MCQ: Manufacturing Industries - 4


20 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | MCQ: Manufacturing Industries - 4


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This mock test of MCQ: Manufacturing Industries - 4 for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 20 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC MCQ: Manufacturing Industries - 4 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this MCQ: Manufacturing Industries - 4 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this MCQ: Manufacturing Industries - 4 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other MCQ: Manufacturing Industries - 4 extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

The economic strength of a country is measured by the development of which of the following?

Solution:
QUESTION: 2

How can industrialisation assist in bringing in foreign exchange?

Solution:
QUESTION: 3

Which of the following developments usually follows industrial activity?

Solution:

Urbanization refers to the population shift from rural areas to urban areas, the gradual increase in the proportion of people living in urban areas, and the ways in which each society adapts to this change. This change can be due to the rapid industrialization for which the people may migrate.

QUESTION: 4

In which of the following groups of cities were most of the manufacturing units located in the pre-independence period?

Solution:

In the pre-independence period, most manufacturing units were located in places suitable for overseas trade like Mumbai, Kolkata, Chennai, etc. The reason was to reduce the cost of ​manufacturing (due to low transportation costs to bring-in raw materials) and transportation from manufacturing units to seaport.

QUESTION: 5

Many industries tend to come together to make use of the advantages offered by the urban centres known as agglomeration economies. Which of then following are the main advantages provided by cities to industries?

Solution:

Correct Answer :- a

Explanation : Many industries tend to come together to make use of the

advantages offered by the urban centres. Industrialisation and urbanisation go hand in hand. Cities provide markets and also provide services such as banking, insurance, transport, labour, consultants and financial advice, etc. to the industry.

QUESTION: 6

Which of the following is not a factor of production?

Solution:

According to economic theory, there are four main factors of production - land, labour, capital, and entrepreneurship. In the given options, first three are the factors of production while the fourth option of Product is not the main factor of production.

QUESTION: 7

Which of the following industries is in private sector?

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

Oil India Limited (OIL) belongs to which of the following types of industries?

Solution:

Oil India Limited (OIL) is the second largest hydrocarbon exploration and production Indian public sector company with its operational headquarters in Duliajan, Assam, India.

QUESTION: 9

Which of the following industries belongs to the category of heavy industries?

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

Which of the following techniques of cotton textile production came into use after the 18th century?

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

When and where was the first successful textile mill established in India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

Sixty percent of sugar mills are concentrated in which of the following states?

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

On the basis of character of raw material and finished product, iron and steel industry belongs to which category?

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QUESTION: 14

Which of the following public sector steel plants of India is located near a port?

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QUESTION: 15

Which of the following is the effect of liberalisation and foreign directm investment on iron and steel industry of India?

Solution:

Correct Answer :- d

Explanation : Liberalisation help our country's steel industries as it bring up with new technologies and better method of production.

QUESTION: 16

Which of the following is not an inorganic chemical?

Solution:

Organic chemistry covers practically all the carbon-containing compounds, while inorganic chemistry (inorganic matter) relates to the other elements of the periodic table and their compounds. Petrochemicals are chemical products derived from crude oil and natural gas.

QUESTION: 17

Which of the following inorganic chemicals is used for the making of glass, soaps, detergents and paper?

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

Which of the following industries is the largest consumer of chemicals?

Solution:

The correct option is C.
The chemical industry itself is the largest purchaser of chemical products. Crude oil has a tremendous impact on the chemicals industry because many plastics and polymers are manufactured from it

QUESTION: 19

Which of the following led to expansion of the fertiliser industry?

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

Why is there a tendency of the sugar mills to shift and concentrate in Maharashtra?

Solution:

Cement is essential for construction activity such as building houses, factories, bridges, roads, airports, dams and for other commercial establishments. The first cement plant was set up in Chennai in 1904.

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