Which process of water treatment is done to avoid floating debris, branches, trees or other large particles suspended in water?
Explanation: Screens are used as a pretreatment process for purification of water to avoid large size suspended materials from water.
What is the size of coarse screen used in pretreatment of water?
Explanation: Coarse screens are used in the form of bars of 25mm diameter size and are spaced at 75 to 100mm centers.
The coarse screen is inclined at _____ to facilitate the cleaning or raking.
Explanation: The coarse screen is inclined at 450-600 so that they can be easily cleaned with a rake. Moreover, it reduces the flow velocity which also helps in cleaning the screen
The head loss through screen depends on
Explanation: The head loss through the screen is given by, h=B (w/b) 4/3h1*sinx Where h=head loss, h1=approach velocity head, b=minimum width, x=angle of rack, B=shape factor. It also depends on the nature of their construction.
The shape factor for circular rods in finding the head loss through the screen is _____
Explanation: The shape factor rectangular bar with sharp edges is 2.42, for semicircular face is 1.83 and for circular rod is 1.79.
Identify the incorrect statement regarding aeration process.
Explanation: Aeration reduces the carbon dioxide content and corrosiveness of water and hence, raises the pH value of water.
The reduction of carbon dioxide by cascade aerators is in the range of
Explanation:Cascade aerators are the gravity aerators in which water falls from 1-3m height such that it comes in contact with air and reduces carbon dioxide content to 50-60%.
In which type of aerator, the flow of water is divided into fine streams and small droplets?
Explanation: In Cascade aerator, the flow of water is divided into fine streams and small droplets such that they come in contact with air in their trajectories and reduces CO2 by 70-90%.
The elapsed time in gravity filter is 1sec. What is the height of fall in a single descent?
Explanation: t = 1sec, g = 9.8
Elapsed time, t = (2h/g) 1/2 in a single descent.
Height of fall, H = t2g/2 = 1*1*9.8/2= 4.9m.
______ are used in fine screen so that they do not get clogged up.
Explanation: Automatic strainers are self cleaning devices which remove solids from the flowing liquid continuously and help in fine screen so that it do not get clogged up.