UPSC Exam  >  UPSC Tests  >  Geography for UPSC CSE  >  Important Questions Test: Agriculture - UPSC MCQ

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - UPSC MCQ


Test Description

20 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE - Important Questions Test: Agriculture

Important Questions Test: Agriculture for UPSC 2024 is part of Geography for UPSC CSE preparation. The Important Questions Test: Agriculture questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Important Questions Test: Agriculture MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Important Questions Test: Agriculture below.
Solutions of Important Questions Test: Agriculture questions in English are available as part of our Geography for UPSC CSE for UPSC & Important Questions Test: Agriculture solutions in Hindi for Geography for UPSC CSE course. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for UPSC Exam by signing up for free. Attempt Important Questions Test: Agriculture | 20 questions in 20 minutes | Mock test for UPSC preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Geography for UPSC CSE for UPSC Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you? Download the App
Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 1

Name the term given to the commercial rearing of silk worms to supplement the income of the farmer.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 1

The rearing of silkworm for obtaining silk is called sericulture.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 2

Name the term given to the Breeding of Fish in specially constructed tanks and ponds

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 2

Pisciculture also known as fish farming is the rearing of fish for food in enclosures such as fish ponds or tanks. The fish are reared and raised in enclosures such as cages, open nets, tanks and ponds.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 3

Name the term given to the Cultivation of grapes.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 3

Viticulture (from the Latin word for vine) or winegrowing (wine growing) is the cultivation and harvesting of grapes.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 4

Name the term given to Growing of Vegetables flowers and fruits for commercial use.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 4
Term: Horticulture
Horticulture refers to the practice of growing vegetables, flowers, and fruits for commercial use. It involves the cultivation, management, and production of plants in controlled environments such as gardens, nurseries, and greenhouses. Here's a detailed explanation of horticulture:
1. Definition:
- Horticulture is a branch of agriculture that focuses on plant cultivation for aesthetic, ornamental, and food purposes.
- It involves the science and art of growing and caring for plants to achieve optimal growth, yield, and quality.
2. Types of Horticulture:
- Floriculture: Growing and cultivating flowers for commercial purposes, including cut flowers, potted plants, and flower arrangements.
- Olericulture: Cultivation of vegetables for consumption, including leafy greens, root vegetables, and culinary herbs.
- Pomology: Production of fruits such as apples, oranges, berries, and other tree fruits.
- Viticulture: Cultivation of grapes for wine production.
- Arboriculture: Care and management of trees, including tree planting, pruning, and maintenance.
3. Techniques and Practices:
- Soil preparation: Ensuring the soil is suitable for plant growth by improving its fertility, structure, and drainage.
- Plant propagation: Reproducing plants through methods such as seed sowing, grafting, and tissue culture.
- Irrigation: Providing plants with adequate water through various methods like sprinklers, drip systems, or manual watering.
- Pest and disease management: Monitoring and controlling pests, insects, diseases, and weeds that can damage the plants.
- Harvesting and post-harvest handling: Collecting and processing the crops to maintain their quality and extend their shelf life.
4. Importance:
- Horticulture plays a vital role in providing food, ornamental plants, and economic opportunities.
- It contributes to food security by ensuring a steady supply of fresh produce.
- Horticultural practices promote environmental sustainability and conservation of natural resources.
- The industry supports job creation and economic growth, especially in rural areas.
- Horticulture enhances the aesthetic value of landscapes, gardens, and urban spaces.
In conclusion, horticulture is the term used for the commercial cultivation of vegetables, flowers, and fruits. It encompasses various techniques and practices to ensure optimal plant growth and production.
Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 5

Agriculture or farming can be looked at as a system. Which one among the following is not an important input of agriculture

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 5

Agriculture or farming is a system in which seeds, fertilizers, machinery, and labour are important inputs. Ploughing, sowing, irrigation, weeding, and harvesting are some of the operations.The outputs from the system include crops, dairy, wool and poultry products.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 6

Agriculture or farming can be looked at as a system. Which one among the following is not an important output of agriculture

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 6
 Output: The outputs from the system include crops, wool, dairy, poultry products, etc. hence, ploughing is not an output.
Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 7

The word agriculture is derived from the Latin words ager or agri and Culture meaning Cultivation . What does the word agri literally mean?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 7

The Latin root of agriculture is agri, or "field," plus cultura, "cultivation." Cultivating a piece of land, or planting and growing food plants on it.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 8

Analyse the following and identify which one among the following can be treated as Inputs to the agriculture system. 

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 8

Agricultural inputs range from improved seeds, fertilizers and crop protection chemicals to machinery, irrigation and knowledge. Seeds are critical to successful crop production and inevitably, farm productivity and profitability. Fertilizer supplies nutrients to the soil that are essential for growth

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 9

Crop plants may be attacked by pests which affect the crop production. Fungi are such type of pests which cause diseases like

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 9

Loose smut of wheat is caused by fungus Ustilago tritici, early blight of potato is caused by fungus Alternaria so/an/ and late blight of potato is caused by fungus Phytophthora infestans. Citrus canker is a bacterial disease caused by bacterium Xanthomonas.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 10

 

Which of the following are the important inputs for agriculture?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 10

The correct option is D

All of the above

 

The correct option is D.

Explanation of correct option:

  1. Agriculture is defined as the cultivation of food in a specific region and the application of some of the procedures for their improvement and management.
  2. The methods involved in the process of agriculture are sowing, preparation of soil, irrigation, manuring, storing, and harvesting.
  3. Based on modern techniques and requirements, all these procedures require inputs like a good amount of water, soil, seeds, pesticides, and fertilizers.
  4. Soil is a thin layer of substance formed of mineral particles, air, organic substances, living species, and water, which covers the surface of the Earth.
  5. Better quality soil, with proper aeration and mineral quantities, is one of the most essential requirements for the agriculture process.
  6. Modern methods like the use of chemicals comprising fertilizers and pesticides are also used in an extensive amount nowadays in the process of agriculture.
  7. Fertilizers are given to the crops to enhance their productivity, it comprises essential nutrients like potassium, nitrogen, and phosphorus.
  8. The chemical substances, which are formulated to kill the pests are pesticides, this comes in different forms like fungicides used to kill fungus, insecticides used to kill insects, and herbicides used to kill unwanted plants or weeds.
Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 11

From the following list of inputs, mention the one that is not a natural input in the agriculture system.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 11

All the inputs such as fertile soil, sunshine and earthworms are natural and organic matter whereas pesticides are the chemicals which are used to kill the pests that are destroying the crop.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 12

Name the type of farming practiced to meet the needs of the farmer's family i.e.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 12

Subsistence farming, form of farming in which nearly all of the crops or livestock raised are used to maintain the farmer and the farmer's family, leaving little, if any, surplus for sale or trade.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 13

Fill up the missing blank after analyzing the given image : 

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 13

Subsistence agriculture is often divided into three different types, including intensive subsistence, which is the traditional method, shifting cultivation, which relies on clearing forest to create new farm plots every few years and pastoral nomadism, which relies on traveling with herds of animals.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 14

Which one of the following best describes intensive subsistence agriculture?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 14

Intensive subsistence agriculture is a type of farming done primarily by hand, or with beasts of burden on small plots of land. This type of farming only produces enough output to support the farmer's family, not for commercial sale. Space constraints require every bit of land to be used.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 15

A few statements with respect to the farm in USA are given below. Pick out the one that is not TRUE

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 15

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 16

Shifting cultivation refers to :

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 16

Shifting cultivation is an agricultural system in which plots of land are cultivated temporarily, then abandoned while post-disturbance fallow vegetation is allowed to freely grow while the cultivator moves on to another plot. The period of cultivation is usually terminated when the soil shows signs of exhaustion or, more commonly, when the field is overrun by weeds. The length of time that a field is cultivated is usually shorter than the period over which the land is allowed to regenerate by lying fallow.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 17

This type of farming is practiced in the arid and semi-arid regions of Sahara, Central Asia, and Rajasthan etc. Herdsmen move from place to place with their animals for fodder and water along defined routes due to climatic constraints and terrain. Which type of farming is being referred to ?

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 17

The nomads techniques of agriculture. Nomads are people who travel around from place to place without having one settled place where they live. Most nomadic groups follow a fixed annual or seasonal pattern of movements and settlements.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 18

Name the type of farming followed from the given image 

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 19

Name the animal that is not reared by the nomadic herders as these animals provided milk, meat, wool etc.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 19

Nomads herd cattle, goats, sheep, and camels. Other animals managed by nomadic herders include horses, musk-oxen, and yaks. For many nomads, their herds provide meat, milk, and hides for their own use, as well as for trade.

Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 20

The main motive of this type of cultivation is profit .Large area of land and a huge amount of capital is used for cultivation with latest technological advancement . Name the type of farming from the given list.

Detailed Solution for Important Questions Test: Agriculture - Question 20

Commercial Farming In commercial Farming crops are grown and animals are reared for sale in the market, that is, for commercial purposes, while in Subsistence farming crops are grown mainly for the farmer's family needs.

175 videos|465 docs|231 tests
Information about Important Questions Test: Agriculture Page
In this test you can find the Exam questions for Important Questions Test: Agriculture solved & explained in the simplest way possible. Besides giving Questions and answers for Important Questions Test: Agriculture , EduRev gives you an ample number of Online tests for practice

Up next

175 videos|465 docs|231 tests
Download as PDF

Up next

How to Prepare for UPSC

Read our guide to prepare for UPSC which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers
Download the FREE EduRev App
Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!