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Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government

Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government below.
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Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 1

What is the main task of the National Integration Council?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 1
The main task of the National Integration Council (NIC) is to examine the problem of national integration in all its aspects and make necessary recommendations to deal with it. The NIC was constituted to combat the evils of communalism, casteism, regionalism, and linguism. It plays a crucial role in addressing the challenges and promoting unity and harmony among diverse groups in our country.
Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 2

Who chairs the National Integration Council?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 2
The National Integration Council (NIC) is chaired by the Prime Minister of India. As the head of the council, the Prime Minister plays a key role in guiding and overseeing the efforts to promote national integration and address the various challenges related to communalism, casteism, regionalism, and linguism.
Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 3

When was the first meeting of the National Integration Council held?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 3
The first meeting of the National Integration Council (NIC) took place in 1962. It was convened as a follow-up of the National Integration Conference held under the chairmanship of the then Prime Minister Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru in 1961. Since then, the NIC has played a significant role in addressing the challenges to national integration and promoting harmony in our country.
Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 4
What is a coalition government?
Detailed Solution for Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 4
A coalition government is a government formed by multiple political parties. In coalition politics or coalition government, several political parties join hands to form a government and exercise political power based on a common agreed programme/agenda. This allows for the accommodation of diverse interests and the representation of different groups in the functioning of the government.
Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 5
What is a drawback of a coalition government?
Detailed Solution for Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 5
A drawback of a coalition government is the possibility of instability. Due to the differences of opinion among the coalition partners on policy issues, coalition governments are prone to collapse. This can lead to frequent changes in government and hinder the smooth functioning of the political system.
Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 6
What is the advantage of a coalition government?
Detailed Solution for Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 6
One of the advantages of a coalition government is that it provides greater representation of diverse interests. In a highly diversified country like India, with different cultures, languages, castes, religions, and ethnic groups, a coalition government allows for the inclusion of various perspectives and better reflects the popular opinion of the electorate.
Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 7
What role do regional parties play in a coalition government?
Detailed Solution for Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 7
Regional parties in a coalition government bring regional factors into national decision-making. These parties represent the interests and concerns of specific regions and exert pressure on the central executive to act in accordance with their demands. This ensures that regional perspectives are taken into account in national-level decision-making processes.
Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 8
What is the composition of the National Integration Council?
Detailed Solution for Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 8
The National Integration Council (NIC) includes a diverse composition of members. It consists of Cabinet ministers, Chief Ministers of states, political leaders, Chairman of the University Grants Commission, Commissioner for Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes, and representatives of industry, business, and trade unions. This composition ensures the representation of various stakeholders in addressing the challenges to national integration.
Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 9
What is the purpose of a coalition adjustment?
Detailed Solution for Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 9
The purpose of a coalition adjustment is to seize power. Political parties form coalitions either before or after elections in order to secure a majority and exercise political power. A pre-poll coalition is considered advantageous as it provides a common platform for political parties to attract voters based on a joint manifesto.
Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 10
How does coalition politics strengthen the federal fabric of the Indian political system?
Detailed Solution for Test: Reconstitution of National Integration Council and Coalition Government - Question 10
Coalition politics strengthens the federal fabric of the Indian political system by accommodating diverse interests. A coalition government is more sensitive and responsive to regional demands and concerns than a single-party government. This allows for a better representation of different regions and promotes a sense of inclusiveness in the decision-making process.
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