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Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - CTET & State TET MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test NCERT Textbooks (Class 6 to Class 12) - Test: Role of Government in Health- 2

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Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 1

The ______ is a chain of health centres and hospitals run by the government

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 1

The public health service is a chain of health centres and hospitals run by the government. They are linked together so that they cover both rural and urban areas and can also provide treatment to all kinds of problems – from common illnesses to special services.

Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 2

What was the original full name of UNICEF 

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 2

United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund - an agency of the United Nations responsible for programs to aid education and the health of children and mothers in developing countries.

In1953, it's name was changed to United Nations Children's Fund though it still uses the same acronym.

Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 3

The government must safeguard the _____ of every person

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 3

Right to life is one of the basic rights which is important for the well being of person.

Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 4

If a hospital cannot provide timely medical treatment to a person, it means that which right is violated

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 4

Of all the available fundamental rights, the most fundamental is the Right to Life. ... Article 21 guarantees the protection of life and personal liberty to every individual and states that, "No person shall be deprived of his life and personal liberty except according to procedure established by law.

Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 5

RMPs

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 5

The correct option is Option C.
Registered Medical Practitioner means a person who has got registration in a State Medical Council after finishing the undergraduate medical course in a college recognised by state government and approved by Medical Council of India.
RMP is permitted to practice medicine. Technically, no person other than an RMP, who practices medicine, suffixes RMP after his name.
But, in real practice, no MBBS graduate suffixes RMP. At the same time, the lot without a medical qualification suffixes RMP giving a full form ‘Rural Medical Practitioner’. It is illegal.
 

Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 6

In India, is in a situation where

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 6

In India, we face a situation where private services are increasing but public services are not. As these services are run for profit, the cost of these services is rather high.

Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 7

In which year the Kerala government made some major changes in the state. Forty per cent of the entire state budget was given to panchayats

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 7
The Kerala government made some major changes in the state in the year 1996. One of the significant changes was the allocation of forty per cent of the entire state budget to panchayats. This decision aimed to empower local self-government bodies and promote decentralization of power.
Here is a detailed explanation of the major changes made by the Kerala government in 1996:
Allocation of 40% of the state budget to panchayats:
- The Kerala government decided to allocate a significant portion of the state budget, specifically forty per cent, to panchayats.
- This move aimed to strengthen the local self-government bodies and promote local development initiatives.
- The increased budgetary allocation allowed panchayats to have more financial resources to address the needs and requirements of the local communities.
Empowerment of local self-government bodies:
- The decision to allocate a substantial portion of the state budget to panchayats was a step towards empowering the local self-government bodies.
- It gave panchayats more authority and resources to plan and implement development projects at the grassroots level.
- This empowerment aimed to bring decision-making closer to the people and ensure better governance and service delivery at the local level.
Promotion of decentralization of power:
- The allocation of a significant portion of the state budget to panchayats was part of the government's efforts to promote decentralization of power.
- By giving more financial autonomy to panchayats, the government aimed to distribute power and resources more evenly across the state.
- Decentralization of power helps in reducing the concentration of authority at higher levels and allows for better participation and representation of local communities in decision-making processes.
In conclusion, the Kerala government made some major changes in the state in 1996, including the allocation of forty per cent of the state budget to panchayats. This decision aimed to empower local self-government bodies, promote decentralization of power, and improve governance and service delivery at the grassroots level.
Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 8

Costa Rica is considered to be one of the healthiest countries in

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 8

Along with being one of the happiest places in the world, it turns out Costa Rica is among the healthiest. A recent study by Bloomberg ranks Costa Rica as the healthiest country in Latin America and 24th worldwide.

Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 9

Which sector is given importance in Costa Rica

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 9
Answer:
Which sector is given importance in Costa Rica?
The sector given importance in Costa Rica is Health and Education.
Explanation:
Costa Rica is known for its strong commitment to social development and human welfare. The country places great importance on the health and education sectors to ensure the well-being and progress of its citizens.
1. Health Sector:
- Costa Rica has a well-developed healthcare system that provides universal healthcare coverage to its population.
- The government invests significantly in healthcare infrastructure, facilities, and services to ensure accessible and quality healthcare for all.
- There is a focus on preventive healthcare measures, public health programs, and disease control initiatives.
- Costa Rica is also a hub for medical tourism, attracting people from around the world for affordable and high-quality medical treatments.
2. Education Sector:
- Education is highly valued in Costa Rica, and the government has made significant efforts to ensure access to quality education for all its citizens.
- The country has a high literacy rate and a well-developed education system.
- Investments are made in infrastructure, teacher training, and curriculum development to provide quality education at all levels.
- Costa Rica is known for its strong emphasis on environmental education and sustainability, promoting a culture of conservation and eco-awareness.
Overall, Costa Rica's emphasis on the health and education sectors reflects its commitment to social development, human welfare, and creating a well-rounded society.
Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 10

These are diseases that are spread from one person to another in many ways such as through water, food, air, etc.

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 10
Communicable diseases:
- Communicable diseases are those that can be spread from one person to another through various means such as water, food, air, and direct contact.
- These diseases are caused by pathogens such as bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.
- They can be transmitted through respiratory droplets, contaminated food and water, blood transfusions, sexual contact, and insect bites.
- Examples of communicable diseases include the common cold, influenza, tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, malaria, and cholera.
- The spread of communicable diseases can be prevented through measures such as proper hygiene practices, vaccination, safe food and water handling, and use of protective barriers (e.g., condoms).
- Public health interventions and disease surveillance are crucial in controlling the spread of communicable diseases.
Non-communicable diseases:
- Non-communicable diseases (NCDs) are not caused by infectious agents and cannot be transmitted from person to person.
- These diseases are typically chronic in nature, developing over a long period of time and often lasting for a lifetime.
- Common examples of NCDs include cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, chronic respiratory diseases, and mental health disorders.
- NCDs are often associated with lifestyle factors such as poor diet, physical inactivity, tobacco and alcohol use, and environmental exposures.
- Prevention and control of NCDs require a multi-sectoral approach, addressing risk factors and promoting healthy behaviors.
- Screening, early diagnosis, and management of NCDs are essential for reducing their impact on individuals and communities.
In this case, the correct answer is D: Communicable disease, as it refers to diseases that are spread from one person to another through various means.
Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 11

What percentage of all communicable diseases are water born

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 11
Waterborne Diseases:
Waterborne diseases are caused by microorganisms, such as bacteria, viruses, and parasites, that are transmitted through contaminated water. These diseases can lead to various health issues and can be a significant public health concern.
Percentage of Waterborne Diseases:
To determine the percentage of all communicable diseases that are waterborne, we need to consider the available data and statistics. However, it is important to note that the percentage may vary depending on the geographic location, sanitation practices, and access to clean water.
Available Data:
- According to the World Health Organization (WHO), waterborne diseases account for approximately 58% of all diseases in developing countries.
- The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) states that waterborne diseases are responsible for 3.4 million deaths each year.
Calculation:
Based on the available data, we can estimate the percentage of all communicable diseases that are waterborne as follows:
- Number of waterborne disease cases / Total number of communicable disease cases * 100
Using the data provided:
- 58 / 100 * 100 = 58%
Conclusion:
Based on the available data, approximately 58% of all communicable diseases are waterborne. However, it is important to note that this percentage may vary depending on different factors and regions. It is crucial to maintain proper water sanitation and hygiene practices to prevent the spread of waterborne diseases.
Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 12

This means a "courtyard shelter" in Hindi

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 12

The word Anganwadi means "courtyard shelter" in Indian languages. They were started by the Indian government in 1975 as part of the Integrated Child Development Services program to combat child hunger and malnutrition.

Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 13

BJP stands for

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 13
BJP stands for
- A: Bharatiya Janata Party
Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 14

MLA stands for

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 14
MLA stands for Member of the Legislative Assembly
- MLA is an acronym that stands for Member of the Legislative Assembly.
- The term is commonly used in political systems where the legislative branch is divided into different geographic regions, such as states or provinces.
- The role of an MLA varies depending on the specific political system, but generally, they are elected representatives who serve in the legislative assembly or chamber.
- MLAs are responsible for representing the interests of the constituents in their respective constituencies.
- They participate in debates, discussions, and voting on legislative matters.
- MLAs may also serve on committees, where they review and analyze proposed legislation, conduct inquiries, and make recommendations.
- In some political systems, the MLA position may be part-time, while in others, it may be a full-time role.
- MLAs are accountable to the electorate and are expected to engage with their constituents, address their concerns, and work towards their best interests.
- The specific responsibilities and powers of an MLA can vary depending on the jurisdiction and the political system in place.
- Examples of countries and regions that have MLAs include India, Canada, Australia, and various states in the United States.
Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 15

INC stands for

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 15
The Indian National Congress (INC, often called Congress) is a broadly based political party in India. Founded in 1885, it was the first modern nationalist movement to emerge in the British Empire in Asia and Africa.
Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 16

The Head of the State of republic of india is the

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 16

According to Article 52 of Constitution of India, the President is the head of state of the Republic of India. The President is the formal head of the executive, legislature and judiciary of India and also the commander-in-chief of the Indian Armed Forces.

Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 17

All the MLAs who gather together (assemble) in the legislative assembly are called the

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 17

Each state is divided into different areas called constituencies. From each constituency the people elect one representative who then becomes an MLA. These MLAs belong to different parties. A political party whose MLAs have won more than half the number of constituencies can be said to be in a majority. The political party that has majority is called the ruling party. All other parties are called the opposition.

Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 18

WHO stands for

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 18
WHO stands for World Health Organisation.
The World Health Organisation (WHO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations responsible for international public health. It was established on 7 April 1948 and is headquartered in Geneva, Switzerland. The main objective of WHO is to promote and coordinate international health within the United Nations system.
Key Points:
- The World Health Organisation is abbreviated as WHO.
- WHO is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
- It was established on 7 April 1948.
- The headquarters of WHO is in Geneva, Switzerland.
- The main objective of WHO is to promote and coordinate international health.
- WHO works towards improving healthcare systems, preventing diseases, and responding to global health crises.
- It provides technical assistance, conducts research, and sets global health standards.
- WHO collaborates with governments, organizations, and experts from around the world to achieve its goals.
- The organization has played a crucial role in various health initiatives and campaigns, including the eradication of smallpox and the fight against HIV/AIDS.
Conclusion:
In conclusion, WHO stands for World Health Organisation. It is an international organization that works towards improving global health and promoting public health measures worldwide.
Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 19

Why did Ranjan have to spend so much money on his treatment

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 19

Ranjan had to spend so much money on his treatment because he belonged to a well off family so they took him to a private hospitals which are relatively more expensive than the government hospitals.

Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 20

A disease that attacks a large number of people in an area at the same time is called an

Detailed Solution for Test: Role of Government in Health- 2 - Question 20

An epidemic is defined as “an outbreak of disease that spreads quickly and affects many individuals at the same time.

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