World Geography - Practice Test (1)


24 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | World Geography - Practice Test (1)


Description
This mock test of World Geography - Practice Test (1) for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 24 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC World Geography - Practice Test (1) (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this World Geography - Practice Test (1) quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this World Geography - Practice Test (1) exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other World Geography - Practice Test (1) extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

The deepest part of Ocean is:

Solution:

The correct answer is A as The marina trench is located in the western pacific ocean about 200 kms east of the marina islands.

QUESTION: 2

The lowest point of Dead Sea is lying between:

Solution:

A is the correct option. Dead Sea, landlocked salt lake between Israel and Jordan in southwestern Asia. It has the lowest elevation and is the lowest body of water on the surface of Earth.

QUESTION: 3

Suez canal is between:

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

The world largest coffee producer is:

Solution: Brazil is the world's largest coffee producer. In 2016, Brazil produced a staggering 2,595,000 metric tons of coffee beans. It is not a new development, as Brazil has been the highest global producer of coffee beans for over 150 years.
QUESTION: 5

The aborigines of North America are called:

Solution: Aboriginal peoples in Canada comprise the First Nations, Inuit and Metis; the descriptors "Indian" and "Eskimo" are falling into disuse. "Indian" is a name that originated from foreigners.And aborigines of north indian called Red indians
QUESTION: 6

Gilbert Islands till recently a British Colony are known as:

Solution:

A is the correct option.The Gilbert Islands are the main part of what is now the Republic of Kiribati ("Kiribati" is the Gilbertese rendition of "Gilberts") The atolls of the Gilbert Islands are arranged in an approximate north-to-south line.

QUESTION: 7

Which of the following is a rift valley:

Solution:

The Upper Rhine Plain, Rhine Rift Valley or Upper Rhine Graben (German: Oberrheinische Tiefebene, Oberrheinisches Tiefland or Oberrheingraben, French: Vallée du Rhin) is a major rift, about 350-kilometre-long (220 mi) and on average 50-kilometre-wide (31 mi), between Basel in the south and the cities of Frankfurt/Wiesbaden in the north. Its southern section straddles the border between France and Germany. It forms part of the European Cenozoic Rift System, which extends across central Europe. The Upper Rhine Graben formed during the Oligocene as a response to the evolution of the Alps to the south and remains active to the present day. Today, the Rhine Rift Valley forms a downfaulted trough through which the river Rhine flows.

QUESTION: 8

Forest soil is:

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

How is termed a period of dry weather, caused by lack of rain?

Solution:

A drought is a prolonged period with less-than-average amounts of rain or snow in a particular region. The severity of the drought depends on the amount of time that a region receives below-average precipitation.

QUESTION: 10

The United Kingdom consists of England and:

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

Consider the following statements about continental shelf:

(i) It is the shallowest part of the ocean.

(ii) The Siberian shelf is largest in the world.

Which of the above statements is/are INCORRECT ?

Solution:

A continental shelf is a portion of a continent that is submerged under an area of relatively shallow water known as a shelf sea. Much of these shelves has been exposed during glacial periods and interglacial periods.The Siberian Shelf, one of the Arctic Ocean coastal shelves (such as the Milne Ice Shelf), is the largest continental shelf of the Earth, a part of the continental shelf of Russia. It extends from the continent of Eurasia in the general area of North Siberia (hence the name) into the Arctic Ocean. It stretches to 1,500 kilometers (930 mi) offshore. It is relatively shallow, with an average depth of 100 m.

QUESTION: 12

Which of the following statements is INCORRECT?

Solution:

Answer:b

Explanation

A mid-oceanic ridge is composed of two chains of mountains separated by a large depression. The mountain ranges can have peaks as high as 2,500 m and some even reach above the ocean’s surface. Iceland, a part of the mid- Atlantic Ridge, is an example. Seamount is a mountain with pointed summits, rising from the seafloor that does not reach the surface of the ocean. Seamounts are volcanic in origin.

These can be 3,000-4,500 m tall. The Emperor seamount, an extension of the Hawaiian Islands in the Pacific Ocean, is a good example.

 

QUESTION: 13

Which of the followings is a cold current?

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

The letter ‘E’ in the koeppen’s classification represents:

Solution:

Answer: c

Explanation

A - Tropical

B - Dry Climates

C - Warm Temperate

D - Cold Snow Forest Climates

E - Cold Climates

H - High Land Cold due to elevation

QUESTION: 15

Which of the following pairs is NOT correct?

Solution:

Answer: a

Explanation

  • Cocos plate : Between Central America and Pacific plate
  • Nazca plate : Between South America and Pacific plate
  • Arabian plate : Mostly the Saudi Arabian landmass
  • Philippine plate : Between the Asiatic and Pacific plate

 

QUESTION: 16

Consider the given statements about the light year and mark the correct one:

Solution:

Light travels at a speed of 300,000 km/second. Considering this, the distances the light will travel in one year is taken to be one light year. This equals to 9.4611012 km. The mean distance between the sun and the earth is 149,598,000 km.

QUESTION: 17

Choose the correct option:

Assertion(A): The gravitation force (g) is greater near the poles and less at the equator.

Reason(R): This is because of the distance from the centre at the equator being greater than that at the poles.

Solution:

Answer: a

Explanation

The gravitation force (g) is not the same at different latitudes on the surface. It is greater near the poles and less at the equator. This is because of the distance from the centre at the equator being greater than that at the poles.

 

QUESTION: 18

The Hawaiian volcanoes are the most famous examples of:

Solution:

Answer: a

Explanation

Shield Volcanoes: The Hawaiian volcanoes are the most famous examples. A volcano is a place where gases, ashes and/or molten rock material – lava – escape to the ground. A volcano is called an active volcano if the materials mentioned are being released or have been released out in the recent past.

 

QUESTION: 19

Which one of following regions does the Bushmen tribe belong to?

Solution:

Thousands of Bushmen lived in the vast expanse of the Kalahari Desert for many millennia. But today most have been moved, many argue forcibly, to government-built resettlement camps far from the reserve. There are an estimated 100,000 Bushmen across southern Africa, mainly in Botswana, Namibia, South Africa and Zambia.

QUESTION: 20

The mountain range that separates Europe from Asia is

Solution:

Asia is separated from Europe by the Ural mountains on the west. The combined landmass of Europe and Asia is called Eurasia (Europe + Asia).

QUESTION: 21

Consider the following statements:

(i) Block Mountains are created when large areas are broken and displaced vertically.

(ii) The Vosges Mountain in Europe is an example of Horst

Which of the above statements is/are correct?

Solution:

The correct option is Option C.
Block Mountains: When large areas are broken and displaced vertically, Block Mountains are formed. In this case, the uplifted blocks are called horsts. On the other hand, the lowered blocks are called graben.
The Vosges Mountains in France and Black Forest in Germany are examples of horsts, as are the Table, Jura, the Dole mountains and the Rila - Rhodope Massif including the well defined horsts of Belasitsa (linear horst), Rila mountain (vaulted domed shaped horst) and Pirin mountain - a horst forming a massive anticline.
 

QUESTION: 22

Which of the following group of countries is most famous for exporting wool and meat?

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

Which of the following industries is most developed in the Great Lakes region of North America?

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

Two places on the same meridian must have the same—

Solution:

They should have the same solar time. Solar time is a calculation of the passage of time based on the sun's position in the sky. Day is the fundamental unit of solar time.