoming generations of freedom fighters.
QUESTION: 4

Identify this personality in the attached image, pleaded with the British to give his father's pension when the latter died?

Solution:

Nana Saheb (19 May 1824 – 1859), born as Dhondu Pant, was an Indian Peshwa of the Maratha empire, aristocrat and fighter. As the adopted son of the exiled Maratha Peshwa Baji Rao II, Nana Saheb believed that he was entitled to a pension from the East India Company, but the underlying contractual issues were rather murky. The Company's refusal to continue the pension after his father's death, as well as what he perceived as high-handed policies, compelled him to revolt and seek independence from company rule in India.

QUESTION: 5

Name the ruler of Kanpur who called himself Peshwa?

Solution:

Nana Saheb (19 May 1824 – 1859), born as Dhondu Pant, was an Indian Peshwa of the Maratha empire, aristocrat and fighter, who led the rebellion in Cawnpore (Kanpur) during the 1857 uprising.

QUESTION: 6

Identify the kingdom based on the clues given
One of the last territories to be annexed by the British
A subsidiary alliance was imposed here on 1801 and later taken over in 1856 by the British
Lord Dalhousie declared that the territory was being misgoverned and British rule was need to ensure proper administration

Solution: Awadh could not be annexed on the basis of the Doctrine of Lapse as Wajid Ali Shah, the then Nawab of Awadh has several successors. Awadh was formally annexed to the British Empire in India on 7 Feb 1856 when the reigning monarch, Wajid Ali Shah , refused to sign a treaty handling over the administration to east India company, with this act Lord Dalhousie brought to a logical end the progressive subordination of Awadh to British economic and political control that begun with the battle of buxar. He annexed Awadh in the name of “good of the governed”, condemning the Nawab for misrule the Nawab for misrule and ill administration.
QUESTION: 7

Name the Governor General who declared that Awadh was being misgoverned and British rule was needed to ensure proper administration.

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

What did the East India Company do from the coins minted by the Company?

Solution:

During their dominance of India, the company established their own coinage. they initially built a mint in bombay in 1672. at first they competed against a number of regional mints but, because of their control of the country, in 1835 they absorbed the competition. the largest of these belonged to the mughal empire and the directorates of marathas and rajputs. despite the fact that the east india company was a non-government entity, after it consolidated india’s existing mints it became the sole issuer and controller of india’s circulating money until 1858. Hence the correct answer is option (A).

QUESTION: 9

What did Lord Dalhousie announce after the death of King Bahadur Shah Zafar?

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

In 1856, which Governor General decided that Bahadur Shah Zafar was the last Mughal King and none of his descendants would be recognized as Kings hereafter?

Solution: Lord canning was governer general of india that time. he has the power to do so.