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Quick Revision Questions: Physical Features of India

FAQs on Quick Revision Questions: Physical Features of India Video Lecture - Flash Cards for Class 9

1. What are the major physical features of India?
Ans. The major physical features of India include the Himalayan mountain range, the Indo-Gangetic plain, the Thar Desert, the Western Ghats, and the Eastern Ghats.
2. What is the significance of the Himalayan mountain range in India?
Ans. The Himalayan mountain range in India is significant as it acts as a natural barrier, protecting the country from the cold winds of Central Asia. It is also the source of major rivers like the Ganga, Brahmaputra, and their tributaries, which provide water for irrigation and hydroelectric power generation.
3. How does the Indo-Gangetic plain contribute to India's agriculture?
Ans. The Indo-Gangetic plain is known as the "breadbasket of India" due to its fertile soil and abundant water resources. It supports the cultivation of various crops like wheat, rice, sugarcane, and cotton, making it a major agricultural region in the country.
4. What are the characteristics of the Thar Desert in India?
Ans. The Thar Desert is characterized by its arid and extreme climatic conditions. It is the largest desert in India and experiences very low rainfall. The desert is known for its sand dunes, sparse vegetation, and unique wildlife species adapted to the desert environment.
5. How do the Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats contribute to India's biodiversity?
Ans. The Western Ghats and Eastern Ghats are biodiversity hotspots in India. They are home to a wide range of plant and animal species, many of which are endemic. These mountain ranges act as barriers to the monsoon winds, resulting in high rainfall and supporting diverse ecosystems, including dense forests and numerous rivers.
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