If it is given that x3 = x2 - 2, what is the value of x4?
  • a)
  • b)
    (x - 1)2 - 3
  • c)
  • d)
    x3 - 2
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Nikhil Bolla answered  •  10 minutes ago
X³=x²-2 -1is the logical option that fits . so x⁴ is equal to 1 . among the options only option 2 gives value 1.

In the 2006 Common Wealth games, there was participation from five different countries - USA, China, UK, Australia and Japan. From each of these five countries there were athletes participating in one of the five following events: shot put, javelin, high jump, long jump and marathon. Each participant was allowed to participate in exactly one of the five events.
Further it is known that there were at least two participants and at most ten participants from each country and the total number of participants from all the five countries put together was a perfect square.
The following information is also available:
I. The number of participants in javelin was exactly half the number of participants in each of the other events.
II. USA sent an equal number of participants in shot put, high jump and long jump.
III. The maximum number of participants sent by Japan is for the long jump event and each country sent at least one participant for the long jump and shot put events.
IV. The number of participants from China was two more than that from USA, which in turn was one more than that from UK, which in turn was one more than that from Australia which in turn was one more than that from Japan.
V. Except Japan, all the other countries sent at least one participant for the javelin event while Japan sent at least one participant in each of the remaining events.
VI. The number of participants sent by China for each of the events was different and there were no participants from China for the high jump event.
VII. The number of participants in the marathon event sent by all the other countries other than China is equal.
Q. Considering all the participants sent by the five countries put together, how many instances were there wherein exactly one participant was sent by a country for an event?
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Nirmala Devi answered  •  2 hours ago
Solution: From the table in the answer to the first question of this set, there are 14 instances wherein exactly one participant was sent by a country for an event.
Hence, option 3.

Group Question
Answer the following question based on the information given below.
                      Matrix I                                                            Matrix II
In the following questions, a word is represented by only one set of numbers from the ones given in the options. The set of numbers in the options represents letters in the same sequence using the two given matrices. The columns and rows of matrix I are numbered from 1 to 5 and that of matrix II from 0 to 9. A letter from these matrices can be represented first by its row and next by column number.
Example: The code for P can be coded as 13, 14, 25.
For each word, choose the option that correctly represents the word.
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Om Pati answered  •  2 hours ago
From Matrix I:
P can be coded as 13, 14, 25, 32 or 51. Each option has one of these values.
I can be coded as 15, 21,34, 35, 43. Since option 3 has I coded as 36, option 3 can be eliminated.
From Matrix II:
C can be coded as 08, 66, 78, 86 or 98. Since option 4 has C coded as 88, option 4 can be eliminated.
Now, since there are only three options, for each remaining letter, consider only the corresponding value in options 1,2 and 5.
T = 97 or 96. From the matrix, 97 is a valid value of T while
96 is not. Hence, option 2 can be eliminated.
Now, only options 1 and 5 are left.
U = 90. Since this value is same in both options, ignore it.
R = 78 or 76. From the matrix, 76 is a valid value of R while 78 is not. Hence, option 1 can be eliminated.
Hence, option 5.
Note: There is no need to check for E as the other options have been eliminated.

A sentence is written in four different ways. Choose the option which gives the most effective and grammatically correct sentence. Pay attention to grammar, word choice and sentence construction.
Poaching always increases by the sales of animal parts, even if the
  • a)
    sources are deemed “legal”, is what those who follow the patterns of poaching trade clearly conclude.It is clearly concluded by those who follow the patterns of the poaching
  • b)
    trade that poaching always increases the sale of animal parts, even if these poached sources are deemed “legal”. Those who follow the patterns of the poaching trade clearly conclude
  • c)
    that sales of animal parts, even if the sources are deemed “legal,” always increase poaching. Even if the sources are deemed “legal”, the increase in sales of animal
  • d)
    parts, always increase poaching is what those who follow the patterns of poaching trade have clearly concluded.
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Raj Kumari answered  •  2 hours ago
The passage addresses the conclusions drawn by those who follow the patterns of poaching.
The order of sentence construction is distorted in option 1.
Option 2 is ruled out as it is unnecessarily wordy.
There are several grammatical errors in option 4 such as the verb “increase” within the phrase, “always increase poaching ” and the lack of the definite article ‘the’ before the phrase “poaching trade.” Option 3 is grammatically correct and displays correct punctuation as well as sentence construction.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

The Nebula Award is given to novels in which literary genre?
  • a)
  • b)
  • c)
  • d)
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Phoolwati answered  •  2 hours ago
The Nebula Award is given annually for a book of science fiction. The first was given to Frank Herbert for Dune in 1965.
Option 3.

The magic of squatter cities is that they are improved steadily and gradually by their residents. To a planner’s eye, these cities look chaotic. I trained as a biologist and to my eye, they look organic. Squatter cities are also unexpectedly green. They have maximum density—1 million people per square mile in some areas of Mumbai—and have minimum energy and material use. People get around by foot, bicycle, rickshaw, or the universal shared taxi.
Not everything is efficient in the slums, though. In the Brazilian favelas where electricity is stolen and therefore free, people leave their lights on all day. But in most slums recycling is literally a way of life. The Dharavi slum in Mumbai has 400 recycling units and 30,000 ragpickers. Six thousand tons of rubbish are sorted every day. In 2007, the Economist reported that in Vietnam and Mozambique, “Waves of gleaners sift the sweepings of Hanoi’s streets, just as Mozambiquan children pick over the rubbish of Maputo’s main tip. Every city in Asia and Latin America has an industry based on gathering up old cardboard boxes.” . . .
In his 1985 article, Calthorpe made a statement that still jars with most people: “The city is the most environmentally benign form of human settlement. Each city dweller consumes less land, less energy, less water, and produces less pollution than his counterpart in settlements of lower densities.” “Green Manhattan” was the inflammatory title of a 2004 New Yorker article by David Owen. “By the most significant measures,” he wrote, “New York is the greenest community in the United States, and one of the greenest cities in the world . . . The key to New York’s relative environmental benignity is its extreme compactness. . . . Placing one and a half million people on a twenty - three - square-mile island sharply reduces their opportunities to be wasteful.” He went on to note that this very compactness forces people to live in the world’s most energy-efficient apartment buildings. . . .
Urban density allows half of humanity to live on 2.8 per cent of the land. . . . Consider just the infrastructure efficiencies.
According to a 2004 UN report: “The concentration of population and enterprises in urban areas greatly reduces the unit cost of piped water, sewers, drains, roads, electricity, garbage collection, transport, health care, and schools.” . . . [T]he nationally subsidised city of Manaus in northern Brazil “answers the question” of how to stop deforestation: give people decent jobs. Then they can afford houses, and gain security. One hundred thousand people who would otherwise be deforesting the jungle around Manaus are now prospering in town making such things as mobile phones and televisions. . . .
Of course, fast-growing cities are far from an unmitigated good. They concentrate crime, pollution, disease and injustice as much as business, innovation, education and entertainment. . . . But if they are overall a net good for those who move there, it is because cities offer more than just jobs. They are transformative: in the slums, as well as the office towers and leafy suburbs, the progress is from hick to metropolitan to cosmopolitan . . .
Q. We can infer that Calthorpe’s statement “still jars” with most people because most people:
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Reshma Devi answered  •  2 hours ago
"The city is the most environmentally benign form of human settlement. Each city dweller consumes less land, less energy, less water, and produces less pollution than his counterpart in settlements of lower densities.” Calthrope's major contention is that cites are eco-friendly as they consume less resources than people living in places that have lower population densities.
Options B,C,D does not directly contradict Calthrope's statement. Hence , they cannot be the reason why the statement that jars with most people.
Option A is directly opposed to Calthrope's viewpoints. Hence, this option is most likely to jar with most people.
Option A is the correct answer.

Read the sentences and choose the option that best arranges them jn a logical order.

A. We do not yet have a definitive answer to this question, but we now have a candidate for the ultimate theory of everything, if indeed one exists, called M-theory.
B. It is natural to ask: Will this sequence eventually reach an end point, an ultimate theory of the universe, that will include all forces and predict every observation we can make, or will we continue forever finding better theories, but never one that cannot be improved upon?
C. M-theory is the only model that has all the properties we think the final theory ought to have, and it is the theory upon which much of our later discussion is based.
D. In the history of science we have discovered a sequence of better and better theories or models, from Plato to the classical theory of Newton to modem quantum theories.
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Asha Rani answered  •  2 hours ago
The BA link is obvious: “this question” in statement A refers to the question asked in B. “This sequence” in B refers to the sequence of theories mentioned in D. This established the DB link. Options 1, 4 and 5 can be eliminated.
Statement A introduces “M-theory”, so it cannot come later in the sequence than C, which also mentions “M-theory”. So the CDBA sequence in option 3 is incorrect.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

Shivali Agrawal asked   •  1 hour ago

Read the following passage and answer the questions.Walzer, in his Just and Unjust Wars (1977) claims that the lack of identification does not give a government the right to kill indiscriminately- the onus is on the government to identify the combatants, and so, the implication goes, if there is any uncertainty involved then an attack must not be made. Others have argued that the nature of modern warfare dissolves the possibility of discrimination: civilians are just as necessary causal conditions for the war machine as are combatants, therefore, they claim, there is no moral distinction in targeting an armed combatant and a civilian involved in arming or feeding the combatant. The distinction is, however, not closed by the nature of modern economies, since a combatant still remains a very different entity from a non-combatant, if not for the simple reason that the former is presently armed (and hence has renounced rights or is prepared to die, or is a threat), whilst the civilian is not. On the other hand, it can be argued that being a civilian does not necessarily mean that one is not a threat and hence not a legitimate target. If Mr Smith is the only individual in the nation to possess the correct combination that will detonate a device that could kill thousands, then he becomes not only causally efficacious in the firing of a weapon of war, but also morally responsible; reasonably he also becomes a legitimate military target. His job effectively militarizes his status even though he does not bear arms.
Which of the following would Walzer not consider ‘unjust’?
I. In a high-drama media-covered hostage scenario, the military gun down all the 9 terrorists including 25 hostages held by them.
II.The military attacks an old widow for giving refuge to a soldier who has retired from miltary service.
III.The police guns down a group of armed protestors.
IV. The air force pilot on a night raid over enemy land, fires an attack on a group of campers in the desert.
V. A policeman enters the scene of an ongoing day-light bank robbery with his gun firing in all directions.
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Madhav Prasad Banjade asked   •  1 hour ago

All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) has recently started stem cell trials for the treatment of Parkinson's disease and the neurology department has enrolled five patients for it. Though in the nascent stages, experts say stem cell treatment is likely to be the preferred treatment mode for neurological disorders like Parkinson's, Alzheimer's and the lot in the near future. Stem cell therapy in fact was the recurrent theme in the 2nd Asian and Oceanian Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorder Congress and the 7th Asia Pacific Parkinson's Association (APPA) organized by AIIMS neurology department on Sunday.
Usually extracted from embryos or from bone marrow or umbilical cord, stem cells are primitive, undifferentiated cells that have the ability to grow into any type of tissue. They are being hailed as the dream treatment for a wide range of "incurable" diseases. "We have started stem cell trials for the treatment of Parkinson's disease. But it is a long process. In this trial, we will be using bone marrow stem cells harvested from patients. The cells, after being regrown in the laboratory, will be surgically inserted into the patient's brain. As we would be using patient's own stem cells, there would be no chances of rejection," said Dr Sumit Singh, associate professor and coinvestigator of the stem cell trail at AIIMS. Headed by Dr Madhuri Behari, head of the neurology department, AIIMS, the team stated the trial in January. "We plan to inject the stem cells back into the patients in the coming month. But it is too early to predict the results," said Dr Singh.
After Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's is the second most common neuro-degenerative disorder. It is estimated that worldwide 1% people above the age of 65 and 3% people above the age of 80 are affected by it. In India alone, there are approximately 60 million people suffering from Parkinson's disease. "The reason for the disease is not known, but with right and timely medical intervention, the process of degeneration can be delayed. But factors like genetic composition and environmental toxins are found to be responsible for the disease," said Dr Behari, the organizing chairperson of the conference.
Deliberating on the new trends in the treatment of Parkinson's disease, experts cautioned that "hype should be kept away from hope" in case of stem cell treatment, as trials are in progress. Dr Rupam Borgohain, neurologist at Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences in Hyderabad, who is also experimenting with stem cells in treating Parkinson's disease, said, "It (stem cells) is definitely the way to go, but it is important to keep hype away from hope. It is in the trial phase and we hope to see positive results, but till then we have to wait. Stem cell tissues have proved to be beneficial in treating Parkinson's disease in a few cases. And that gives us hope to move forward."
Q.Which of the following statements is not true as per the passage 
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Which was the first United Nations Peacekeeping Force?
  • a)
    United Nations Truce Supervision Organization (UNTSO)
  • b)
    United Nations Peace Keeping Force (UNPKF)
  • c)
    United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF)
  • d)
    United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL)
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Nirmal Kaur answered  •  13 hours ago
The first intervention by a group of UN Observers dates back to 1948, for the armistice between Israel and Arab States. But the first UN peacekeeping force was the United Nations Emergency Force (UNEF), created in 1956 with contributions from ten nations, and mandated to supervise the withdrawal of foreign troops from the Suez Canal. The United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), the largest peacekeeping operation in the region, was created to monitor events on the ground after the Israeli invasion of Lebanon in 1978.Option 3.

The following question consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Choose the most logical order of sentences from the options.
I.   In a simpler form the images in the sunken relief are usually mostly linear in nature, like hieroglyphs, but in most cases the figure itself is in low relief, but set within a sunken area shaped round the image, so that the relief never rises beyond the original flat surface.
II.  The technique is most successful with strong sunlight to emphasise the outlines and forms by shadow, as no attempt was made to soften the edge of the sunk area, leaving a face at a right-angle to the surface all around it.
III. This method minimizes the work removing the background, while allowing normal relief modelling.
IV.     On the other hand, in some cases the figures and other elements are in a very low relief that does not rise to the original surface, but others are modelled more fully, with some areas rising to the original surface.
V. The image for the sunken relief is made by cutting the relief sculpture itself into a flat surface.
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Saroj Budhraja answered  •  13 hours ago
The right sequence of sentences would be when the first sentence introduces the subject. This could be with either option V or I.
However, looking at the options, I is not given as a choice for the start of the passage.
Statement II cannot be the starting sentence, since it evaluates the technique without explaining what the technique is. Eliminate option 4.
Statement IV begins with the phrase “on the other hand” which indicates that it is the second sentence in the comparison between two techniques. Therefore, it has to come after statement I, which describes one of the techniques. Options 1 and 2 can be eliminated. Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

Eight friends Raju, Ravi, Ramesh, Rahul, Arjun, Arvind, Anish and Atul are skilled at making Handicraft items. In order to make money using their skills, they decide to make a certain number of handicraft items and sell them at a Handicraft Expo. They decided to minimize time and maximize their productivity by forming two groups. The people whose names start with the letter ‘R’ form Group 1 and the people whose names start with the letter ‘A’ form Group 2. Each person from Group 1 forms a team each person from Group 2 to produce a certain number of handicraft items of a particular type, the details of which are given in the tables below.
Table 1 gives details of the type of handicraft item produced by each team.

Table 2 gives details of the number of handicraft items produced by each team.

Table 3 gives the cost price and selling price of one item of each type

The money (Cost Price and Profit) is shared according to the number of items each one has worked on. For example, if Rahul and Arvind made 175 pots, the total cost price and the profit made by selling those pots would be shared equally.
Q. For which type of handicraft was the total number of items 1Marks produced the highest?
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Neeta answered  •  13 hours ago
The total number of items for each type of handicraft is:
Baskets = 125 + 200 + 50 + 50 = 425
Shoes = 75 + 100 + 75 + 100 + 250 = 600
Pots = 25 + 175 + 50 + 100 = 350
Lanterns = 100 + 175 = 275
Hence, option 2.

Answer the following question based on the information given below.
A word arrangement machine, when given a particular input, rearranges it using a particular rule. The following two examples are the illustration and the steps of the arrangement Input:
Which of the following will be step 1 for the following input?
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Krishna Devi answered  •  13 hours ago
We can easily recognize that each word given to the machine has three letters and the last two letters of each word are same.
Hence, words are arranged based on the relation between the first letters of those words.
After proper evaluation of a problem, we can see the following pattern: If we assign a number to each letter as they appear in alphabetical order, For example A =1, B = 2, C = 3 and so on.
J is the 10th letter; therefore for J we will consider value 1 + 0 = 1 K is the 11th letter; therefore for K we will consider value 1 + 1 = 2 and so on.
Hence, we can assign the following values to each letter.
We can see that in the first step, the words are arranged in the increasing order of their values.
In the second step, position of the 1st word of step 1 is interchanged with that of the 4th word whereas the position of the 2nd word is interchanged with that of the 3rd word.
In the third step, position of 1st and 3rd words; and 2nd and 4th words of step 2 are interchanged.
In the fourth step, position of 1st and 4th words; and 2nd and 3rd words of step 3 are interchanged.
Hence for the given input:
Hence, option 1.

Sumitra Devi asked   •  1 hour ago

Answer the following question based on the information given below.
In the table given below, players due to play the US Open are listed in order of their seeding from the highest (#1) to the lowest (#32). This tournament has four rounds before the finals - first round, second round, quaterfinal and semifinal. In the first round, the highest seeded player plays the lowest seeded player i.e. Seed 1 v/s Seed 32 and the match is designated as match number 1 of the first round. Seed 2 plays Seed 31 in match 2 of the first round and so on. The last match of the first round is match number 16 between Seed 16 and Seed 17.
In the second round, the winner of match 1 of the first round plays the winner of match 16 of the first round and this match is called match number 1 of the second round. Similarly, match number 2 of the second round is between the winners of match 2 and match 15 of the first round and so on till match 8 where the winners of matches 8 and 9 of the first round play each other.
In aany round, if a lower-seeded player beats a higher-seeded player, it is termed an “upset”.
The same pattern is followed in the later rounds as well.
Q.If there were no upsets in the first round, who will meet  Djokovic in the quarterfinals given that there only 3 upsets (match numbers 4, 5 and 6) in the second round?
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Gurmel Kaur asked   •  1 hour ago

Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow:
The only thing worse than being lied to is not knowing you’re being lied to. It’s true that plastic pollution is a huge problem, of planetary proportions. And it’s true we could all do more to reduce our plastic footprint. The lie is that blame for the plastic problem is wasteful consumers and that changing our individual habits will fix it.
Recycling plastic is to saving the Earth what hammering a nail is to halting a falling skyscraper. You struggle to find a place to do it and feel pleased when you succeed. But your effort is wholly inadequate and distracts from the real problem of why the building is collapsing in the first place. The real problem is that single-use plastic—the very idea of producing plastic items like grocery bags, which we use for an average of 12 minutes but can persist in the environment for half a millennium—is an incredibly reckless abuse of technology. Encouraging individuals to recycle more will never solve the problem of a massive production of single-use plastic that should have been avoided in the first place.
As an ecologist and evolutionary biologist, I have had a disturbing window into the accumulating literature on the hazards of plastic pollution. Scientists have long recognized that plastics biodegrade slowly, if at all, and pose multiple threats to wildlife through entanglement and consumption. More recent reports highlight dangers posed by absorption of toxic chemicals in the water and by plastic odors that mimic some species’ natural food. Plastics also accumulate up the food chain, and studies now show that we are likely ingesting it ourselves in seafood. . . .
Beginning in the 1950s, big beverage companies like Coca-Cola and Anheuser-Busch, along with Phillip Morris and others, formed a non-profit called Keep America Beautiful. Its mission is/was to educate and encourage environmental stewardship in the public. . . . At face value, these efforts seem benevolent, but they obscure the real problem, which is the role that corporate polluters play in the plastic problem. This clever misdirection has led journalist and author Heather Rogers to describe Keep America Beautiful as the first corporate greenwashing front, as it has helped shift the public focus to consumer recycling behavior and actively thwarted legislation that would increase extended producer responsibility for waste management. . . . [T]he greatest success of Keep America Beautiful has been to shift the onus of environmental responsibility onto the public while simultaneously becoming a trusted name in the environmental movement. . . .
So what can we do to make responsible use of plastic a reality? First: reject the lie. Litterbugs are not responsible for the global ecological disaster of plastic. Humans can only function to the best of their abilities, given time, mental bandwidth and systemic constraints. Our huge problem with plastic is the result of a permissive legal framework that has allowed the uncontrolled rise of plastic pollution, despite clear evidence of the harm it causes to local communities and the world’s oceans. Recycling is also too hard in most parts of the U.S. and lacks the proper incentives to make it work well.
Q. Which of the following interventions would the author most strongly support:
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Puran Lal asked   •  1 hour ago

The Ministry of Home Affairs is analysing crimes committed by foreigners in different states and union territories (UT) of India. All cases refer to the ones registered against foreigners in 2016.
The number of cases - classified into three categories: IPC crimes, SLL crimes and other crimes - for nine states/UTs are shown in the figure below. These nine belong to the top ten states/UTs in terms of the total number of cases registered.
The remaining state (among top ten) is West Bengal, where all the 520 cases registered were SLL crimes.

The table below shows the ranks of the ten states/UTs mentioned above among ALL states/UTs of India in terms of the number of cases registered in each of the three category of crimes. A state/UT is given rank r for a category of crimes if there are (r‐1) states/UTs having a larger number of cases registered in that category of crimes. For example, if two states have the same number of cases in a category, and exactly three other states/UTs have larger numbers of cases registered in the same category, then both the states are given rank 4 in that category. Missing ranks in the table are denoted by *.

Q. Which of the following is DEFINITELY true about the ranks of states/UT in the ‘other crimes’ category? i) Tamil Nadu: 2
ii) Puducherry: 3
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Kiran Singhal asked   •  3 hours ago

Answer the following question based on the information given below.
Parents have been raising children since the beginning of the human race. But raising children is not the same as 'parenting'. The word itself entered the dictionary only in the 1950s, and did not become a part of the popular vocabulary till the 1970s.
Initially, the word was used to refer to what parents did, but over the years, especially today, the word has become completely normative. "'To parent' is a goal-directed verb; it describes a job, a kind of work. The goal is to somehow turn your child into a better or happier or more successful adult," writes Dr Alison Gopnik in The Wall Street Journal.
The idea that 'parenting' involves tips, tricks and techniques that enable people to become better fathers and mothers has become widespread, not just in the US, but around the world. The idea is so ubiquitous that the very idea of questioning it seems heretical. But the whole concept of 'parenting' is fundamentally misguided, says Gopnik.
For millennia, raising a child did not just involve the parents. There were grandfathers and grandmothers, uncles, aunts, cousins, siblings, friends and neighbours. "For most of human history, we lived in these extended family groups. This meant that we learned how to take care of children by practicing with our own little sisters and baby cousins and by watching many other people take care of children," writes Gopnik. But these groups no longer exist in large parts of the world. They've been scattered, dislocated, and communicate via the internet. "Today, most middle-class parents spend years taking classes and pursuing careers before they have children. It's not surprising, then, that going to school and working are modern parents' models for taking care of children: You go to school and work with a goal in mind, and you can be taught to do better at school and work," she writes.
Working to achieve a good outcome is a good idea for businessmen or writers, but making a child a 'product' or an 'outcome' does no justice to either the parent or the child, says Gopnik. In fact, there is no evidence to show that the small differences in 'parenting' techniques that many parents obsess over make any difference to the child's adulthood. "The most important rewards of being a parent aren't your children's grades and trophies--or even their graduations and weddings. They come from the moment-by- moment physical and psychological joy of being with this particular child, and in that child's moment-by-moment joy in being with you," writes Gopnik.
If that means valuing 'being a parent' over 'parenting', it sounds like a good advice.
According to the passage, ideally, focus of parenthood 3Marks should be oriented towards which of the following?
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Akarshan asked   •  3 hours ago

A passage is followed by questions pertaining to the passage. Read the passage and answer the questions. Choose the most appropriate answer.
In the Malian film Guimba the Tyrant directed by Cheick Oumar Sissoko, the storytelling is done through the village griot, who also serves to provide comic relief. In the late novels of the Ivorian writer Ahmadou Kourouma, Waiting for the Wild Beasts to Vote takes the form of a praise-song by the Sora, the Griot, Bingo to the President- Dictator of the fictitious Republique du Golfe. His final novel Allah is not Obliged also prominently features a griot character. There are also references in the Alex Haley's book Roots of a griot who passed his family history through oral tradition. When Haley traces back his history, passing from his previous generation through the slave time, back to Africa, he thought there should be griots telling his history and the history of his ancestor, known in the family as “The African”, who was captured in the bushes when he was seeking timber to make a talking drum.
When he arrived in Africa to do research for his book, he believed he had actually found griots telling his history. Through them he learned the ancestor's identity, Kunta Kinte. Since he had first heard the story from his grandmother and later refreshed by his older cousin, he believed that they were griots in their own way until someone put the story to writing. He later learned that his cousin had died within the hour of his arrival at the village. In fact, however, this story illustrates the problems and complexities of oral tradition, especially when approached without expert knowledge. In 1981, it was shown (Wright, 1981) that the story of Kunta Kinte had been manufactured by a well-wisher. Following the publication of Roots, the story was being told in multiple versions with differing embellishments, having entered the stock of general stories. In Paule Marshall's
Praisesong for the Widow, the protagonist Avatara (Avey) might take on some of the characteristics of a griot, especially in her commitment to passing on to her grandchildren her aunt's oral story of the Ibos at the Landing, in which Africans brought to the U.S. Sea Islands to be slaves promptly turned around and walked back to Africa over the water. Griot is the name of an instrumental track on Jon Hassell and Brian Eno's ambient music album Possible Musics. Innercity Griots is the second album by Los Angeles Hip Hop group Freestyle Fellowship, released in 1993 through 4th & B'way Records. The group, consisting of four emcees:
Aceyalone, P.E.A.C.E., Mikah 9and Self Jupiter, received worldwide acclaim with their second project. Released during the prominent gangsta era of West Coast hip hop, Innercity Griots, along with albums like The Pharcyde's Bizarre Ride II the Pharcyde and Del tha Funkee Homosapien's I Wish My Brother George Was Here, established an acclaimed era of alternative hip hop in California.
Why did Kunta Kinte’s story become a general one?
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Ram Narayan asked   •  5 hours ago

Five Civil Engineering students Vinit, Kapil, Adwait, Nikhil and Varun decided to study five towers for their course project. They decided to take up one tower each for study and analysis. The towers are Tower A, Tower B, Tower C, Tower D and Tower E and their heights (in ft) are 2700, 2250, 1768, 1345 and 1005, though not necessarily in the same order. The cities to which the towers belonged are Delhi, Mumbai, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Kolkata, in no specific order. Out of the five towers, two are residential, two are commercial and one is a government building. Further, the following information is known:
I. The tower which Kapil studied is in Kolkata and is shorter in height than at least two towers.
II. None of the commercial towers are the tallest out of the given five towers. Also they’re not situated in Bangalore or Delhi.
III. Tower D is the shortest in height out of the five towers and is not situated in Bangalore or Mumbai.
IV. The tower situated in Mumbai is not a commercial tower.
V. Tower B is not in Mumbai or Bangalore.
VI. Nikhil studied Tower C which is the second tallest tower out of the five towers and it is not situated in Hyderabad or Delhi.
VII. The Government tower is located in Bangalore.
VIII. The tower which Varun studied is neither Tower C nor Tower D and is taller than at least two out of the five towers.
IX. The tower which Adwait studied has height 1768 ft.
X. Tower E is a commercial tower and is situated in Hyderabad.
XI. The tower studied by Vinit is shorter than the tower studied by Kapil.
XII. Tower A which is situated in Mumbai is not studied by Kapil or Nikhil.
Q. Which of the following statement(s) is/are correct?
I. Vinit studied Tower D.
II. The tallest tower is a Commercial tower.
III. The tower which Nikhil studied is a Government tower.
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Koshalya Devi asked   •  9 hours ago

The opening decades of the 20th century marked the end of colonial empires around the world. However, as world war has given way to world integration and rapid global development, Africa has consistently fallen behind in both the pace and scope of its modernization. While the populace of the more developed nations lives in relative comfort, millions of deaths each year in the African countries continue to arise from preventable factors such as inadequate nutrition, lack of clean water availability, medical complications during childbirth, and communicable disease.
Individually, each of these problems represents a serious pitfall to the health of their respective communities; therefore, as a group they can become a nearly insurmountable challenge. The absence of a proper diet and clean water can cause increased disease, which spreads thin local medical infrastructure and places financial burden on families without members to work and bring home income. Because money is scarce the funds to purchase proper water purifiers and supply a balanced diet disappears as well, beginning the vicious cycle anew. Though not always in this same form, nearly all the stories of development in the nations of the Sub- Saharan African region have come to a similar ending: a resounding failure to secure the most basic of necessities for all their citizens.

Out of the many factors contributing to this crisis, the persistence of disease among the African population has been one of the most harmful to the region’s economic and political modernization as a whole; tropical diseases such as malaria and tuberculosis still affect well over 100 million people within Sub-Saharan Africa alone and remain the leading causes of death, especially among children. Though the numbers alone are a cause for worry, the most disturbing facet of the problem is that both of the aforementioned diseases are easily treatable with the proper resources. Malaria, for instance, can be handled by proper medical care and the application of basic antibiotics in all but the most severe cases. According to the WHO, the disease claimed a little over a 1000 combined lives in the entire European and American regions (both North and South). In the African region, the same disease claimed nearly 760,000 lives. But they are not the only offenders. Each year, the political and economic systems of these countries condemn millions of individuals to death because they have disconnected the global medical community from the patients who need its care the most. Although the treatment of infectious diseases has improved due to foreign intervention, the overall medical infrastructure of Africa is still extremely inadequate at ensuring the most basic of human rights for its citizens: the right to a healthy and fulfilling life.
Q. Which of the following is true with regards to the “vicious cycle”?
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Mahender Singh asked   •  11 hours ago

Sour milk of some sort was considered beneficial even in biblical times, the Gourmet article pointed out, citing the Fifth Book of Moses, which includes it among the foods Jehovah permitted his people. But as interesting as this history was, it would never have inspired me to leave the bathtub.
Instead, the credit is due to the author of the Gourmet article, his descriptions of yogurt itself. Even as I chilled to the bone, my palate and entire being yearned for the cool, custard-like ivory cream that, he said, turns satiny when briskly stirred. And I was equally beguiled by his suggested enhancements of preserves based on apricots, oranges, plums, or strawberries; or honey; or fresh berries. I could hardly wait to try it. Thus inspired, I left my soak, donned clothes, and headed out to the upscale grocery store near my apartment.
Although stocked primarily by health food stores in those days, plain yogurt was also sold in some fancy food shops, made by Dannon and packed in half-pint glass jars with tight-fitting, stiff paper caps. As it happens, 1947 seems to have been a watershed year for yogurt, given the Davis book and the introduction of yogurt flavored with a bottom layer of strawberry preserves. That first flavored yogurt, devised by one of the Dannon executives, Joe Metzger, is said to have been the turning point in yogurt's popularity and the impetus for the entire industry that was to follow.
Luckily, I was able to buy one jar of plain and another of the strawberry, then rushed home, ripped off the lids, and dipped in. To be sure, the strawberry yogurt was easy to like, with a tingling sourness that added sophistication to what might be taken for rich, luxuriously soft strawberry ice cream. But having a taste already for sour cream with salt, pepper, and a chopped mix of raw cucumbers, radishes, and scallions, I immediately saw great possibilities for the plain version.
Years later, traveling through the Middle East, I was won over to many more ways of serving yogurt, most especially as the base for the snowy, unctuous cheese called lebneh, or beaten into ice water for a cooling buttermilk-like beverage and as the basis for the garlic and cucumber (and sometimes dill) meze dip that is tzatziki. Most surprising of all, and perhaps the most wondrous of yogurt discoveries, came in 1960 in Istanbul, where I first had kebab au yogurt: rosy grilled lamb meat sliced down from a doner kebab, sauced with slightly warm yogurt that had been mixed with the hot meat drippings, all nested on a slab of pita softened by the savory juices.
Q.Which of the following is the author least likely to agree with?
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