When impurities are separated by the gravitation of settling particles, the operation is called _____
Explanation: In plain sedimentation, impurities are separated from a suspending fluid by use of natural forces like gravitational forces..
In which type of settling, sedimentation of discrete particles takes place?
Explanation: In Discrete settling, sedimentation of discrete particles takes place where the particles have little tendency to flocculate..
In which settling type, dilute suspension of particles takes place?
Explanation: In this type of settling, particle mass increase and it settle down due to flocculation.
In which type of sedimentation, flocculent suspension of intermediate concentration takes place?
Explanation: In type III sedimentation, inter-particle forces hold the particle together and flocculent suspension of intermediate concentration takes place..
In which type of sedimentation, flocculent suspension of high concentration takes place?
Explanation: In type IV sedimentation, flocculent suspension of high concentration takes place and particles comes in contact with each other resulting in the formation of structure..
What is the settling velocity of the particle if its diameter is 2 * 10-3cm. Given G=2.65, viscosity v=8 * 10-3cm2/Sec?
Explanation: Settling velocity of the particle is given by vs=g (G-1) d2/18v
Specific gravity G=1, g=981cm2/Sec, viscosity v=8 * 10-3cm2/Sec
vs = 981* (2.65-1) *0.002*0.002/(18*.008) = 0.13cm/Sec..
In a rectangular horizontal flow tank, the maximum permissible velocity is ____ m/Sec.
Explanation: In the rectangular tank, the ideal conditions are that the flow is horizontal, velocity is uniform in all directions and the maximum permissible limit of velocity is .03m/Sec..
The time period for which the water is stored in a sedimentation tank is called _____
Explanation: Detention period is the time period at which the water is stored in a tank. It varies for different purposes like in the septic tank or oxidation pond, its value is higher..
Settling velocity of a spherical body in a viscous fluid is given by
Explanation: According to Stokes law, settling velocity of the particle is given by
vs=g (G-1) d2/18v where G is the specific gravity, d is the diameter of spherical particles and v is the viscosity..
In a fill and draw type sedimentation tank, a detention period of ____ hours is provided.
Explanation: In this tank, water is detained for 24 hours. Then cleaning is done for 6-12 hours, so, the whole cycle of operations takes around 30-36 hours..