Practice Test: Indian Polity - 15


25 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Practice Test: Indian Polity - 15


Description
This mock test of Practice Test: Indian Polity - 15 for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 25 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Practice Test: Indian Polity - 15 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Practice Test: Indian Polity - 15 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this Practice Test: Indian Polity - 15 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Practice Test: Indian Polity - 15 extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

The Act which empowers the Government to withdraw money from the public fund is called

Solution:

The correct option is Option C.

An Appropriation Act is an Act that authorizes the Government of India to withdraw funds from the Consolidated Fund of India to meet expenses for a fiscal year. The Act was among a series of repealing acts tabled by the Narendra Modi administration aimed at repealing obsolete laws.

QUESTION: 2

The Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee is appointed from among the members of the Committee by the

Solution:
QUESTION: 3

The results of the examination of the Public Accounts Committee are reported to

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

The writ issued by a superior court to an inferior court, preventing the latter from usurping jurisdiction which the law does not empower it, is known as

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

Ultra Vires means

Solution:
QUESTION: 6

A two-tier machinery of Lok Pal and Lok Ayukta for redressal of citizens’ grievances was recommended by

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

Match the pairs:  

            
                                                       

Solution:

The correct answer is C as The Literal meaning of 'Habeas Corpus' is "we may have the body'. The writ of Habeas Corpus can be issued against both public authorities as well as private individuals.The Mandamus can be issued against a public body, government, corporation, an inferior court.
 

QUESTION: 8

Match the Pairs:


                                    
 Code :
         1    2    3    4
(a)    D    B    C    A
(b)    B    A    D    C
(c)    A    C    B    D
(d)    C    D    A    B

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

The main criticisms of our system of parl iamentary control are:
(i) Exaggerating the importance and functions of CAG
(ii) Prejudice against private enterprise
(iii) Opposition to delegation of powers
(iv) Fear that Parliament's authority over administration is not being preserved

Solution:

A is the correct option.our system of parliamentary control faces a lot of  criticism and all the points given about it is true.
The Comptroller and Auditor General of India is an authority, established by Article 148 of the Constitution of India, and has all the authority to audits all receipts and expenditure of the Government of India and the state governments, including those of bodies and authorities substantially financed by the government. 
System shows its Prejudicial behaviour  against private enterprise, sometimes and faces criticism.
 

QUESTION: 10

Limitations of Judicial control are:
(i) Courts cannot intervene on their own accord
(ii) Judicial control is post-facto
(iii) Prohibitively expensive
(iv) Not available to all

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

Origin of the writs of Habeas Corpus is:

Solution:

The correct option is C.
Habeas corpus originally stems from the Assize of Clarendon, a re-issuance of rights during the reign of Henry II of England in the 12th century. The foundations for habeas corpus are "wrongly thought" to have originated in Magna Carta.

QUESTION: 12

Writ of Mandamus is known as Extraordinary Remedy, because

Solution:

A writ or order of mandamus is an extraordinary court order because it is made without the benefit of full judicial process, or before a case has concluded. It may be issued by a court at any time that it is appropriate, but it is usually issued in a case that has already begun.

QUESTION: 13

In the bill introduced in Lok Sabha on August 26, 1985, Lok Pal was empowered to inquire into complaints against

Solution:

The 1985 Bill empowered the Lokpal to inquire into complaints against a “public functionary” ( as defined in the Bill) alleging that he has committed an offence punishable under Chapter IX of the Indian Penal Code or under the Prevention of Corruption Act, 1947. The expression “public functionary” covered Ministers, Ministers of State, Deputy Ministers and Parliamentary Secretaries of the Union. The Bill was referred to a Joint Committee.

QUESTION: 14

‘Zero Hour’ in Parliament is

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

No-Confidence Motion is also called as

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

 The writ of Habeas Corpus is

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

Sunset legislation is

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

In England, the extraordinary remedies are known as

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

The writs are provided in India by the

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

The first Lok Pal bill was introduced in

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

‘C orruption is the ulcer in the s tomach of Indi a' s administration’. This was stated by

Solution:

The correct option is C.
It was set up by the Government of India Resolution on 11 February 1964, on the recommendations of the Committee on Prevention of Corruption, headed by Shri K. Santhanam Committee, to advise and guide Central Government agencies in the field of vigilance.

QUESTION: 22

The writ of Habeas Corpus is available

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

‘Mandamus’ means

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

The legal remedies available for a citizen against the offending government officials as are available to him against a private citizen, are through

Solution:

The rule of law is defined in the Oxford English Dictionary as: "The authority and influence of law in society, especially when viewed as a constraint on individual and institutional behavior; (hence) the principle whereby all members of a society (including those in government) are considered equally subject to publicly disclosed legal codes and processes."The term "rule of law" is closely related to "constitutionalism" as well as "Rechtsstaat", and refers to a political situation, not to any specific legal rule.


The rule of law implies that every person is subject to the law, including people who are lawmakers, law enforcement officials, and judges. In this sense, it stands in contrast to tyranny or oligarchy where the rulers are held above the law.[citation needed] Lack of the rule of law can be found in both democracies and monarchies, for example when there is neglect or ignorance of the law. The rule of law is more apt to decay if a government has insufficient corrective mechanisms for restoring it.

QUESTION: 25

This type consists of two statements, one called ‘Assertion’ (A) followed by another statement called ‘Reason’ (R) and the candidate has to choose one of the four alternatives given below:
Q.
A: Centralisation of the establishment activities provides an effective means of control.
R: Personnel in the Civil Service have been placed in a hierarchical structure of the administrative machinery.

Solution:

Similar Content

Related tests