Reynolds number is replaced by a modulus significant of the agitation of the fluid particles in nucleate boiling. Such a dimensionless modulus is defined by the relation
Where, D b is the average bubble diameter, G b is the mass velocity of the bubble per unit area and δ f is the fluid viscosity
This nucleate boiling regime is of great importance because of the very high heat fluxes possible with moderate temperature differences.
The bubble diameter has been expressed by Fritz as
Where, C d is a constant, σ is surface tension of the liquid and β is the bubble contact angle measured through liquid in degrees
C d is a constant which has been evaluated as 0.0148 for hydrogen and water bubbles.
What is the value of surface fluid constant for water-copper combination?
The surface fluid regime is of great importance because of the very high heat fluxex possible with moderate temperature differences.
What is the value of surface fluid constant for water-brass combination?
For H2O and Brass combination, this value must lie between 0.0056 to 0.00062.
Spherical bubbles of 3 mm diameter are observed in the bulk fluid boiling of water at standard atmospheric pressure. Assuming pure water vapor in the bubble and vapor pressure equal to 101.325 k N/m2, calculate the temperature of the vapor
T v – T sat = (2 σ/r – p g) R v T V2/p v h f g.
An electric wire of 1.25 mm diameter and 250 mm long is laid horizontally and submerged in water at 7 bar. The wire has an applied voltage of 2.2 V and carries a current of 130 amperes. If the surface of the wire is maintained at 200 degree Celsius, make calculations for the heat flux
Q= V I = 286 W and A = 9.81 * 10 -4 m2. Therefore heat flux = Q/A.
Consider the above problem, find the boiling heat transfer coefficient
Q = h A d t. So, h = 8330 W/m2 K.
Which of the following parameters affect burnout heat flux in the nucleate boiling region
(i) Heat of evaporation
(ii) Temperature difference
(iii) Density of vapor
(iv) Density of liquid
(v) Surface tension at the vapor-liquid interface
Mark the correct answer from the codes indicated below
Acc to Zuber relation, burn out (Q/A) = 0.18 p g h f g [p (p f – p g)/p g 2] 0.25 [p f/p g + p f] 0.5.
All the following statements are correct, except
A rough surface gives a better heat transmission than when the surface is either smooth or has been coated to weak its tendency to get wetted.
Milk spills over when it is boiled in an open vessel. The boiling of milk at this instant is referred to as
This is an application of sub-cooled boiling.