Test: Current Affairs Polity November 2020


14 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Test: Current Affairs Polity November 2020


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This mock test of Test: Current Affairs Polity November 2020 for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 14 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Test: Current Affairs Polity November 2020 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Test: Current Affairs Polity November 2020 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this Test: Current Affairs Polity November 2020 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Test: Current Affairs Polity November 2020 extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

SVAMITVA scheme, sometimes seen in news is related to

Solution: Prime Minister Narendra Modi launched the physical distribution of property cards under the 'Survey of Villages and Mapping with Improvised Technology in Village Areas' (SVAMITVA) scheme.

The aim to update rural land records, providing record of rights to village households and issue property cards. SVAMITVA is a central scheme of the Ministry of Panchayati Raj and Rural Development and will be implemented across the country in a phased manner over the next four years, covering around 6.62 lakh villages.

The scheme focuses on mapping rural-inhabited lands using drones as land records are inaccurate or do not exist for vast areas across India.

QUESTION: 2

The official committees that have estimated the number of people living in poverty in India are

  1. Y K Alagh committee

  2. D T Lakdawala committee

  3. Suresh Tendulkar committee

  4. C Rangarajan committee

 Select the correct answer code:

Solution: Six official committees have estimated the number of people living in poverty in India — the working group of 1962; V N Dandekar and N Rath in 1971; Y K Alagh in 1979; D T Lakdawala in 1993; Suresh Tendulkar in 2009; and C Rangarajan in 2014.

QUESTION: 3

Telecom Regulatory Authority of India (TRAI)

  1. Tariffs

  2. Increasing broadband penetration in

  3. Direct to Home (DTH) services

  4. Mobile number portability 

Select the correct answer code:

Solution: TRAI regularly issues orders and directions on various subjects such as tariffs, interconnections, quality of service, Direct To Home (DTH) services and mobile number portability.

QUESTION: 4

Consider the following statements regarding the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF).

  1. SDRF was constituted based on the recommendations of the 14th Finance Commission.

  2. The Central Government contributes 50% to SDRF, and the remaining 50% is provided from the State Government.

  3. A State Government may use the funds available under the SDRF for providing immediate relief to the victims of natural disasters that they consider to be 'disasters' within the local context in the State.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution: Each state has constituted SDRF under the provisions of Disaster Management act 2005.

It was constituted based on the recommendations of the 13th Finance Commission.

Funding: The Central Government contributes 75% of SDRF allocation for general category States/UTs and 90% for special category States/UTs.

Heads: The state executive committee headed by the Chief Secretary is authorized to decide on all matters relating to financing the relief expenditure from the SDRF.

Disaster (s) covered under SDRF: Cyclone, drought, earthquake, fire, flood, tsunami, hailstorm, landslide, avalanche, cloudburst, pest attack, frost and cold waves.

Local Disaster: A State Government may use up to 10 percent of the funds available under the SDRF for providing immediate relief to the victims of natural disasters that they consider to be 'disasters' within the local context in the State and which are not included in the notified list of disasters of the Ministry of Home Affairs subject to the condition that the State Government has listed the State-specific natural disasters and notified clear and transparent norms and guidelines for such disasters with the approval of the State Authority, i.e., the State Executive Authority (SEC).

QUESTION: 5

Consider the following statements regarding Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme.

  1. The PLI scheme aims to boost domestic manufacturing and reduce imports by providing cash incentives on incremental sales from products manufactured in India.

  2. The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology is the single nodal ministry for implementing the PLI scheme.

  3. Adding any new sector for PLI scheme will require the approval of the Union Cabinet.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution:
  • The Union Cabinet approved an expansion of the Production-Linked Incentive (PLI) scheme to include 10 more labour-intensive industry segments, including advance chemistry cell batteries, electronic and technology products, automobiles and auto components manufacturing, among others.

  • The scheme for these sectors will be in addition to the PLI schemes for mobile phones and allied equipment manufacturing, pharmaceutical ingredients and medical devices.

  • The PLI scheme aims to boost domestic manufacturing and reduce imports by providing cash incentives on incremental sales from products manufactured in the country. Besides inviting foreign companies to set shop in India, the scheme encourages local companies to set up or expand, existing manufacturing units.

  • The new sectors included under the PLI scheme are mostly labour-intensive and will be implemented by the respective ministries. For instance, the Niti Aayog will implement the PLI scheme to manufacture advanced chemistry cell batteries. The Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology is the nodal ministry for the implementation of the PLI scheme for mobile phone manufacturing.

  • Any new sector for PLI will require fresh approval of the Union Cabinet.

QUESTION: 6

The renewable energy Ministry has expanded the PM-KUSUM scheme scope PM-KUSUM scheme scope to enable greater solar energy generation in the farm sector. The scheme consists of which of the following components?

  1. Decentralized ground-mounted grid-connected renewable power plants.

  2. Installation of stand-alone solar-powered agriculture pumps.

  3. Solarisation of grid-connected solar-powered agriculture pumps.

Select the correct answer code:

Solution:
  • The renewable energy Ministry has expanded the PM-KUSUM scheme scope to enable greater solar energy generation in the farm sector.

  • The Ministry has amended the scheme's guidelines based on learning from its implementation during the first year.

  • Besides barren, fallow and agricultural lands, solar power plants can also be installed on pasture land and marshy land of farmers.

  • To support small farmers, states based on techno-commercial feasibility may allow solar projects smaller than 500 kW.

The scheme now consists of three components.

  • The first is 10,000 MW of decentralized ground-mounted grid-connected renewable power plants up to 2 MW.

  • The second is an installation of 20 lakh (up from 17.50 lakh) stand-alone solar-powered agriculture pumps.

  • The third component is solarisation of 15 lakh (up from 10 lakh) grid-connected solar-powered agriculture pumps.

QUESTION: 7

Consider the following statements regarding Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) scheme.

  1. MGNREGA guarantees 100 days of unskilled manual work to all households in India.

  2. The Act stipulates a minimum wage-material ratio of 60:40.

  3. MGNREGA is to be implemented mainly by gram panchayats (GPs) with the help of contractors.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution: MGNREGA is the largest social security scheme in the world — guaranteeing 100 days of unskilled manual work

to all rural households in India.

The work is usually on projects to build durable assets like roads, canals, ponds and wells.

The Act stipulates a minimum wage-material ratio of 60:40.

MGNREGA is to be implemented mainly by gram panchayats (GPs). The involvement of contractors is banned.

QUESTION: 8

When Parliament passes laws on the matter enumerated in the concurrent list and if the Parliament's laws aggrieve some states, what options do the states have

  1. States can amend central laws enacted under the Concurrent List, subject to the condition that provisions repugnant to the parliamentary Acts will have to get the President's assent, without which they do not come into force.

  2. The aggrieved states can challenge the validity of the central laws in the Supreme Court.

Select the correct answer code:

Solution: Recently Punjab enacted amendments to override the effects of the Centre's new agriculture laws.

States can indeed amend central laws enacted under the Concurrent List, subject to the condition that provisions repugnant to the parliamentary Acts will have to get the President's assent, without which they do not come into force.

The Punjab Bills note that agriculture is under the States' legislative domain, as the subject falls under the State List in the Seventh Schedule. The Centre has enacted its farm sector Bills by invoking Entry 33(b) in the Concurrent List, which concerns trade and commerce in, and production, supply and distribution of,

"foodstuffs". By stretching the entry's meaning to include agriculture, Parliament has managed to pass laws in the States domain. In these circumstances, States aggrieved by the farm sector laws will either have to adopt Bills that would require presidential assent or challenge the validity of the central laws in the Supreme Court.

QUESTION: 9

Consider the following statements regarding the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

  1. CBI functions under the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions of the central government.

  2. CBI is not exempted from the purview of the Right to Information (RTI) Act.

  3. CBI is India's officially designated single point of contact for liaison with the Interpol.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution: During World War II, the CBI came into being when the colonial government felt the need to probe cases of corruption in the War and Supply Department. A law came in 1941. It became the DSPE Act in 1946.

The Act to set up CBI was not passed by Parliament. It was created by executive order of the government. In that sense, the CBI is not a statutory body.

The CBI functions under the Ministry of Personnel, Public Grievances and Pensions of the central government, and is exempted from the purview of the Right to Information (RTI) Act.

CBI is India's officially designated single point of contact for liaison with the Interpol.

QUESTION: 10

Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) can investigate which of the following types of cases in a state?

  1. Corruption against public servants

  2. Money laundering and black money operations

  3. Crimes related to espionage, narcotics and banned substances

Select the correct answer code:

Solution: The CBI investigates three types of cases through three specialised wings.

The Anti-Corruption Division that probes cases of corruption against public servants.

The Economic Offences Division probes financial malfeasance crimes, bank frauds, money laundering, black money operations, and the like. However, the CBI usually transfers cases of money laundering to the Enforcement Directorate (ED).

There is a Special Crimes Division investigating cases of violence such as murder, crimes related to internal security such as espionage, narcotics and banned substances, and cheating. This division of the CBI generally handles cases that get wide media coverage, for example, actor Sushant Singh Rajput's death case.

QUESTION: 11

Consider the following statements regarding the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

  1. Delhi Special Police Establishment Act (DPSEA) makes the CBI a special wing of Delhi Police and its original jurisdiction is limited to Delhi.

  2. Like the National Investigation Agency (NIA), CBI enjoys an all-India jurisdiction.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution: The CBI is governed by the Delhi Special Police Establishment Act (DPSEA). This law makes the CBI a special wing of Delhi Police, and thus its original jurisdiction is limited to Delhi.

Recently, a Calcutta High Court order expanded its jurisdiction to investigate the central government employees in West Bengal without seeking the state government's specific consent.

For other matters, the CBI needs the state government's consent in whose territorial jurisdiction, the CBI has to conduct an investigation. Unlike other central government agencies, for example, the National Investigation Agency (NIA), which by law, enjoys an all-India jurisdiction.

QUESTION: 12

Consider the following statements regarding the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).

  1. Delhi Special Police Establishment Act (DPSEA) authorises the central government to direct CBI to probe a case within the jurisdiction of any state without the concerned state government's recommendation.

  2. Supreme Court and High Courts can also order CBI to investigate such a crime anywhere in the country without the state's consent.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution:

Section 6 of the DPSE Act authorises the central government to direct CBI to probe a case within the jurisdiction of any state on the concerned state government's recommendation. The courts can also order a CBI probe, and even monitor the progress of the investigation.

The CBI manual says, "The central government can authorise CBI to investigate such a crime in a state but only with the consent of the concerned state government. However, the Supreme Court and High courts can order CBI to investigate such a crime anywhere in the country without the consent of the state."

 

QUESTION: 13

Consider the following statements regarding the National Commission for Women (NCW).

  1. National Commission for Women Act requires that the Commission's head be a women's rights activist.

  2. National Commission for Women receives funds mainly from the Consolidated Fund of India.

  3. National Commission for Women has powers on par with civil courts and can issue warrants and conduct judicial proceedings.

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution: The NCW Act requires that the head of the Commission should be a women's rights activist.

NCW receives funds from the Ministry of Women and Child Development, while to be fully independent. It should perhaps be allocated funds under the Consolidated Fund of India like NHRC.

A government proposal in 2014-2015 was to give the NCW powers on par with civil courts so that it could issue warrants and conduct judicial proceedings and was submitted to the PMO.

QUESTION: 14

Disqualification from contesting the elections when a person is convicted under the Prevention of corruption act, 1988 is often in the news. Who among the following is empowered to remove the disqualification?

Solution: Citing "legislative intent" of Section 11 of the RP Act, the ECI said: "The legislature has, in its wisdom, deemed it necessary to vest this Commission with this power with the understanding that socio-economic-political factors may, in certain peculiar circumstances, warrant that the general disqualification prescribed by statutory rule should be removed/reduced by exercising this extraordinary power."