Test: Women Caste And Reform - 2


20 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: Women Caste And Reform - 2


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QUESTION: 1

His support for women upliftment made him pass the Widow Remarriage Act of 1856. Who is being referred to here?

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QUESTION: 2

The Mohammedan Anglo Oriental College was founded by

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QUESTION: 3

In the Telugu speaking areas of the Madras Presidency an association was formed for widow remarriage. Name the personality behind this, who is also called the Vidyasagar of the south.

Solution:

The correct answer is option (D). Rao Bahadur Kandukuri Veerasalingam Pantulu (16 April 1848 – 27 May 1919) was a social reformer and writer of Madras Presidency, British India. He is considered as the father of renaissance movement in Telugu. He was one of the early social reformers who encouraged women's education, remarriage of widows which was not supported by the society during his time and fought against dowry system.

QUESTION: 4

Who founded Arya Samaj, an organization that attempted to reform Hinduism?

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

Name the person who founded the Theosophical Society in India.

Solution:

option ( a) Annie Besant is the correct answer. 

Explanation:-  

The Theosophical society moved it's main office to Chennai ( Adyar) India in 1885 and brought many Indians into  the movement. Annie Besant, who followed Blavatsky, was the most prominent of the Western Theosophical leaders in India. She served as the head of the Theosophical society from 1907 up to her death in 1993.

QUESTION: 6

Identify the personality based on the clues :
Born in a poor Brahmin family, he was a great Sanskrit scholar who became the Principal of a Sanskrit College
He spent his life for the upliftment of women and girls and was instrumental in the passing of Widow Remarriage Act 1856 He opposed the monopoly of the Brahmans on the study of Sanskrit

Solution:

The focus of his social reform was women — and he spent his life’s energies trying to ensure an end to the practice of child marriage and initiate widow remarriage. He argued, on the basis of scriptures and old commentaries, in favour of the remarriage of widows in the same way as Roy did for the abolition of Sati.
Born in a poor Brahmin family , he was a great Sanskrit scholar who became the Principal of a Sanskrit College
He spent his life for the upliftment of women and girls and was instrumental in the passing of Widow Remarriage Act 1856
He opposed the monopoly of the Brahmans on the study of Sanskrit.

QUESTION: 7

Considered as the Grand Old Man of India, he is one of the co-founders of the Indian National Congress, he also fought for the legal rights of women 

Solution:

Correct Answer :- d

Explanation:- Dadabhai Naoroji (4 September 1825 – 30 June 1917) also known as the "Grand Old Man of India" and "official Ambassador of India" was an Indian Parsi scholar, trader and politician who was a Liberal Party member of Parliament (MP) in the United Kingdom House of Commons between 1892 and 1895, and the first Asian to be a British MP,notwithstanding the Anglo-Indian MP David Ochterlony Dyce Sombre, who was disenfranchised for corruption after nine months. Naoroji was one of the founding members of the Indian National Congress.

QUESTION: 8

Name the social reformer who worked for the upliftment of women in Maharashtra

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QUESTION: 9

Followers of Brahmo Samaj started another one in Bombay in 1867. Name this Samaj that fought against social customs like child marriage and remarriage for widows.

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QUESTION: 10

Name the personality, from the list given below, who secretly learned to read and write in the flickering light of candles at night.

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QUESTION: 11

In which language women of the aristocratic Muslim households of North India learnt to read and write the Koran?

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QUESTION: 12

Who was the important reformer who reinterpreted verses from the Koran to argue for women's education

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QUESTION: 13

In which century did the first Urdu novels began to be written?

Solution:

Humanist Urdu literature became fully developed in the last third of the 19th century. The novel was the foremost genre, as seen in the didactic novels of Nazir Ahmad (1836–1912), the adventure novels of R. Sarshar (1846 or 1847 to 1903), the historical novels of Abdul-Halim Sharar (1860–1926), and the socially oriented novels of Mirza Rusva (1858–1931). Humanism and patriotism typified the poetry and literary criticism of Muhammad Husain Azad (1829–1910), Hali (1837–1914), and Muhammad Shibli Numani (1857–1914).

QUESTION: 14

Who from Bhopal, from the early 20th century, played a notable role in promoting education among women and founded a primary school for girls

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

Where did the first primary school for girls start at?

Solution:

Country's first school for girls was started at Bhide Wada in Pune. On 1st Jan. 1848, India's first school for girls was started at Bhide Wada in Pune by Mahatma Jotiba Phule and Savitribai Phule.

QUESTION: 16

Name the person who started schools for Muslim girls in Patna and Calcutta and encouraged education for Muslim girls.

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QUESTION: 17

Name the important women personality who wrote and published a book Stripurushtulna, criticising the social differences between men and women

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QUESTION: 18

Identify this personality who was a great scholar in Sanskrit. She also founded a widows home at Poona to provide shelter to widows who had been treated badly by their husbands relatives

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QUESTION: 19

Who translated an old Buddhist text that was critical of caste.

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QUESTION: 20

Which of the following adhered to the tradition of Bhakti that believed in spiritual equality of all castes?

Solution:

The Prarthana Samaj adhered to the tradition of Bhakti that believed in spiritual equality of all castes.

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