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QUESTION: 1

Consider an inverting amplifier with a nominal gain of 1000 constructed from an op amp with an input offset voltage of 3 mV and with output saturation levels of ±10 V. What is (approximately) the peak sine-wave input signal that can be applied without output clipping?

Solution:

The maximum that can be sent without clipping is 10V – 1000 X 3mV or 7V.

QUESTION: 2

(Q2 & Q.3) Consider an inverting amplifier with a nominal gain of 1000 constructed from an op amp with an input offset voltage of 3 mV and with output saturation levels of ±10 V. If the effect of V_{Os}(input offset voltage) is nulled at room temperature (25_{0}C), how large an input can one now apply if:

**Q. The circuit is to operate at a constant temperature?**

Solution:

Explanation: Maximum signal that will not be clipped is 10mV because 10mV X 1000 = 10V.

QUESTION: 3

The circuit is to operate at a temperature in the range 0°C to 75°C and the temperature coefficient of V_{OS} is 10 μV/°C?

Solution:

Since the effect is nullified at 25_{o}C, the peak that can be sent now is given by 10 – (75-25) X 0.1 mV.

QUESTION: 4

One of the DC imperfections of the amplifiers are dc offset voltage which is

Solution:

DC offset voltage is existence of output signal even when the differential signal is zero.

QUESTION: 5

For the amplifier shown determine the value of the bias current (I_{b}) and input offset current (I_{o}) respectively.

Solution:

Standard mathematical expressions are used with the given variables.

QUESTION: 6

Consider the circuit shown below which reduces the impact of the input bias current. If I_{B1} = I_{B2} = Input bias current, then determine the value of R_{3} so that the output voltage (v_{0}) is not impacted by the input bias current.

Solution:

This will be possible when R_{3} has the same value as the net effect of R_{1} and R_{2}.

QUESTION: 7

Consider an inverting amplifier circuit designed using an op amp and two resistors, R_{1} = 10 kΩ and R_{2} = 1 MΩ. If the op amp is specified to have an input bias current of 100 nA and an input offset current of 10 nA, find the output dc offset voltage resulting.

Solution:

Use the mathematical definition of bias current and offset current.

QUESTION: 8

(Q.8-Q.10) Consider a Miller integrator with a time constant of 1ms and an input resistance of 10 kΩ. Let the op amp have VOS (offset voltage) = 2 mV and output saturation voltages of ±12 V.

**Q. Assuming that when the power supply is turned on the capacitor voltage is zero, how long does it take for the amplifier to saturate?**

Solution:

Use v_{O} = V_{OS}

(V_{OS}/CR)t.

QUESTION: 9

Select the largest possible value for a feedback resistor RF so that at least ±10 V of output signal swing remains available.

Solution:

Use v_{O} = V_{OS}

(V_{OS}/CR)t.

QUESTION: 10

What is the corner frequency of the resulting STC network?

Solution:

The required answer is given by 1/6 Hz.

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