Test: Local Government And Administration - 2


20 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE | Test: Local Government And Administration - 2


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QUESTION: 1

Match the following 

a. Municipal Corporation               I. Transitional areas
b. Municipal Councils                    II. Larger cities
c. Nagar Panchayats                     III. Smaller urban areas

Options are as follows

Solution:

Municipal Corporations - larger cities

A municipal corporation is established in larger towns and its members are directly elected by the people. Its head is referred as Mahapaur or mayor. A post of deputy mayor is created to look after the affairs of the corporation in the absence of mayor.

Municipal Councils - smaller urban areas

 Urban local governments are established according to the size of the town. For a small urban area, a municipality is constituted which is responsible for developmental activities of that town. Under a municipality, a city is divided into several wards, each represented by one candidate. This candidate is directly elected by the people of that area through elections.

Nagar Panchaytas - transitional areas
A Nagar Panchayat is established in an area that is under transition and it has a term of five years; however, it can be dissolved under two conditions: firstly, if it abuses the power of the office and secondly, if it proves to be incompetent.

QUESTION: 2

There are three urban local self government

Solution:
QUESTION: 3

___ is responsible for maintaining law and order in the district

Solution:

The correct answer is D as Superintendent of police heads the police force of a district. They are mostly the officers of the Indian Police Service. They are entrusted with the powers and responsibility of maintaining law and order of a district of a state or a union territory of India.

QUESTION: 4

Which of the following is false regarding Municipality

Solution:

D is the correct option. Statement d is not true as the work is not wide but limited to its city only.

QUESTION: 5

_____ looks after the health department in the district

Solution:

D is the correct option.On the lines of the State Health Mission, every district will have a District Health Mission headed by the Chairperson, Zila Parishad. It will have the District Collector as the Co-Chair and “Chief Medical Officer as the Mission Director”.

QUESTION: 6

Match the following 
a. Head of Corporation 
b. Head of Nagar Nigam 
c. Municipality elects 
I. Vice-Chairman 
II. Mayor 
III. Municipal commissioner 
Options are as follows

Solution:

Head of the corporation is Mayor, Head of Nagar Nigam is Municipal Commissioner and Municipality Elects Vice Chairman.

QUESTION: 7

Match the following 
a. Permanent official of the municipality 
b. Local administration of cities come under 
c. The foremost duty of the collector
I. Chief executive officer 
II. State government
III. Maintain law and order 
Options are as follows:

Solution:

A is the correct option.

  • The chief executive officer of a municipal corporation is known as the mayor/municipal commissioner/sarpanch.He is the Permanent official of the municipality 
  • Local administration of cities come under state govt.Local Government is a State subject figuring as item 5 in List II of the Seventh Schedule to the Constitution of India. state government formed departments that works for the development of a metropolitan city, which has a population of more than 1 million.
  • The main functions of the district collector were to supervise general administration, to collect land revenue and to maintain law and order in the district.
     
QUESTION: 8

Which of the following is False

Solution:

municipal corporation is corporate and political entity organized by the residents of the area to operate within a prescribed geographic area for the purpose of providing public services.

QUESTION: 9

Hindu Succession Amendment Act

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

According to which act son, daughter and their mothers can get equals shares in the land

Solution:

The correct option is Option B.
The Hindu Succession (Amendment) Act, 2005, an amendment to the Hindu Succession Act, 1956, received the assent from President of India on 5 September 2005 and was given effect from 9 September 2005.[1] It was essentially meant for removing gender discriminatory provisions regarding property rights in the Hindu Succession Act, 1956. It was a revolutionary step in the field of Indian legislation regarding rights of women in India.
 

QUESTION: 11

Patwari perform the following function except

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

Which of the following is false regarding Gram Sabha

Solution:

The correct option is Option A.

Seats shall be reserved for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes in every Gram Panchayat

In West Bengal, the Panchayat Constitution Rule was modified in 1993 so as to reserve one- third of the councillor positions in each GP to women, and a share equal to their population for SCs and STs; in a third of the villages in each GP, only women could be candidates for the position of councilor for the area.

The Gram Sabha prevents the Panchayat from doing wrong things like misusing money or favouring certain people. It plays an important role in keeping an eye on the elected representatives and in making them responsible to the persons who elected them.

The Gram Sabha is a key factor in making the Gram Panchayat play its role and be responsible. It is the place where all plans for the work of the Gram Panchayat are placed before the people. The Gram Sabha prevents the Panchayat from doing wrong things like misusing money or favouring certain people.

The Work of the Gram Panchayat includes:

Levy and collect local taxes. Execute government schemes related to employment.

QUESTION: 13

Patwari is also known as

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

Which of the following is false regarding Gram Panchayat

Solution:

Thus the Gram Sabha is a key factor in making the gram panchayat to play its role and be responsible. It is the place where all plans for the work of the gram panchayat are placed before the people. Gram Sabha prevents the panchayat from doing wrong things like misuse of money for favouring certain people.
Every village panchayat may levy in its area a [property tax] a profession tax, an advertisement tax and an entertainment tax. ... A duty shall also be levied in every village panchayat area on transfers of property in accordance with the provisions of section 206.
In 1993, a constitutional amendment was passed in India that called for a random one third of village council leader, or Sarpanch, positions in gram panchayat to be reserved for women.

QUESTION: 15

Which of the following are the function of Gram Panchayat 
I. The construction and maintenance of water sources, roads, drainage, school buildings and other common property resources. 
II. It plays an important role in keeping an eye on the elected representatives and in making them responsible to the persons who elected them
III. Levying and collecting local taxes. 
IV. Executing government schemes related to generating employment in the village.
Options are as follows

Solution:

Correct Answer :- b

Explanation : The Gram sabha checks the wrong decisions taken by the Gram Panchayat

It plays an important role in keeping an eye on the elected representatives and in making them responsible to the persons who elected them.

QUESTION: 16

Match the following 
a. First Level 
b. Second Level 
c. Third Level
I. Zila Parishad
II. Gram Panchayat 
III. Panchayat Samiti 
Options are as follows

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

What is the system of Local Self Government on the Panchayati raj set up

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

The Panchayati Raj system was adopted to

Solution:

A is the correct option.Mahatma Gandhi advocated Panchayati Raj, a decentralized form of Government where each village is responsible for its own affairs, as the foundation of India's political system. ... It was adopted by state governments during the 1950s and 60s as laws were passed to establish Panchayats in various states.

QUESTION: 19

____ are important for determining the rightful owner of the land

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

Tehsildar perform the following function except

Solution:

C is the correct option.The Tahsildars and Naib-Tahsildars are responsible for the collection of land revenue and other dues payable to the Government and He supports the work of Patwari, but Profession tax is the tax levied and collected by the state governments in India.

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