NEET Thermodynamics Syllabus:1. Basic Concepts of Thermodynamics
- Definition of thermodynamics
- System and surroundings
- Types of systems
- State variables and state functions
- Thermodynamic equilibrium
- Zeroth law of thermodynamics
- Temperature and its measurement
2. Laws of Thermodynamics
- First law of thermodynamics
- Internal energy and its measurement
- Enthalpy and its measurement
- Heat and work
- Application of the first law of thermodynamics
- Second law of thermodynamics
- Entropy and its measurement
- Carnot's theorem and Carnot cycle
- Heat engines and refrigerators
3. Heat Transfer
- Conduction
- Fourier's law of heat conduction
- Thermal conductivity
- Convection
- Newton's law of cooling
- Radiation
- Stefan-Boltzmann law
- Blackbody radiation
4. Thermodynamic Processes
- Isothermal process
- Adiabatic process
- Isobaric process
- Isochoric process
- Polytropic process
- Reversible and irreversible processes
- Quasi-static process
5. Thermodynamic Equations
- Equation of state
- Ideal gas equation
- Van der Waals equation
- Maxwell's relations
- Gibbs-Duhem equation
- Clapeyron equation
6. Thermodynamic Potentials
- Internal energy
- Enthalpy
- Helmholtz free energy
- Gibbs free energy
7. Phase Transitions and Chemical Thermodynamics
- Phase equilibrium
- Phase diagrams
- Solid-liquid-gas equilibrium
- Chemical potential
- Reaction quotient
- Equilibrium constant
- Hess's law
- Enthalpy of formation
NEET Kinetic Theory Syllabus:1. Kinetic Theory of Gases
- Introduction to kinetic theory
- Ideal gas equation and its derivation
- Kinetic interpretation of temperature, pressure, and volume
- Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution of molecular speeds
- Mean free path and collision frequency
- Kinetic energy and root mean square velocity
2. Laws of Thermodynamics and Kinetic Theory
- Relationship between temperature and kinetic energy
- Equipartition theorem
- Specific heat capacities of gases
- Degrees of freedom and their relation to energy
3. Real Gases and Deviations from Ideal Behavior
- Van der Waals equation of state
- Compressibility factor
- Virial equation of state
- Qualitative explanation of deviations from ideal behavior
4. Brownian Motion
- Introduction to Brownian motion
- Explanation of Brownian motion using kinetic theory
- Einstein's explanation of Brownian motion
5. Transport Phenomena
- Mean free path and diffusion
- Viscosity and its measurement
- Stokes' law
- Reynolds number
- Bernoulli's equation and its applications
6. Kinetic Theory and Thermodynamics
- Relationship between macroscopic and microscopic properties
- Connection between entropy and probability
- Boltzmann's entropy formula
- Statistical interpretation of the second law of thermodynamics
7. Heat Conduction in Solids
- Introduction to heat conduction
- Derivation of Fourier's law using kinetic theory
- Thermal conductivity and its measurement
8. Kinetic Theory and Quantum Mechanics
- Introduction to quantum mechanics
- Wave-particle duality
- Heisenberg's uncertainty principle
- Connection between classical and quantum statistics
9. Brownian Motion and Quantum Mechanics
- Quantum interpretation of Brownian motion
- Schrödinger equation for a free particle
- Wave function and probability density
10. Quantum Statistics
- Bose-Einstein statistics
- Fermi-Dirac statistics
- Pauli exclusion principle
- Applications of quantum statistics in physics and chemistry
This course is helpful for the following exams: NEET