The government makes agreements on budgetary policy . when it takes offices budgetary policy is determined by the government's expenditures and revenues plan and expected national and international economic development over the next four years
Parallel lines then you are talking about latitude. because, longitudes are not parallel to each other, they shrink towards poles.
an9d no of total parallel lines is 181
90( from 1°N- 90°N) lines in northern hemisphere
90(from 1°S-90°S) lines in southern hemisphere
1( 0°)is equtorial line
so, they are total 181 in numbers.
90°N and 90°S is just like a point.
so, if we are talking about parallel , ... morethey will be 179 in numbers.
Yes, it is a borrowed constitution. because -
1. parliamentary system and political part has taken from British constitution
( structural part of constitution i.e,
GOI act, 1935)
2. philosophical part i.e, fundamental rights from american constitution, directive principles of State policy from Irish constitution
3. fundamental duties from russia
and there are so many articles which are borrowed ... morefrom other countries like Japan, Australia, Canada
• All statements are correct: E-Waste • E-waste-connected health risks may result from direct contact with harmful materials such as lead, cadmium,chromium, mercury, brominated flame retardants or polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), PVCs, etc from inhalation of toxic fumes, as well as from accumulation of chemicals in soil, water and food. In addition to its hazardous components, being processed, e-waste can give rise to a number of toxic by-products likely to affect human health. • It is estimated that more than 50MT E-Waste is generated globally every year - A report of the United Nations predicted that by 2020, E-Waste from old computers would jump by 400% on 2007 levels in China and by 500% in India - Additionally E-Waste from discarded mobile phones would be about seven times higher than 2007 levels in China and in India 18 timers higher by 2020 - China already produces about 2.3 million tonnes of E-Waste domestically second only to the US with about 3 million tonnes . • Rapid growth of technology, upgradation of technical innovations, and a high rate of obsolescence in the electronics industry have led to one of the fastest growing waste streams in the world which consist of end of life electrical and electronic equipment product such as refrigerator, Washing machines, Computers and Printers, Televisions, Mobiles, IPod etc. • Many of which contain toxic materials consisting of – 1. Ferrous & Non-ferrous Metals Plastics, Glass, Wood etc. 2. Iron & Steel -50% 3. Plastics - 21% 4. Non-ferrous metal -13% 5. Mercury, Arsenic, Lead etc.
It is a inverse relationship between rates of unemployment and corresponding rates of inflation that result in an economy. Stated Simply, decreased unemployment in an economy will correlate with a higher rates of inflation.
The Supreme Court held that the power of Parliament to diminish the area of a state (under Article 3) does not cover cession of Indian territory to a foreign country. Hence, Indian territory can be ceded to a foreign state only by amending the Constitution under Article 368. Consequently, the 9th Constitutional Amendment Act (1960) was enacted to transfer the said territory to Pakistan.
On the other hand, the Supreme Court in 1969 ruled that, settlement of a boundary dispute between India and another country does not require a constitutional amendment. It can be done by executive action as it does not involve cession of Indian Territory to a foreign country.
Statement 1 is incorrect: Elections in India are held for the Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha, the State Legislative Assemblies (Vidhan Sabha), Legislative Council (Vidhan Parishad) and other key representatives like President, Vice-President, etc.
Elections System in India
Elections are conducted as per constitutional provisions and the laws made by the Parliament.
Article 324 of the Indian Constitution explains the provision of the election commission in India.
There are two systems of election which are followed in India, i.e., First Past the Post (FPTP) system and Proportional Representation (PR)
The ﬁrst past the post system has opted for direct elections of Lok Sabha and State Legislative Assembly, but for indirect elections, i.e. Rajya Sabha and Legislative Council Elections, or for the election of President and Vice President, proportional representation system is adopted.
Under First Past, the Post (FPTP) system, a candidate who gets one vote more than another candidate (who comes second) is declared as the winner.
In proportional representation, a number of seats won by a party or group of candidates are proportionate to the number of votes received.
Statement 1 is incorrect: Added a new article 21-A in Fundamental Rights. Statement 2 is incorrect: Changed the subject matter of Article 45 in Directive Principles. Eighty-Sixth Amendment Act, 2002
Made elementary education a fundamental right. The newly-added Article 21-A declares that “the State shall provide free and compulsory education to all children of the age of six to fourteen years in such manner as the State may determine”.
Changed the subject matter of Article 45 in Directive Principles. It now reads— “The State shall endeavour to provide early childhood care and education for all children until they complete the age of six years”.
Added a new fundamental duty under Article 51-A which reads—“It shall be the duty of every citizen of India who is a parent or guardian to provide opportunities for education to his child or ward between the age of six and fourteen years”.
Option (c) is correct: Soliﬂuction is a slow movement
These movements are most prevalent in humid climatic regions and occur over gentle to steep slopes.
Movement of water-saturated clayey or silty earth materials down low angle terraces or hillsides is known as earthﬂow. Quite often, the materials slump making step-like terraces and leaving arcuate scarps at their heads and an accumulation bulge at the toe. When slopes are steeper, even the bedrock, especially of soft sedimentary rocks like shale or deeply weathered igneous rock, may slide downslope.
Another type in this category is mudﬂow. In the absence of vegetation cover and with heavy rainfall, thick layers of weathered materials get saturated with water and either slowly or rapidly ﬂows down along deﬁnite channels.
It looks like a stream of mud within a valley. Mudﬂows occur frequently on the slopes of erupting or recently erupted volcanoes.
Volcanic ash, dust, and other fragments turn into mud due to heavy rains and ﬂow down as tongues or streams of mud causing great destruction to human habitations.
A third type is the debris avalanche, which is more characteristic of humid regions with or without vegetation cover and occurs in narrow tracks on steep slopes. This debris avalanche can be much faster than the mudﬂow. Debris avalanche is similar to snow avalanche.
National Pension Scheme for Traders, Shopkeepers and Self-Employed Persons (originally proposed name was, Pradhan Mantri Laghu Vyapari Maan-dhan Scheme) has been launched on 12.09.2019. It is a voluntary and contributory pension scheme. The traders in the age group of 18-40 years with an annual turnover, not exceeding Rs.1.5 crore and who is not a member of EPFO/ESIC/NPS/PM-SYM or an income tax payer, can join the scheme. Under the scheme, 50% monthly contribution is payable by the beneficiary and equal matching contribution is paid by the Central Government. Subscribers, after attaining the age of 60 years, are eligible for a monthly minimum assured pension of Rs.3,000/-. As the Scheme has been launched on 12th September, 2019. It envisages a coverage of about 50 lakh enrolments under the Scheme for 2019-20. In order to achieve this, various measures including celebration of Pension Week/ Pension Saptah have been taken. All State/UT Governments were requested for popularizing and bringing more awareness about the Scheme. The progress of the Scheme is being reviewed regularly in the Ministry at senior level with State/UT Governments, for taking initiatives under Mission Mode. Ministry of Labour & Employment is the nodal ministry to implement the scheme.
Vedanta (NOT VEDANGA) literally means the ‘end of the vedas’. They denote the last phase of vedic period. They are the supplementary texts that aid in the proper recitation and understanding of the Vedas. However, these do not qualify as Shruti as they are considered of human origin (not revealed by the gods) and are written in the form of Sutras.