Model Tests Paper - 2


20 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Model Tests Paper - 2


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This mock test of Model Tests Paper - 2 for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 20 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Model Tests Paper - 2 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Model Tests Paper - 2 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this Model Tests Paper - 2 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Model Tests Paper - 2 extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

Most of the weather phenomena takes place in troposphere only because

Solution:
QUESTION: 2

The actual moisture content of a sample of air asa percentage of that contained in the same volumeof saturated air at the same temperature iscalled

Solution:

The correct answer is B as The actual moisture content of a sample of air asa percentage of that contained in the same volume of saturated air at the same temperature is called relative humidity.

QUESTION: 3

Which one of the following regions receives therainfall throughout the year due to westerly winds?

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

Which one of the following combinations is responsiblefor higher salinity in ocean water ?

Solution:

B is the correct option.Low rainfall, low supply of fresh water and high evaporation are the main reason of high salinity. Salinity can affect the density of ocean water: Water that has higher salinity is denser and heavier and will sink underneath less saline, warmer water.

QUESTION: 5

Which one of the following is NOT a factor modifyingocean currents ?

Solution:

The correct option is B.
The factors that can modify the currents are direction and shape of coastlines, bottom reliefs of the ocean basins, seasonal variations and rotation of the earth. Ocean circulation is driven by winds and by differences in water density.

QUESTION: 6

Consider the following statements :

The horizontal distribution of temperature of ocean water is largely affected by
1. depth of water in the ocean
2. ocean currents
3. prevailing winds
4. latitude

Which of these are correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

Consider the following statements :

1. Hydrogenous deposits are formed very slowly
2. Phosphates are found either in the form of nodules or in the form of thin crust
3. Glauconite is a biogenous sediment

Which of these are correct?

Solution:

Hydrogenous sediments are sediments solidified out of ocean water. As such, chemical reactions create these kinds of sediments. The precipitation of dissolved chemicals from seawater. These kinds of sediments are found commonly near hydrothermal vents.
Phosphate nodules: These are spherical concentrations that are randomly distributed along the floor of continental shelves. Most phosphorite grains are sand size although particles greater than 2 mm may be present. These larger grains, referred to as nodules, can range up to several tens of centimeters in size.
 

QUESTION: 8

Consider the following relief features :

1. Zanskar Range
2. Dhauladhar Range
3. Laddakh Range
4. Karakorma Range

The correct northward sequence of these relief features is

Solution:

The correct sequence of these mountain ranges from south to north are
Dhauladhar Range, Zanskar Range, Ladakh Range and Karakoram.

QUESTION: 9

Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer.

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer.

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer.

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

Consider the following statements :

Tropical crops, which are in great demand in Anglo- America and Europe, are produced in great variety and volume in Latin America and Africa because of

1. availability of a cultivable land and suitability of soil conditions
2. combination of climatic and topographical conditions
3. lack of mineral resources for trading purpose
4. non-existence of agro-based industries

Which of these are correct?

Solution:

The category “tropical crops” refers to plants that grow in tropical climates. ropical climates are generally warm to hot year-round. Depending on the location many tropical areas have a dry and wet season.

QUESTION: 13

Match List-I with List-II and select the correct answer.

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

Consider the following countries of South Africa :

1. Botswana
2. Lesotho
3. Zambia
4. Zimbabwe

The correct sequence of these countries, in termsof their proximity to the equator, is

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

Earthquakes along the Himalayas and the foothills are best explained in terms of

Solution:

The Himalaya are among the most seismically active regions in the world, the result of an ongoing collision between two continental plates tectonics: the Indian and the Eurasian.Each jerky advance causes earthquakes of varying intensity

QUESTION: 16

Which of the following is the first biosphere reservein India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

Consider the following statements:

I. The habitat of Date Palms is warm deserts with little or no rainfall.

II. Date Palm is a tree of waterless desert.

Solution:

Correct Answer :- c

Explanation : a) The Date palm (Phoenix dactylifera L.) is grown throughout the arid and semiarid regions of the world, particularly in West Asia and North Africa. It is well adapted to the desert environment, where a dry and warm climate is important for fruit maturity and ripening.

Date palm trees are the tress which require only little amount of water. deserts are the areas where the temperature is high and rainfall is low.

b) The huge leaves are made to survive a hot, dry climate, and adapt the tree to long summers without rain, but the palm needs a source of regular water. The date palm's ideal growing conditions are found in the more watery areas of the subtropical deserts of the Middle East: oases and river banks.

QUESTION: 18

Consider the following statements:

I. Increase in agricultural production in China has been due to higher per hectare yields.

II. China accomplished socialist transformation in all

Solution:

Answer B

Statement 1 is incorrect

China has also increased the amount of “sown area” to increase output. This has been achieved by extending irrigation to previously rainfed cropland. Extending irrigation increases the output from that land and enables more than one crop to be grown each year.

Statement 2 is correct

China has maintained a one-party socialist dictatorship on the political level, while public ownership of all industrial enterprises had been virtually achieved. It appears that targets relating to the functional transformation of government to a socialist country had completed.

QUESTION: 19

Consider the following statements:

I. Peninsular India is a region free from tectonicdisturbances.

II. The configuration and drainage of peninsularIndia are influenced by fracturing and tiltingof the massif.

Solution:

The Peninsular drainage system is older than the Himalayan one. This is evident from the broad, largely-graded shallow valleys, and the maturity of the rivers.

Evolution: Three major geological events in the distant past have shaped the present drainage systems of Peninsular India:

  • Subsidence of the western flank of the Peninsula leading to its submergence below the sea during the early tertiary period. Generally, it has disturbed the symmetrical plan of the river on either side of the original watershed and left just the upper parts of west flowing rivers above the sea level.

  • Upheaval of the Himalayas when the northern flank of the Peninsular block was subjected to subsidence and the consequent trough faulting. The Narmada and The Tapi flow in trough faults and fill the original cracks with their detritus materials. Hence, there is a lack of alluvial and deltaic deposits in these rivers.

  • Slight tilting of the Peninsular block from north-west to the southeastern direction gave orientation to the entire drainage system towards the Bay of Bengal during the same period.

QUESTION: 20

Consider the following statements:

I. In winters, the northern half of India is warmerthan areas at similar latitudes outside the countryby 3°C to 8°C.

II. the presence of the Himalayas with their eastand west extent is the cause.

Solution:

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