Test: Historical Background


10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: Historical Background


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QUESTION: 1

Arrange the following in the order of their occurrences –
(i) Cripps Mission
(ii) August Offer
(iii) Cabinet Mission
(iv) Wavell Plan

Solution:

The correct option is D.
 The correct chronological order is:
The August Offer was an offer made by Viceroy Linlithgow in 1940.
The Cripps Mission Plan – 1942
The Wavell Plan was presented at 1945
The Cabinet Mission Plan – 1946

QUESTION: 2

Which of the following statements regarding Cabinet Mission plan of 1946 is/are CORRECT?
(i) Hyderabad was placed in Group A
(ii) Jammu and Kashmir was placed in Group B
(iii) Assam and Bengal were placed in Group C

Solution:

C is the correct option.The plan was to create a complex confederation of British India's provinces and princely states, all divided into three groups: A, B, and C. Most of independent India's Union would have been integrated into Group A, with its overwhelmingly Hindu majority. To the west of Group A would have been Group B, modern Pakistan, mostly Muslim but also including millions of Punjabi Sikhs and Hindus from the eastern districts of Punjab, not just its Muslim-majority western districts, as well as all of Sind and the North-West Frontier province and Baluchistan. Group C would have included all of Bengal and Assam, with a very narrow Muslim majority.

QUESTION: 3

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?

Solution:

The statement B is not true - Dr. Sachchidananda Sinha was the first chairman (temporary) of Constituent Assembly. Later Dr. Rajendra Prasad was elected as the president not BR Ambedker.

QUESTION: 4

With reference to Indian history, the members of the constituent assembly from the provinces were,

Solution:

The Constituent Assembly of India was elected to write the Constitution of India, and served as its first Parliament as an independent nation. It was set up as a result of negotiations between the leaders of the Indian independence movement and members of the British Cabinet Mission. The constituent assembly was elected indirectly by the members of the Provincial legislative assembly, which existed under the British Raj.

QUESTION: 5

Which of the following statements regarding Cabinet Mission plan is/are CORRECT?
(i) Lord Wavell was one of  the members of the Cabinet Mission.
(ii) It provided for equal representation to Hindus and Muslims in the interim government.
(iii) Princely states could nominate members to Constituent Assembly.

Solution:

The Cabinet Mission Plan was a statement made by the Cabinet Mission and the Viceroy, Lord Wavell, on May 16, 1946, that contained proposals regarding the constitutional future of India in the wake of Indian political parties and representatives not coming to an agreement.
The recommendations of the Cabinet Mission Plan regarding Princely States were that they would not be under the direct control of the Union and they would themselves decide as to what powers they were to surrender.
 

QUESTION: 6

In which year, the Indian National Congress officially demanded Constituent Assembly for framing Constitution of India?

Solution:

An idea for a Constituent Assembly was proposed in 1934 by M. N. Roy, a pioneer of the Communist movement in India and an advocate of radical democracy. It became an official demand of the Indian National Congress in 1935, C. Rajagopalachari voiced the demand for a Constituent Assembly on 15 November 1939 based on adult franchise, and was accepted by the British in August 1940.

QUESTION: 7

Who among the following was the chairman of the subcommittee on fundamental rights in the Constituent Assembly of India?

Solution:

A is the correct option.The Constituent Assembly appointed a total of 22 committees to deal with different tasks of constitution-making. Out of these, eight were major committees and the others were minor committees. JB Kriplani was appointed as the chairman of the subcommittee on fundamental rights in the Constituent Assembly of India.
Jivatram Bhagwandas Kripalani, popularly known as Acharya Kripalani, was an Indian politician, noted particularly for holding the presidency of the Indian National Congress during the transfer of power in 1947 and the husband of Sucheta Kripalani.

QUESTION: 8

In the context of Crips Mission, consider the following statements –
(i) It provided for complete independence to India.
(ii) It provided provinces the option to stay out of the Union of India.
(iii) It provided India with membership of Commonwealth Nations.
(iv) Muslim League accepted the proposals.

Which of the above statements is/are CORRECT ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

Match the following committees of the Constituent Assembly of India with their respective chairmans –

Solution:

 

QUESTION: 10

In the context of India’s Constitutional advance, which of the following statements regarding August Offer of 1940 is INCORRECT?

Solution:

A is the correct option.The August Offer was a offer made by Viceroy Linlithgow in 1940 promising the expansion of the Executive Council of the Viceroy of India to include more Indians, the establishment of an advisory war council, giving full weight to minority opinion, and the recognition of Indians' right to frame their own constitution.
August offer 1940 let Indians to draft their separate constitution after war. Also Muslim leaders accepted this after assurance that a separate country would be made for them.... Hence option a is not correct regarding august offer 1940.