Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - UPSC MCQ

# Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - UPSC MCQ

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## 20 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods

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Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 1

### How much did Ramalingam pay to his workers

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 1
Question: How much did Ramalingam pay to his workers?

The amount Ramalingam paid to his workers can be determined by examining the given options.
Options:
A: 40 rupees per day
B: 150 rupees per day
C: 100 rupees per day
D: 200 rupees per day
Explanation:
To determine how much Ramalingam paid to his workers, we can refer to the given options and identify the correct answer.
- Option A states that Ramalingam paid 40 rupees per day to his workers.
- Option B states that Ramalingam paid 150 rupees per day to his workers.
- Option C states that Ramalingam paid 100 rupees per day to his workers.
- Option D states that Ramalingam paid 200 rupees per day to his workers.
Since the correct answer is A, we can conclude that Ramalingam paid 40 rupees per day to his workers.
Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 2

### When there is no work in the farm, what farmers do then

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 2
When there is no work in the farm, what farmers do then?
Farmers have various options to consider when there is no work in the farm. Here are some possible actions they might take:
1. Work somewhere else:
- Many farmers choose to seek employment in other sectors during the off-season or when there is no work in the farm.
- They may take up temporary jobs in construction, landscaping, or other manual labor industries.
- Some farmers also explore opportunities in nearby farms or agricultural businesses where there is work available.
2. Explore alternative sources of income:
- During the off-season, farmers may explore alternative sources of income to sustain themselves and their families.
- They may consider starting small businesses, such as selling homemade goods or crafts, operating a roadside stand, or offering services like carpentry or repair work.
3. Invest in farm maintenance and improvements:
- When there is no work in the farm, farmers can utilize this time to focus on farm maintenance and improvements.
- They may repair or upgrade existing infrastructure, such as barns, fences, or irrigation systems.
- Additionally, farmers can invest time in soil testing, crop planning, and researching new farming techniques to enhance productivity in the upcoming season.
4. Take rest and spend time with family:
- Farming can be physically demanding, and the off-season provides an opportunity for farmers to take much-needed rest and spend quality time with their families.
- They can engage in recreational activities, pursue hobbies, or simply relax and rejuvenate before the next busy season.
5. Attend training and educational programs:
- Farmers can utilize the downtime to attend training programs, workshops, or agricultural seminars to enhance their knowledge and skills.
- These programs can provide valuable insights into the latest farming practices, technology advancements, and market trends, enabling farmers to improve their farming techniques and profitability.
It is important to note that the actions taken by farmers during the no-work period may vary depending on factors such as location, available resources, and personal circumstances.
Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 3

### Which of the following village is in Tamil Nadu

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 3

The correct option is B.

Kalpattu is a large village located in Polur Taluk of Tiruvannamalai district, Tamil Nadu with a total 649 families residing. The Kalpattu village has a population of 2428 of which 1216 are males while 1212 are females as per Population Census 2011.

Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 4

Which of the following states of India has the highest poverty ratio?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 4

States and Poverty Ratio:
1. Orissa: The poverty ratio in Orissa is not specified.
2. Bihar: Bihar has the highest poverty ratio among the given states.
3. Punjab: The poverty ratio in Punjab is not specified.
4. Assam: The poverty ratio in Assam is not specified.
Highest Poverty Ratio:
- Among the given states, Bihar has the highest poverty ratio.
- The poverty ratio in Bihar is not mentioned, but it is known to have a high poverty rate compared to other states.
- Poverty in Bihar is attributed to various factors such as low agricultural productivity, lack of industrial development, and inadequate infrastructure.
Conclusion:
- Bihar has the highest poverty ratio among the given states.
- The poverty ratio for Orissa, Punjab, and Assam is not specified.
Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 5

What is basic occupation of 80% of Indians?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 5

Correct option is A. Agriculture

Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 6

What is the working time in paddy field in Kalpattu

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 6
Working Time in Paddy Field in Kalpattu:
The working time in the paddy field in Kalpattu is from 8.30 am to 4.30 pm. Here is a detailed explanation:
Reasoning:
- The question asks for the working time in the paddy field in Kalpattu.
- The options provided are A, B, C, and D, each with a different time range.
- We need to determine the correct working time based on the given options.
Evaluating the Options:
- Option A: 8.30 am to 7.30 pm - This is a long working hour, which is unlikely for paddy field work.
- Option B: 8.30 am to 4.30 pm - This is a reasonable working hour and falls within a typical workday.
- Option C: 8.30 am to 6.30 pm - This is also a reasonable working hour, but it is not the same as option B.
- Option D: 8.30 am to 5.30 pm - This is also a reasonable working hour, but it is not the same as option B.
Conclusion:
Based on the evaluation of the options, the correct working time in the paddy field in Kalpattu is 8.30 am to 4.30 pm (option B).
Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 7

Which animals milk does Ramalingam sell in local milk cooperatives

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 7
Animals whose milk Ramalingam sells in local milk cooperatives:
- Hybrid Cow: Ramalingam sells milk from hybrid cows in local milk cooperatives.
- Hybrid Goat: Ramalingam does not sell milk from hybrid goats in local milk cooperatives.
- Hybrid Buffalo: Ramalingam does not sell milk from hybrid buffaloes in local milk cooperatives.
- Hybrid Sheep: Ramalingam does not sell milk from hybrid sheep in local milk cooperatives.
Therefore, the correct answer is A. Of hybrid - cow.
Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 8

If the farmers fails to repayment of loan he commits

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 8

If a farmer fails to repay a loan, it can lead to a range of consequences. However, the most common outcome is that the farmer will commit suicide. This is a tragic reality in many parts of the world, where farmers face immense financial pressure and are often unable to repay their loans.
Here is a detailed explanation of the consequences farmers may face when they fail to repay their loans:
1. Financial Burden:
- Farmers already face significant financial challenges due to factors like unpredictable weather conditions, rising input costs, and market fluctuations.
- When they are unable to repay their loans, the financial burden becomes even more overwhelming, leading to increased stress and anxiety.
2. Mental Health Issues:
- The inability to repay loans can take a toll on the mental health of farmers.
- They may experience feelings of hopelessness, despair, and depression, which can ultimately lead to thoughts of suicide.
3. Social Stigma:
- In many communities, there is a social stigma associated with loan default.
- Farmers may face criticism, judgment, and isolation from their peers and society, further exacerbating their emotional distress.
4. Lack of Support:
- Farmers often lack access to proper support systems, such as counseling services or financial assistance programs.
- This lack of support can make it even more challenging for them to cope with the financial and emotional pressures they are facing.
5. Suicide:
- Unfortunately, suicide is a tragic outcome that some farmers choose when they see no way out of their financial difficulties.
- The stress, shame, and despair become overwhelming, leading them to believe that ending their lives is the only solution.
It is crucial to address the root causes of farmer distress and provide them with the necessary support and resources to prevent such tragic outcomes. This includes implementing policies that promote sustainable farming practices, providing financial education and assistance, and improving mental health services for farmers.
Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 9

What does Ramalingam do with the rice produce in his rice mills

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 9

Question: What does Ramalingam do with the rice produce in his rice mills?
Ramalingam sells the rice produce from his rice mills to traders in nearby towns.
Explanation:
Below are the possible options and the correct answer:
- A: He distributes it to the poors
- B: He sells to the government
- C: He sells to villagers
- D: He sells to traders in nearby towns
The correct answer is D, which means Ramalingam sells the rice produce to traders in nearby towns. Here is a breakdown of the options:
- A: Ramalingam does not distribute the rice produce to the poor.
- B: Ramalingam does not sell the rice produce to the government.
- C: Ramalingam does not sell the rice produce to the villagers.
- D: Ramalingam sells the rice produce to traders in nearby towns.
This indicates that Ramalingam's main business model is to sell the rice produce to traders in nearby towns for further distribution or sale.
Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 10

Who was Thulasi

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 10
Who was Thulasi?
Thulasi was an individual who belonged to a specific occupation. Let's explore the options given and identify the correct answer.
A: Moneylender
- Thulasi was not a moneylender.
B: Agricultural labour
- Thulasi was indeed an agricultural labourer. This means that they were involved in farming activities and worked on the land.
C: Doctor
- Thulasi was not a doctor. They did not have medical expertise.
D: Contractor
- Thulasi was not a contractor. They were not involved in managing or overseeing construction projects.
Based on the given options, the correct answer is B: Agricultural labour. Thulasi worked as an agricultural labourer, carrying out tasks related to farming and land cultivation.
Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 11

Phek district is in

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 11
Location of Phek District:
- Phek district is located in the northeastern part of India.
- It is situated in the state of Nagaland.
Options:
A: Mizoram
B: Tripura
C: Nagaland
D: Assam
Detailed
- Phek district is not located in Mizoram (Option A), as it is a separate state in the northeastern region.
- Phek district is not located in Tripura (Option B), as it is another state in the northeastern part of India.
- Phek district is located in Nagaland (Option C). Nagaland is a state in northeastern India, and Phek district is one of its districts.
- Phek district is not located in Assam (Option D), which is another state in the northeastern region.
Conclusion:
Therefore, the correct answer is C. Nagaland, as Phek district is located in Nagaland.
Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 12

Sekar probably get ___ bags of paddy from his field

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 12

Sekar probably get 60 bags of paddy from his field

Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 13

What is the main occupation of people living in rural areas

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 13
Main Occupation of People Living in Rural Areas
In rural areas, the main occupation of people is typically working on farms. This is because rural areas are characterized by agricultural activities and a strong dependence on the land for livelihood. Here are some key points to consider:
1. Working on Farms: Agriculture is the primary source of income for people living in rural areas. They engage in various farming activities, including crop cultivation, livestock rearing, and poultry farming.
2. Subsistence Farming: Many rural communities rely on subsistence farming, where they grow crops and raise animals for their own consumption. This helps them meet their basic food needs.
3. Commercial Farming: Some individuals in rural areas engage in commercial farming, where they produce agricultural products on a larger scale for sale in local markets or to wholesalers.
4. Agribusiness: In addition to farming, people in rural areas may also be involved in agribusiness activities such as processing agricultural products, packaging, and marketing.
5. Supporting Farming: Apart from direct farming activities, people in rural areas also engage in supporting roles like agricultural machinery repair, irrigation system maintenance, and providing transportation services for agricultural products.
6. Other Occupations: While farming is the primary occupation, people in rural areas may also have secondary occupations such as handicrafts, beekeeping, fishing, or working in local small-scale industries.
Overall, the main occupation of people living in rural areas is working on farms, as agriculture plays a crucial role in their livelihood and sustenance.
Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 14

Which of the following are the non farming activities
II. Irrigation
III. Utensils making
IV. Pots making
V. Harvesting

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 14

The correct option is B.
Rural non-farm work includes all the economic activities which are not related to farming or agricultural activities. The rural non-farm activities include handicrafts making, making of pots and utensils, repairs, construction, mining, household manufacturing, making bullock-carts, etc.

Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 15

There are people in the village provide ___ such as blacksmiths, nurses, teachers , washer men etc

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 15

Question Analysis:
The question asks for the category of people in a village who provide certain services or occupations.
The correct answer is B: Services. Here's why:
1. Definition of Services: Services refer to activities or actions performed by individuals or businesses to fulfill the needs and wants of others.
2. Examples of Services: The question mentions various occupations such as blacksmiths, nurses, teachers, washermen, etc. These are all examples of services provided by individuals in a village.
3. Characteristics of Services: Services are intangible, meaning they cannot be touched or felt. They are typically consumed at the same time they are produced and cannot be stored or transported like goods.
4. Contrast with Goods: Goods, on the other hand, are tangible items that can be seen, touched, and stored. They are typically produced in one place and consumed in another.
5. Importance of Services: Services play a crucial role in the functioning of society and the economy. They contribute to the well-being and development of communities by meeting various needs and providing essential support.
In conclusion, the people in the village mentioned in the question provide services such as blacksmithing, nursing, teaching, and washing. These services contribute to the overall functioning and well-being of the community.
Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 16

Which type of food do the people of Tamil Nadu eat?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 16
People of Tamil Nadu eat the following types of food:
- Idli: Idli is a popular South Indian dish made from fermented rice and black lentils. It is a steamed cake-like dish served with sambar (a lentil soup) and chutney. Idli is a staple breakfast item in Tamil Nadu.
- Dosa: Dosa is another popular South Indian dish that is widely consumed in Tamil Nadu. It is made from fermented rice and urad dal (a type of lentil) batter, which is spread thin on a hot griddle and cooked until crispy. Dosa is often served with sambar and chutney.
- Upma: Upma is a traditional Tamil Nadu dish made from semolina or coarse rice flour cooked with vegetables and spices. It is commonly eaten for breakfast or as a snack.
Conclusion:
The people of Tamil Nadu eat a variety of foods, including idli, dosa, and upma. These dishes are an integral part of their cuisine and are commonly consumed for breakfast or as snacks.
Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 17

Arrange the following process of agriculture in a sequence
I. Weeding
II. Transplanting
III. Harvesting
Options are as follows

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 17

D is the correct option. The correct sequence is
Transplanting ⇒ Weeding ⇒ Harvesting
The process actually includes-
(i) Preparation of soil.
(ii) Sowing.
(iv) Irrigation.
(v) Protection from weeds.
(vi) Harvesting.

Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 18

Nearly ____ of all rural families are agricultural labourers

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 18

B is the correct option.In India, nearly two-fifths of all rural families are agricultural labourers. Some of them have small plots while other are landless and works on other's land for the livelihood. They are not being able to earn sufficient money to carry out their families.

Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 19

For about four months people of village do not go for catching fish because

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 19
Reasons why people of the village do not go for catching fish for four months:
1. Fish Breeding Season:
- The main reason why people of the village do not go for catching fish for four months is because it is the fish breeding season.
- During this time, fish reproduce and lay their eggs, which requires a peaceful and undisturbed environment.
- To ensure the survival and growth of fish populations, it is essential to avoid fishing during their breeding season.
2. Protecting Fish Stocks:
- By refraining from catching fish during the breeding season, the village community is actively participating in the conservation and sustainability of fish stocks.
- Allowing fish to breed and reproduce without human interference helps maintain the ecological balance of the marine ecosystem.
3. Ensuring Future Fish Supply:
- By giving fish the opportunity to breed and reproduce, the village community is ensuring a future supply of fish.
- Allowing the fish population to replenish itself during the breeding season contributes to a more consistent and sustainable fish supply in the long run.
4. Environmental Awareness:
- The decision to abstain from fishing during the breeding season demonstrates the village community's environmental awareness and commitment to responsible fishing practices.
- By respecting the natural life cycle of fish, they are actively taking steps to preserve the marine environment and its biodiversity.
5. Supporting Local Economy:
- While the villagers may temporarily halt fishing during the breeding season, this period can be utilized for other economic activities related to the sea, such as boat maintenance, repairing fishing nets, or engaging in alternative livelihoods.
- This approach ensures the long-term viability of the local fishing industry and supports the economic well-being of the community.
In conclusion, the villagers refrain from catching fish for four months primarily because it is the fish breeding season. This decision is motivated by the need to protect fish stocks, ensure future fish supply, demonstrate environmental awareness, and support the local economy.
Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 20

People of Chizami village do ___ cultivation

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Rural Livelihoods - Question 20

Chizami is a village in Phek district in Nagaland. The people of this village do terrace farming. They have their own individual fields. But, they also work collectively in each other's fields. They form groups of six or eight and take an entire mountain side to clean the needs on it. Each group eats together once their work for the day is over.

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