Test: Current Affairs Polity December 2020


15 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Test: Current Affairs Polity December 2020


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QUESTION: 1

NikshayPoshan Yojana, sometimes seen in news is related to

Solution: NI-KSHAY is the web-enabled patient management system for TB control under the National Tuberculosis Elimination Programme (NTEP). It is developed and maintained by the Central TB Division (CTD), Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India, in collaboration with the National Informatics Centre (NIC), and the World Health Organization Country Office for India.

Nikshay is used by health functionaries at various levels across the country both in the public and private sector, to register cases under their care, order various types of tests from Labs across the country, record treatment details, monitor treatment adherence and to transfer cases between care providers. It also functions as the National TB Surveillance System and enables reporting various surveillance data to India's Government.

QUESTION: 2

Consider the following statements regarding POSHAN Abhiyaan.

  1. POSHAN Abhiyaan is Government of India's flagship programme to improve nutritional outcomes for children, pregnant women and lactating mothers.

  2. NITI Aayog is the monitoring authority for POSHAN Abhiyaan.

  3. The mission's target is to eliminate stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years by 2022. 

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution: About PoshanAbhiyaan

The programme seeks to improve nutritional outcomes for children, pregnant women and lactating mothers. Launched in 2018 with specific targets to be achieved by 2022.

It aims to reduce:

Stunting and wasting by 2% a year (total 6% until 2022) among children.

Anaemia by 3% a year (total 9%) among children, adolescent girls, pregnant women, and lactating mothers. The mission's target is to bring down stunting among children in the age group 0-6 years from 38.4% to 25% by 2022.

NITI Aayog has played a critical role in shaping the POSHAN Abhiyaan. NITI Aayog has been entrusted with the task of closely monitoring the POSHAN Abhiyaan and undertaking periodic evaluations.

QUESTION: 3

Consider the following statements regarding District Mineral Foundation (DMF) Funds.

  1. Though District Mineral Foundation's operation is under state governments, the Central Government retains the power to prescribe the rates of contribution.

  2. DMF funds are treated as extra-budgetary resources for the States.

  3. Pradhan Mantri KhanijKshetra Kalyan Yojana is meant to provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining-related operations, using the funds generated by District Mineral Foundations (DMFs).

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution: The Central Government retains the power to prescribe the rates of contribution, though DMF's operation is under state governments.

The Central Government notified on 17 September 2015 the rates of contribution payable by miners to the DMFs. In case of all mining leases executed before 12th January, 2015 (the date on which Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act (MMDR Amendment Act) came into force) miners will have to contribute an amount equal to 30% of the royalty payable by them to the DMFs. Where mining leases are granted after 12.01.2015, the rate of contribution would be 10% of the royalty payable. (Subsequent to the enactment of MMDR Amendment Act, mining leases are given out after auctions; hence, a lower levy).

DMF funds are treated as extra-budgetary resources for the States.

Pradhan Mantri KhanijKshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) is meant to provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining-related operations, using the funds generated by District Mineral Foundations (DMFs).

QUESTION: 4

Consider the following statements regarding National Disaster Response Fund (NDRF).

  1. NDRF is located in the "Public Accounts" of Government of India under "Reserve Funds not bearing interest".

  2. The relief activities for all the calamities are monitored by the Ministry of Home Affairs.

  3. NDRF amount can be spent only towards meeting the expenses for emergency response, relief and rehabilitation.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution: National Disaster Response Fund as defined in Section 46 of the Disaster Management Act, 2005 (DM Act) as a fund managed by the Central Government for meeting the expenses for emergency response, relief and rehabilitation due to any threatening disaster situation or disaster. NDRF is constituted to supplement the State Disaster Response Funds (SDRF) funds to facilitate immediate relief in case of calamities of a severe nature.

NDRF amount can be spent only towards meeting the expenses for emergency response, relief and rehabilitation. For projects exclusively for the purpose of mitigation, i.e, measures aimed at reducing the risk, impact or effect of a disaster or threatening disaster situation a separate fund called National Disaster Mitigation Fund has to be constituted.

The NDRF is financed through the levy of a cess on certain items, chargeable to excise and customs duty, and approved annually through the Finance Bill. The requirement for funds beyond what is available under the NDRF is met through general budgetary resources.

Currently, a National Calamity Contingency Duty (NCCD) is levied to finance the NDRF and additional budgetary support is provided as and when necessary. A provision also exists in the DM Act to encourage any person or institution to make a contribution to the NDRF.

NDRF is located in the "Public Accounts" of Government of India under "Reserve Funds not bearing interest".

Department of Agriculture and Cooperation under Ministry of Agriculture (MoA) monitors relief activities for calamities associated with drought, hailstorms, pest attacks and cold wave /frost while rest of the natural calamities are monitored by Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA).

 

QUESTION: 5

Consider the following statements regarding PM SVANidhi scheme.

  1. The PM SVANidhi scheme, is a credit facility that provides street vendors a collateral-free loan of Rs 1,00,000 with low rates of interest for a period of one year.

  2. The scheme is part of the AtmaNirbhar Bharat package.

  3. Small Industries Development Bank of India (SIDBI) is the implementing agency for the scheme.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution: Ministry of Housing & Urban Affairs launched a scheme PM Street Vendor's AtmaNirbhar Nidhi (PM SVANidhi) to empower Street Vendors by extending loans to them and their holistic development and economic upliftment. The scheme intends to facilitate collateral-free working capital loans of up to INR10,000/- of one-year tenure, to approximately 50 lakh street vendors, to help resume their businesses in the urban areas, including surrounding peri-urban/rural areas.

QUESTION: 6

National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) is an investment vehicle that can fund in which of the following sectors? (economy)

  1. Green energy

  2. Affordable and mid-income housing

  3. Social infrastructure

  4. Manufacturing and logistics

  5. Infrastructure services 

Select the correct answer code:

Solution: National Investment and Infrastructure Fund (NIIF) is India's first infrastructure-specific investment fund or

a sovereign wealth fund set up by India's Government in February 2015. The objective behind creating this fund was to maximise economic impact mainly through infrastructure investment in commercially viable projects, both Greenfield and Brownfield.

NIIF currently manages three funds, each with its distinctive investment mandate. The funds are registered as Alternative Investment Fund (AIF) with the Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI).

The three funds are:

Master Fund: Is an infrastructure fund to primarily invest in operating assets in the core infrastructure sectors such as roads, ports, airports, power etc.

Fund of Funds: Managed by fund managers who have good track records in India's infrastructure and associated sectors. Some of the focus sectors include Green Infrastructure, Mid-Income & Affordable Housing, Infrastructure services and allied sectors.

Strategic Investment Fund: Is registered as an Alternative Investment Fund II under SEBI in India. The objective is to invest largely in equity and equity-linked instruments. It will focus on greenfield and brownfield investments in the core infrastructure sectors.

QUESTION: 7

Consider the following statements regarding the Dedicated Freight Corridor. (economy)

  1. Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL) run by the Ministry of Railways undertakes the operation of the "Dedicated Freight Corridors" (DFC).

  2. The Western DFC is lengthier than the Eastern DFC.

  3. Western Dedicated Freight Corridor (WDFC) runs from Uttar Pradesh to Mumbai.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution: The Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL) recently announced that Indian Railways would be running its freight trains on 40% of the dedicated freight corridor (DFC) by next year. The DFC project is one of the Indian Railways' largest infrastructure projects. The 1,504 kms long Western DFC is from J N Port in Mumbai,

Maharashtra to Dadri in Uttar Pradesh and the 1,856 kms long Eastern DFC is from Sahnewal near Ludhiana in Punjab to Dankuni in the state of West Bengal.

QUESTION: 8

An Agricultural produce market committee (APMC) is established by the (economy)

Solution: Agricultural Produce Market Committee (APMC) is a statutory market committee constituted by a State Government in respect of trade in certain notified agricultural or horticultural or livestock products, under the Agricultural Produce Market Committee Act issued by that state government.
QUESTION: 9

Invest India, set up in 2009, is a non-profit venture under the (economy)

Solution: The UNCTAD has declared 'Invest India' as winner of the 2020 United Nations Investment Promotion Award. "Invest India" is the National Investment Promotion and Facilitation Agency of India and acts as the first point of reference for India investors. It is a non-profit venture set up in 2009 under the Department for Promotion of Industry and Internal Trade, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, and India's Government.
QUESTION: 10

Consider the following statements: (economy)

  1. Minimum Support Price (MSP) maybe both lower or higher than the prevailing market price of the particular crop.

  2. All food grain procurement operations in India are undertaken by the Food Corporation of India (FCI). 

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution: MSP can be anything that the government considers that the farmers should fairly get. This helps them get fair remuneration for their produce and motivate or demotivate them to produce a particular crop. Hence it can be either lower or higher than the market price. E.g. if the government wishes to discourage rice farming, it would lower the MSP of rice.

The procurement system decentralisation was started in 1997, where states play a very important role in the supply chain. Not all procurements are done by FCI. State cooperative agencies and other state-level distribution agencies also play a crucial role.

QUESTION: 11

Which of the following are considered as 'indirect farm subsidies' extended by the government?

  1. Farmer training

  2. Investment in agricultural research

  3. Farm loan waivers

  4. Cheaper credit facilities for farmers 

Select the correct answer code:

Solution: Indirect farm subsidies: These are the farm subsidies which are provided in the form of cheaper credit facilities, farm loan waivers, reduction in irrigation and electricity bills, fertilisers, seeds and pesticides subsidy as well as the investments in agricultural research, environmental assistance, farmer training, etc. These subsidies are also provided to make farm products more competitive in the global market. The subsidies provided on the fertilisers as 'input' subsidies are in the form of indirect subsidies.

QUESTION: 12

APMC Model Act 2003 include which of the following features

Facilitating a contract farming model.

  1. Special market for perishables

  2. Allowing farmers and private persons to set up their own market.

  3. APMC revenue to be used for improving market infrastructure.

Select the correct answer code:

Solution: Some of the salient features of the APMC Model Act 2003 include:
  • Facilitating a contract farming model.

  • Special market for perishables

  • Allowing farmers and private persons to set up their own market.

  • Relaxation of licensing norms.

  • Single market fee

  • APMC revenue to be used for improving market infrastructure.

However, not all states have passed the bill. Some states have passed, but neither framed rules nor notified it. Thus, inter-state barriers continue.

QUESTION: 13

Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT), sometimes seen in news is under which ministry

Solution: Directorate General of Foreign Trade (DGFT) organisation is an attached office of the Ministry of Commerce and Industry and is headed by Director General of Foreign Trade. DGFT is responsible for implementing the Foreign Trade Policy with the main objective of promoting India's exports. Keeping in line with liberalisation and globalisation and the overall objective of increasing exports, DGFT has since been assigned the role of "facilitator". The shift was from prohibition and control of imports/exports to promotion and facilitation of exports/imports, keeping in view the interests of the country.

QUESTION: 14

Consider the following statements regarding the Commission for Agricultural Costs and Prices (CACP).

The Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices (CACP) is an attached office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare.

  1. It does not recommend a minimum support price for any commercial crop.

Which of the above statements is/are incorrect?

Solution: The Commission for Agricultural Costs & Prices (CACP) is an attached office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India. It came into existence in January 1965.

CACP recommends MSP for 4 commercial crops (copra, sugarcane, cotton and raw jute).

QUESTION: 15

Consider the following statements regarding Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE).

  1. Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) is a statutory body whose primary objective is to reduce the Indian economy's energy intensity.

  2. BEE give financial assistance to institutions for promoting efficient use of energy and its conservation.

  3. The items covered under the Star Labeling Programme includes Deep Freezers, Light Commercial Air Conditioners, Domestic Gas Stove, Ballast and Microwave Oven.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution: The Government of India set up Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) on 1st March 2002 under the Energy Conservation Act's provisions, 2001. The Bureau of Energy Efficiency's mission is to assist in developing policies and strategies with a thrust on self-regulation and market principles, within the overall framework of the Energy Conservation Act, 2001 with the primary objective of reducing energy intensity of the Indian economy.

The Major Promotional Functions of BEE include:

Create awareness and disseminate information on energy efficiency and conservation

Arrange and organise training of personnel and specialists in the techniques for efficient use of energy and its conservation

Strengthen consultancy services in the field of energy conservation Promote research and development

Develop testing and certification procedures and promote testing facilities

Formulate and facilitate implementation of pilot projects and demonstration projects

Promote use of energy-efficient processes, equipment, devices and systems

Take steps to encourage preferential treatment for use of energy-efficient equipment or appliances

Promote innovative financing of energy efficiency projects

Give financial assistance to institutions for promoting efficient use of energy and its conservation

Prepare educational curriculum on efficient use of energy and its conservation

Implement international co-operation programmes relating to efficient use of energy and its conservation

In a step further towards its vision of building an energy-efficient India, the government-backed Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) has extended its list of items covered under the 'Star Labeling Programme' by adding Deep Freezers and Light Commercial Air Conditioners (LCAC).

Standards &Labeling Program: The scheme was launched by the Minister of Power in May 2006 and is currently invoked for equipments/appliances Room Air Conditioner (Fixed Speed), Ceiling Fan, Colour Television, Computer, Direct Cool Refrigerator, Distribution Transformer, Domestic Gas Stove, Frost Free Refrigerator, General Purpose Industrial Motor, Monoset Pump, Openwell Submersible Pump Set, Stationary Type Water Heater, Submersible Pump Set, Tfl, Washing Machine (Semi/Top Load/Front Load), Ballast, Solid State Inverter, Office Automation Products, Diesel Engine Driven Monosetpumps For Agricultural Purposes, Diesel Generator Set, Led Lamps, Room Air Conditioner (Variable Speed), Chillers, Agricultural Pumpset, Microwave Oven, Deep Freezers, Light Commercial Ac Fixed Speed, Light Commercial Ac Variable Speed.