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SCR with a rating of 1200 V and 250 A are available to be used in a string to handle 8 kV and 1kA. The number of parallel and series units required are respectively _____ (Take derating factor is 0.2)
Derating factor = 1 – string efficiency
The figure below shows two thyristors each rated 500 A (continuous) sharing a load current. current through thyristor T2 is 120 A the current through T1 will be nearly equal to ___ (in A)
Concept
Matchedpair SCR’s are generally available for parallel connection, but they are very expensive. With unmatched SCR’s equal current sharing is enforced by adding a lowvalue resistor or inductor in series with each SCR. Forced current sharing using equalvalue resistors is shown in Figure 2. The basic requirement is to make current I_{1} close to l_{2}, a maximum difference of 20% is accept across SCR_{2}, the value of R can be obtained from.
I_{1}R + V_{1} = I_{2}R + V_{2}
R = (V_{1 }– V_{2})/(I_{2} – I_{1})
Calculation:
Voltage across 0.05 ohm resistor = 120 × 0.05 = 6 V
⇒ I_{2} = 6/0.06 = 100 A
Current through T1 will be nearly equal to 100 A
A 300 A thyristor is to be operated in parallel with a 400 A thyristor their on state voltage drops are 1.8 V and 1 V respectively. The resistance to be connected in series with each thyristor so that the current through the combination is 700 A and each of them is fully loaded is ___________(in mΩ)
Concept
Matchedpair SCR’s are generally available for parallel connection, but they are very expensive. With unmatched SCR’s equal current sharing is enforced by adding a lowvalue resistor or inductor in series with each SCR. Forced current sharing using equalvalue resistors is shown in Figure 2. The basic requirement is to make current I_{1} close to l_{2}, a maximum difference of 20% is accept across SCR_{2}, the value of R can be obtained from.
I_{1}R + V_{1} = I_{2}R + V_{2}
R = (V_{1 }– V_{2})/(I_{2} – I_{1})
Calculation:
In parallel anode to cathode voltage drops are same
1.8 + 300 R = 1.0 + 400 R
⇒ 100 R = 0.8
⇒ R = 0.008 = 8 mΩ
A 200 A thyristor is to be operated in parallel with a 300 A thyristor their on state voltage drops are 1.5 V and 1.2 V respectively. What is the value of resistance to be connected in series with each thyristor so that the current through the combination is 500 A and each of them is fully loaded. ____ (in Ω)
Concept
Matchedpair SCR’s are generally available for parallel connection, but they are very expensive. With unmatched SCR’s equal current sharing is enforced by adding a lowvalue resistor or inductor in series with each SCR. Forced current sharing using equalvalue resistors is shown in Figure 2. The basic requirement is to make current I_{1} close to l_{2}, a maximum difference of 20% is accept across SCR_{2}, the value of R can be obtained from.
I_{1}R + V_{1} = I_{2}R + V_{2}
R = (V_{1 }– V_{2})/(I_{2} – I_{1})
In parallel anode to cathode voltage drops are same
1.5 + 200 R = 1.2 + 300 R
⇒ R = 0.003 Ω
It is required to operate 150 A SCR in parallel with 250 A SCR with their respective ONState voltage drop of 1.2 V and 0.8 V. Calculate the value of resistance to be inserted in series with each SCR so that they share the total load of 400 A in proportion to their current ratings.___(in Ω)
Dynamic resistance of 150 A. SCR1 = 1.2/150 = 8 mΩ
Dynamic resistance of 250 A SCR 2 = 0.8/250
= 3.2 mΩ
Let R_{S} be the resistance inserted in series with each SCR with this
Current shared by SCR1 =
Current shared by SCR2 =
⇒ 16 + 5 Rs = 3 Rs + 24
⇒ Rs = 0.004
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