Elections held after the term of five years for Lok Sabha are called.
What makes an election democratic? Select the correct option.
(i) Universal Adult Franchise
(ii) Fundamental Rights
(iii) Directive Principles of State Policy
(iv) Free and fair Election.
Which of the following states has maximum Lok Sabha Constituencies?
How many constituencies are there in our country for Loksabha elections?
Analyze the following statements regarding the fair electoral practice and select which one is a fair electoral practice.
Which of the following slogans was given during west Bengal Assembly elections in 1977?
What is an election held for only one constituency to fill the vacancy caused due to death or resignation of a member called?
Is it good to have Political Competition? Which of the following statements justify this?
(i) It creates a sense of disunity and factionalism
(ii) Political Competition helps to force political parties and leaders to serve people
(iii) It gives a fair chance to people for the responsible government
(iv) Political competition causes divisions and some ugliness
Which of the following is not included in the Model Code of Conduct for election campaigns?
-No party or candidate shall include in any activity which may aggravate existing differences or create mutual hatred or cause tension between different castes and communities, religious or linguistic.
-Criticism of other political parties, when made, shall be confined to their policies and programme, past record and work. Parties and Candidates shall refrain from criticism of all aspects of private life, not connected with the public activities of the leaders or workers of other parties. Criticism of other parties or their workers based on unverified allegations or distortion shall be avoided.
-There shall be no appeal to caste or communal feelings for securing votes. Mosques, Churches, Temples or other places of worship shall not be used as forum for election propaganda.
- The Ministers shall not combine their official visit with electioneering work and shall not also make use of official machinery or personnel during the electioneering work.
- Government transport including official air-crafts, vehicles, machinery and personnel shall not be used for furtherance of the interest of the party in power;
What is the General election?
The final stage of an election is the day when the voters cast or “poll” their vote.
(i) Electoral Constituencies: First of all, the whole country is divided into different areas for purposes of elections. These areas are called electoral constituencies.
The voters who live in an area elect the one representative.
(ii) Voters' List: Once the constituencies are decided, the next step is to decide who can and who cannot vote. This decision cannot be left to anyone till the last day. In a democratic election, the list of those who are eligible to vote is prepared much before the election and given to everyone.
(iii) Nomination of Candidates: Every person who wishes to contest an election has to fill a nomination form by the due date, which the Election Commission fixes. Every candidate has to give some money as security deposit alongwith nomination form.
(iv) Election Campaign: Election campaigns take place for a two-week period between the announcement of the final list of candidates and the date of polling. During this period the candidates contact their voters, political leaders address election meetings and political parties mobilise their supporters.
(v) Polling and Counting of Votes: The final stage of an election is the day when the voters cast or poll their vote. That day is usually called the election day. Every person whose name is on the voters' list can go to a nearby polling booth. Once the voter goes inside the booth, the election officials identify him/her, put a mark on his/her finger and allow him/her to cast his/her vote. There are electronic voting machines (EVMs) which are used to record votes. The machine shows the names of the candidates and the party symbols. What the voter has to do is to press the button against the name of the candidate he/she wants to give his/her vote.
Once the polling is over, all the EVMs are sealed and taken to a secure place. A few days later, on a fixed date, all the EVMs from a constituency are opened and the votes secured by each candidate are counted. The candidate who secures the highest number of votes from a constituency is declared elected.
Chief Election Commissioner is appointed by the Prime Minister of India.
What is the motive Reserved Constituencies?
Legal declaration or Affidavit includes details of the assets and liabilities too.
Elections in India for Parliament and State Legislature are conducted by _________ .