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Test: FIR System Structures - 1


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15 Questions MCQ Test Signals and Systems | Test: FIR System Structures - 1

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Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 1

 In general, an FIR system is described by the difference equation:

Detailed Solution for Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 1

Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 2

Which of the following is an method for implementing an FIR system?

Detailed Solution for Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 2
  • There are several structures for implementing an FIR system, beginning with the simplest structure, called the direct form.
  • There are several other methods like cascade form realization, frequency sampling realization and lattice realization which are used for implementing and FIR system.
Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 3

 The direct form realization is often called a transversal or tapped-delay-line filter.

Detailed Solution for Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 3

The structure of the direct form realization, resembles a tapped delay line or a transversal system.

Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 4

What is the general system function of an FIR system?

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Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 5

How many memory locations are used for storage of the output point of a sequence of length M in direct form realization?

Detailed Solution for Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 5
  • The direct form realization follows immediately from the non-recursive difference equation given by 
  • We observe that this structure requires M-1 memory locations for storing the M-1 previous inputs.
Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 6

What is the condition of M, if the structure according to the direct form is as follows?

Detailed Solution for Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 6
  • When the FIR system has linear phase, the unit sample response of the system satisfies either the symmetry or asymmetry condition, h(n)= ±h(M-1-n)
  • For such a system the number of multiplications is reduced from M to M/2 for M even and to (M-1)/2 for M odd. Thus for the structure given in the question, M is odd.
Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 7

By combining two pairs of poles to form a fourth order filter section, by what factor we have reduced the number of multiplications?

Detailed Solution for Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 7
  • We have to do 3 multiplications for every second order equation.
  • So, we have to do 6 multiplications if we combine two second order equations and we have to perform 3 multiplications by directly calculating the fourth order equation.
  • Thus the number of multiplications are reduced by a factor of 50%.
Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 8

The desired frequency response is specified at a set of equally spaced frequencies defined by the equation:

Detailed Solution for Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 8
  • To derive the frequency sampling structure, we specify the desired frequency response at a set of equally spaced frequencies, namely:
  • ωk=2π / M(k+α) ,k=0,1…(M-1)/2 for M odd
  • k=0,1….(M/2)-1 for M even α = 0 or 0.5.
Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 9

 The realization of FIR filter by frequency sampling realization can be viewed as cascade of how many filters?

Detailed Solution for Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 9
  • In frequency sampling realization, the system function H(z) is characterized by the set of frequency samples {H(k+ α)} instead of {h(n)}.
  • We view this FIR filter realization as a cascade of two filters. One is an all-zero or a comb filter and the other consists of parallel bank of single pole filters with resonant frequencies.
Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 10

What is the system function of all-zero filter or comb filter?

Detailed Solution for Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 10

Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 11

 The zeros of the system function of comb filter are located:

Detailed Solution for Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 11

Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 12

 What is the system function of the second filter other than comb filter in the realization of FIR filter?

Detailed Solution for Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 12

Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 13

 Where does the poles of the system function of the second filter locate?

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Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 14

When the desired frequency response characteristic of the FIR filter is narrowband, most of the gain parameters {H(k+α)} are zero.

Detailed Solution for Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 14

Explanation: When the desired frequency response characteristic of the FIR filter is narrowband, most of the gain parameters {H(k+α)} are zero. Consequently, the corresponding resonant filters can be eliminated and only the filters with nonzero gains need be retained.

Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 15

Which of the following filters have a cascade realization as shown below?

Detailed Solution for Test: FIR System Structures - 1 - Question 15

Explanation: The system function of the FIR filter according to the frequency sampling realization is given by the equation

The above system function can be represented in the cascade form as shown in the above block diagram.

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