Tigmanshu Dave asked   •  25 minutes ago

Group Question
Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.
The UK-India relationship is strong, with a shared history going back centuries, and now a shared vision of the future. Since 2010, UK Prime Minister David Cameron has visited India three times, and the UK diplomatic network in India is now the largest in the world. Investment in each other's countries has grown, and there has been a renewed energy in collaborations. The UK is the third largest source of foreign direct investment in India. And India is the third largest source of FDI (in terms of the number of projects) in the UK, after the US and France. The UK imports more and more from India, though the level of its exports to the country has recently begun to stutter after several years of growth.
Indian companies are playing an increasingly important role in the UK economy. Remittances from the UK to India are high. While it is difficult to know the exact level, a 2013 report in the Guardian, based on World Bank data, suggested remittances from the UK to India, including unrecorded transfers through formal and informal channels, could be worth up to $3.9bn (£2.6bn).More than 21,000 students from India study in the UK and there has been an increase in Chevening and other scholarships for Indian students. New initiatives in science and education such as the Newton-Bhabha Fund and an increase in research collaboration from £1m to £150m all add to a strengthening of the relationship and growth in trade.
Since India's government made a significant shift in the early 1990s to liberalise and internationalise its economy, which led to a period of growth that continues today, the UK has steadily faced increased international competition for its attention. Fifteen years ago, the UK was India's third biggest trading partner; today it is its 12th. Mr Modi has already travelled to 27 countries in his first 18 months in office, developing relationships and signing new agreements. With its "Look East" policy, India's attention has also shifted to Japan, Korea and China, which is now India's biggest trading partner- Mr Modi's China visit this year yielded $22bn worth of deals. And just last month, India hosted a major summit of 50 African leaders, as they look to improve ties and trade with that continent. Meanwhile, young Indians are increasingly turning to the US, Australia and Germany for educational, employment and investment opportunities. 
"Investment in each other's countries has grown, and there has been a renewed energy in collaborations."
We can assume from the above statement that:
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Maria Roshan M asked   •  58 minutes ago

The communities of ants are sometimes very large ,numbering even up to 500, individuals and it is a lesson to us that no one has ever yet seen quarrel between any two ants belonging to the same community .On the other hand ,it must be admitted that they are in hostility not only with most other insects ,including ants of different species ,but even with those of the same species if belongs to different communities .I have over and over again introduced ants from one of my nests into another nest of the same species ; and they were in variable attacked , seized by a leg or an antenna and dragged out .It is evident therefore ,that the ants of each community all recognize one another ,which is very remarkable .But more than this ,I several times divided a nest into two halves and found that even after separation of a year and nine months they recognize one another and were perfectly friendly ,while they at once attacked ants from a different nest ,although of the same species. 

It has been suggested that the ant of each nest have some sign or password by which they recognize one another .To test this I made some of them insensible, first I tried chloroform; but this was fatal to them and I do not consider the test satisfactory .I decided therefore to intoxicate them. This was less easy then I had expected .None of my ants would voluntarily degrade themselves by getting drunk .However ,I got over the difficulty by putting them into whisky for a few moments .I took fifty specimens –25 percent from one nest and 25 percent from another made them dead drunk ,marked each with a spot of paint ,and put them on a table close to where other ants from one of the nests were feeding .The table was surrounded as usual with a most of water to prevent them from straying .The ants ,which were feeding soon noticed those ,which I had made drunk .They seemed quite astonished to find their comrades in such a disgraceful condition ,and as much at loss to know what to do with their drunkards as we were .After a while ,however ,they carried them all away the strangers they took to the edge of the moat and dropped into the water ,while they bore their friends home in the nest where by degrees they slept off the effects of the spirits .Thus it is evident that they know their friends even when incapable of giving any sign or password.
Q. The author's anecdotes of the inebriated ants would support all the following inductions except the statement that
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Murti Devi asked   •  1 hour ago

A car accident occurred on a busy street intersection killing two people and injuring three others. In order to nab the culprits, the police took the statements of all the witnesses present at that intersection, when the accident happened.
Some of the witnesses were in a state of shock because of the horrific accident and were unable to correctly reproduce the details of the accident. The witnesses who were in a state of shock provided all incorrect details while the rest of the witnesses provide the correct information about the accident. 
The following statements have been recorded by the police:
Witness 1: Three people were killed in the accident by a red car that ran over them.
Witness 2: The green car had a license plate with eight symbols on it, two of them being letters and the rest being digits.
Witness 3: The car was blue in colour and was being driven by a young man with two people sitting in the backseat, one of them being a woman.
Witness 4: Each of the last four digits on the license plate of the car was a power of the same number and they were in the ascending order.
Witness 5: There was a blue car involved in the accident and a yellow car was right behind it. The blue car injured two people and rushed away from the spot.
Witness 6: The car was a green Maruti with four people in it. The car hit five people injuring three of them.
Witness 7: If numbers are assigned to the two letters on the license plate of the car with A being 1, B being 2 and so on, then the sum of the two letters on the license plate was equal to the sum of the last four digits. The letters were from A-I with the letter with the lower value coming first. The last four digits were in the ascending order.
Q. How many witnesses are surely in a shocked state? 
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Divya Wilson asked   •  4 hours ago

Eight friends: Ajit, Byomkesh, Gargi, Jayanta, Kikira, Mamk, Prodosh and Tapesh are going to Delhi from Kolkata by a flight operated Py Cheap Air. In the flight, sitting is arranged in 30 rows, numbered 1 to 30, each consisting of 6 seats, marked by letters A to F from left to right, respectively. Seats A to C are to the left of the aisle (the passage running from the front of the aircraft to the back), and seats D to F are to the right of the aisle. Seats A and F are by the windows and referred to as Window seats, C and D are by the aisle and are referred to as Aisle seats while B and E are referred to as Middle seats. Seats marked by consecutive letters are called consecutive seats (or seats next to each other). A seat number is a combination of the row number, followed by the letter indicating the position in the row; e.g., 1A is the left window seat in the first row, while 12E is the right middle seat in the 12th row.
Cheap Air charges Rs. 1000 extra for any seats in Rows 1, 12 and 13 as those have extra legroom. For Rows 2­10, it charges Rs. 300 extra for Window seats and Rs. 300 extra for Aisle seats. For Rows 11 and 14 to 20, it charges Rs. 200 extra for Window seats and Rs. 400 extra for Aisle seats. All other seats are available at no extra charge.
The following are known:
  1. The eight friends were seated in six different rows.
  2. They occupied 3 Window seats, 4 Aisle seats and 1 Middle seat.
  3. Seven of them had to pay extra amounts, totaling to Rs. 4600, for their choices of seat. One of them did not pay any additional amount for his/her choice of seat.
  4. Jayanta, Ajit and Byomkesh were sitting in seats marked by the same letter, in consecutive rows in increasing order of row numbers; but all of them paid different amounts for their choices of seat. One of these amounts may be zero.
  5. Gargi was sitting next to Kikira, and Mamk was sitting next to Jayanta.
  6. Prodosh and Tapesh were sitting in seats marked by the same letter, in consecutive rows in increasing order of row numbers; but they paid different amounts for their choices of seat. One of these amounts may be zero.
Q.
How much extra did Jayanta pay for his choice of seat?​
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Kaushal Obhroi asked   •  8 hours ago

Read the situation below and answer the question:
A Transnational Company gets his  spring water from Nagdah, a village in Madhubani district.. The unprocessed natural spring water is directly bottled by the TNC. The company brands it as 'Tisleri ' and sells at 50% premium vis-a-vis other brands that sell processed water.
The local panchayat,  controls the spring water usage. Hence, the company signed a 100-year lease with the panchayat for exclusive access to the spring water for business purposes. This contract contributes 50% to the panchayat's revenues besides providing 500 jobs in the panchayat. The spring also meets domestic and agricultural needs of the people of Nagdah and the surrounding villages.
The TNC has spotted traces of chemicals in their fortnightly water quality analysis. The TNCrealizes that this is due to the contaminated agricultural runoff, flowing into the spring from the nearby fields where farmers use pesticides and fertilizers. This requires an immediate solution. Which of the following options will BEST resolve the situation for the TNC?
Q. Which of the following options will BEST solve the TNC's problem?
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Tek Singh asked   •  10 hours ago

Instructions
Comprehension:
The magic of squatter cities is that they are improved steadily and gradually by their residents. To a planner’s eye, these cities look chaotic. I trained as a biologist and to my eye, they look organic. Squatter cities are also unexpectedly green. They have maximum density—1 million people per square mile in some areas of Mumbai—and have minimum energy and material use. People get around by foot, bicycle, rickshaw, or the universal shared taxi.
Not everything is efficient in the slums, though. In the Brazilian favelas where electricity is stolen and therefore free, people leave their lights on all day. But in most slums recycling is literally a way of life. The Dharavi slum in Mumbai has 400 recycling units and 30,000 ragpickers. Six thousand tons of rubbish are sorted every day. In 2007, the Economist reported that in Vietnam and Mozambique, “Waves of gleaners sift the sweepings of Hanoi’s streets, just as Mozambiquan children pick over the rubbish of Maputo’s main tip. Every city in Asia and Latin America has an industry based on gathering up old cardboard boxes.” . . .
In his 1985 article, Calthorpe made a statement that still jars with most people: “The city is the most environmentally benign form of human settlement. Each city dweller consumes less land, less energy, less water, and produces less pollution than his counterpart in settlements of lower densities.” “Green Manhattan” was the inflammatory title of a 2004 New Yorker article by David Owen. “By the most significant measures,” he wrote, “New York is the greenest community in the United States, and one of the greenest cities in the world . . . The key to New York’s relative environmental benignity is its extreme compactness. . . . Placing one and a half million people on a twenty - three - square-mile island sharply reduces their opportunities to be wasteful.” He went on to note that this very compactness forces people to live in the world’s most energy-efficient apartment buildings. . . .
Urban density allows half of humanity to live on 2.8 per cent of the land. . . . Consider just the infrastructure efficiencies.
According to a 2004 UN report: “The concentration of population and enterprises in urban areas greatly reduces the unit cost of piped water, sewers, drains, roads, electricity, garbage collection, transport, health care, and schools.” . . . [T]he nationally subsidised city of Manaus in northern Brazil “answers the question” of how to stop deforestation: give people decent jobs. Then they can afford houses, and gain security. One hundred thousand people who would otherwise be deforesting the jungle around Manaus are now prospering in town making such things as mobile phones and televisions. . . .
Of course, fast-growing cities are far from an unmitigated good. They concentrate crime, pollution, disease and injustice as much as business, innovation, education and entertainment. . . . But if they are overall a net good for those who move there, it is because cities offer more than just jobs. They are transformative: in the slums, as well as the office towers and leafy suburbs, the progress is from hick to metropolitan to cosmopolitan . . .
Q. Which one of the following statements would undermine the author’s stand regarding the greenness of cities?
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Subho Chowdhury asked   •  10 hours ago

InstructionsThe passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.
Physics is a pure science that seeks to understand the behavior of matter without regard to whether it will afford any practical benefit. Engineering is the correlative applied science in which physical theories are put to some specific use, such as building a bridge or a nuclear reactor. Engineers obviously rely heavily on the discoveries of physicists, but an engineer's knowledge of the world is not the same as the physicist's knowledge. In fact, an engineer's know-how will often depend on physical theories that, from the point of view of pure physics, are false. There are some reasons for this. First, theories that are false in the purest and strictest sense are still sometimes very good approximations to the true ones, and often have the added virtue of being much easier to work with. Second, sometimes the true theories apply only under highly idealized conditions which can only be created under controlled experimental situations. The engineer finds that in the real world, theories rejected by physicists yield more accurate predictions than the ones that they accept.
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Yugandhar Katam asked   •  13 hours ago

Creativity is at once our most precious resource and our most inexhaustible one. As anyone who has ever spent any time with children knows, every single human being is born creative; every human being is innately endowed with the ability to combine and recombine data, perceptions, materials and ideas, and devise new ways of thinking and doing. What fosters creativity? More than anything else: the presence of other creative people. The big myth is that creativity is the province of great individual geniuses. In fact creativity is a social process. Our biggest creative breakthroughs come when people learn from, compete with, and collaborate with other people.
Cities are the true fonts of creativity... With their diverse populations, dense social networks, and public spaces where people can meet spontaneously and serendipitously, they spark and catalyze new ideas. With their infrastructure for finance, organization and trade, they allow those ideas to be swiftly actualized.
As for what staunches creativity, that's easy, if ironic. It's the very institutions that we build to manage, exploit and perpetuate the fruits of creativity — our big bureaucracies, and sad to say, too many of our schools. Creativity is disruptive; schools and organizations are regimented, standardized and stultifying.
The education expert Sir Ken Robinson points to a 1968 study reporting on a group of 1,600 children who were tested over time for their ability to think in out-of-the-box ways. When the children were between 3 and 5 years old, 98 percent achieved positive scores. When they were 8 to 10, only 32 percent passed the same test, and only 10 percent at 13 to 15. When 280,000 25-year-olds took the test, just 2 percent passed. By the time we are adults, our creativity has been wrung out of us.
I once asked the great urbanist Jane Jacobs what makes some places more creative than others. She said, essentially, that the question was an easy one. All cities, she said, were filled with creative people; that's our default state as people. But some cities had more than their shares of leaders, people and institutions that blocked out that creativity. She called them "squelchers."
Creativity (or the lack of it) follows the same general contours of the great socio-economic divide - our rising inequality - that plagues us. According to my own estimates, roughly a third of us across the United States, and perhaps as much as half of us in our most creative cities - are able to do work which engages our creative faculties to some extent, whether as artists, musicians, writers, techies, innovators, entrepreneurs, doctors, lawyers, journalists or educators - those of us who work with our minds. That leaves a group that I term "the other 66 percent," who toil in low-wage rote and rotten jobs — if they have jobs at all — in which their creativity is subjugated, ignored or wasted.
Creativity itself is not in danger. It's flourishing is all around us - in science and technology, arts and culture, in our rapidly revitalizing cities. But we still have a long way to go if we want to build a truly creative society that supports and rewards the creativity of each and every one of us.
Q.
The author's conclusions about the most 'creative cities' in the US (paragraph 6) are based on his assumption that
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