Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 7


30 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 7


Description
This mock test of Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 7 for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 30 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 7 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 7 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 7 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Previous Year Papers - Indian Polity - 7 extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

Which of the following is not the essential qualification for appointment as a Judge of the Supreme Court of India?

Solution:

The correct option is B.
Supreme Court Judges retire upon attaining the age of 65 years. In order to be appointed as a Judge of the Supreme Court, a person must be a citizen of India and must have been, for at least five years, a Judge of a High Court or of two or more such Courts in succession, or an Advocate of a High Court or of two or more such Courts in succession for at least 10 years or he must be, in the opinion of the President, a distinguished jurist. Provisions exist for the appointment of a Judge of a High Court as an Ad-hoc Judge of the Supreme Court and for retired Judges of the Supreme Court or High Courts to sit and act as Judges of that Court.

QUESTION: 2

In which case did the Supreme Court restore the primacy of the Fundamental Rights over the Directive Principles of State Policy?

Solution:

In Golaknath Case, the Supreme Court restored the primacy of the Fundamental Rights over the Directive Principles of State Policy. Golaknath case was a 1967 Indian Supreme Court case, in which the Court ruled that Parliament could not curtail any of the Fundamental Rights in the Constitution.

QUESTION: 3

The Judges of the High Court hold office

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

The Supreme Court of India enjoys

Solution:

The correct option is D.
In India, the Supreme Court has original, appellate and advisory jurisdiction. Its exclusive original jurisdiction extends to all cases between the Government of India and the States of India or between Government of India and states on one side and one or more states on other side or cases between different states.

QUESTION: 5

How many types of writs can be issued by the Supreme Court?

Solution:

The correct answer must be C as five writs can be issued by the Supreme Court

QUESTION: 6

In which of the following cases, the Supreme Court held that Fundamental Rights are unamendable?

Solution:

The correct option is Option D.
In the Golaknath case, 1967, the Supreme Court held that no authority including parliament can amend or upgrade fundamental rights. Later on, in the Keshavananda Bharti case Supreme Court reversed its decision and pronounced that fundamental rights can be amended subject to basic structure of constitution.

QUESTION: 7

The writs for the enforcement of Fundamental Rights are issued by

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

A writ issued by the Supreme Court compelling a quasi -judicial/ public authority to perform its mandatory duty is

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

Which of the following is a feature to both the Indian Federation and the American Federation?

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

Under the Constitution, the power to issue a writ of Habeas Corpus is vested in

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

An appeal to the High Court lies in case the Session Court has awarded the punishment of

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

Which of the following is a bulwark of per sonal freedom?

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

Judges of the Supreme Court and High Court can be removed by

Solution:

The correct option is A.
A Judge of the Supreme Court and High court cannot be removed from office except by an order of the President passed after an address in each House of Parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that House and by a majority of not less than two-thirds of members present and voting, and presented to the President 

QUESTION: 14

The salaries and emoluments of the judges of the Supreme Court are charged on

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

The main function of the judiciary is

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

What does the ‘Judicial Review’ function of the Supreme Court mean?

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

Who is empowered to transfer a Judge from one High Court to another High Court?

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

Which of the following writs/ orders of the High Court/ Supreme Court is sought to get an order of an authority quashed?

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

Why did one of the High Courts in India decree that ‘bandhs are unconstitutional and punitive’?

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

Preventive detention means

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

Which of the following is at the apex of the subordinate criminal courts ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 22

Which among the following court /has the original jurisdiction to hear petition and give decision challenging election of the Lok Sabha/ Vidhan Sabha?

Solution:

The High Court has the original jurisdiction to hear petition and give decision challenging election of the Lok Sabha/ Vidhan Sabha

QUESTION: 23

‘Taxes on professions’ can be levied by

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

The 3-tier Panchayat Raj System in India was proposed by the

Solution:

The Balwant Rai Mehta Committee was a committee appointed by the Government of India in January 1957 to examine the working of the Community Development Programme (1952) and the National Extension Service(1953) and to suggest measures for their better working. This committee recommended the establishment of a 3-tier Panchayati Raj system-Gram Panchayat at the village level, Panchayat Samiti at the block level, and Zila Parishad at the district level.

QUESTION: 25

Which is not the concern of the local government?

Solution:

C is the correct option. Maintaining law and order is the main function of the Cabinet ministry. Local authorities are multi-purpose bodies responsible for delivering a broad range of services in relation to roads; traffic; planning; housing; economic and community development; environment, recreation and amenity services; fire services and maintaining the register of electors.

QUESTION: 26

What is the maximum strength prescribed for State Legislative Assemblies?

Solution:

The Legislative Assembly consists of not more than 500 members and not less than 60. The biggest state like Uttar Pradesh has 403 members in its Assembly. States which have small population and are small in size have a provision for having even lesser number of members in the Legislative Assembly. Puducherry has 30 members. Mizoram, Goa have only 40 members each. Sikkim has 32 members. All members of the Legislative Assembly are elected on the basis of adult franchise, and one member is elected from one constituency. Just as the President has the power to nominate 2 Anglo Indians to the Lok Sabha, similarly, the Governor also has the power to nominate 1 member from Anglo Indian's community as he deems fit, if he is of the opinion that they are not adequately represented in the Assembly.
 

QUESTION: 27

Who was the first Woman Governor of a State in free India from the following?

Solution:
QUESTION: 28

When was the Panchayati Raj System introduced in India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 29

Who is the chief advisor to the Governor?

Solution:

The Governor acts as the nominal head whereas the real power lies in the hand of the Chief Ministers of the states and the Chief Minister’s Council of Ministers. The Governor summons the sessions of both houses of the state legislature and prorogues them. The Governor can even dissolve the Vidhan Sabha. These powers are formal and the Governor while using these powers must act according to the advice of the Council of Ministers headed by the Chief Minister.

QUESTION: 30

Which amidst the following States has a Legislative Council?

Solution: