Read each of the short passages given below and answer the question that follows each.

The notion that ancient hunter-gatherers lived in a perfect and peaceful world is beguiling but wrong. If life expectancy is any measure of progress, then the current figure for the developed world - 78 years - is clearly far greater than that for either hunter- gatherers or farmers in the ancient world.
 
Q. Which of the following, if true, would strengthen the conclusion the most?
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Gurmeet Kaur answered  •  4 hours ago
Solution: Option 1 does not affect the conclusion at all, since it does not pertain to the comparison between modern developed societies and ancient hunter-gatherers.
Similarly, option 2 is also a non sequitur, as ancient farmers do not factor into the conclusion.
While option 3 does suggest that progress (in the technological sense) positively correlates to life expectancy, the lack of explicit comparison to either modern developed societies or ancient hunter-gatherers makes it an unsuitable answer.
Option 4 shows that the life of ancient hunter-gatherers was not perfect or peaceful, and that their actual lifespan was even shorter than their ‘natural’ lifespan (i.e. they died unnatural deaths). So it strengthens the conclusion.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

Reve Schiller is a corporate turnaround artist, and having previously steered Jordan Steel and Pan Asia Airlines through bankruptcy, he is now attempting to do the same with Upsilon Corp, the nation's largest supplier of auto parts. It's shaping up as a bumpy ride. Days after Upsilon filed for bankruptcy protection on August 8, he was criticized for providing a generous severance package for the senior management while indicating that he planned to ask for steep cuts in pay and benefits from the company's more than 68,000 unionized workers.
Upsilon's move puts the retirement pensions of its 60,000 U.S. employees and 19,000 retirees at risk and worsens the eroding position of its chief customer, Union Motors, which announced a 2.3 billion dollar third quarter loss recently. UM is contractually obligated to pay thousands of Upsilon workers a portion of any benefits they might lose in bankruptcy, a bill that could run as high as 13 billion dollars. One immediate reason for Upsilon's filing was to forestall a 1.8 billion dollar payment it was required to make to its pension programs in January. Schiller blames the defined pension benefit, which he calls an "anachronism," for his company's downfall and points to the downward wage pressure exerted by globalization for precipitating the current crisis.
 
 
Q. As a unionized worker of Upsilon Corp, you are aware that  your employers offer a salary that is five-thirds of what other auto-suppliers offer. You have been asked to join the agitation against Schiller’s policy of lowering increments in the salaries of unionized workers.
What decision will you take?
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Gurdevi answered  •  4 hours ago
Solution: The passage states that despite the company's financial woes, the senior management received large severance packages, while steep cuts were announced for the labor workforce. Thus, it would only be fair that the lowering of increments and pay cuts be evenly distributed throughout the organization. The correct decision would therefore be to participate in the agitation.
Options 2, 4 and 5 would be very passive actions to undertake.
Warning the higher management would negatively affect the interests of your co-workers. Eliminate option 3.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

The rate (per month) of increase in income is twice that of the expenditure. If there is no saving in the first month and the total savings in the first two months is one-fifth of the initial income, then the rate at which the expenditure increased is
  • a)
    10%
  • b)
    20%
  • c)
    25%
  • d)
    15%
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Suresh Rani answered  •  4 hours ago
Let the initial income and expenditure be / and E respectively.
Income in the second month = /(1 + 0.02r) and expenditure in the second month = E( 1 + 0.01 r); where ris the rate of increase in the expenditure.
Total savings at the end of two months = ( / - E ) + [(/ + 0.02Ir) - (E + 0.01 Er)
= 2(1- E) + r(0.02/- 0.01E)
= 2(1- E) + r(0.01 / - 0.01 E + 0.01 /)
= (2 + 0.01 r)(/ - E) + 0.01/r
Since the savings in the first month is 0, / - E = 0
0.01/r= 0.2/
0.01r=0.2
r = 20%
Hence, option 2.

Answer the following question based on the information given below.

This is my modest proposal: Google should create Google Kids, a search engine that filters the Web for children. Think back to when you were a kid and your parents dropped you off at the library. In the children’s section, there was no ‘inappropriate’ stuff to be found. Similarly, Google Kids would be a sort of children’s section of the Web, focused on providing high-quality results based on age.
 
What is the basic assumption of the author’s argument?
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Neelam Devi answered  •  4 hours ago
Solution: Option 2 is far too negative, and the issue of trusting children has no basis in the paragraph.
It is unlikely that the author is making this proposal directly to Google. Also “keenly” is not necessary in the assumption. Eliminate option 3.
The library is mentioned only as an example of how to provide an appropriate section for kids - equating library with physically searching for information and google with reading books is stretching the given data. Eliminate option 4.
Option 5 is not an assumption - it is the point of the library example.
Only option 1 is a basic assumption - a special search engine for kids is necessary only if the regular one provides results that are unsuitable for children.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate word/set of words from the given options.
Q.Because I was unwell, the farmer let me____there.
  • a)
    lay
  • b)
    lie
  • c)
    lied
  • d)
    laid
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Laxmi answered  •  4 hours ago
The simple present has to be used with “the farmer let me...” This eliminates options 3 and 4.
The verb “lay” is a transitive verb and takes an object. This eliminates option 1.
On the other hand, “lie” does not require an object.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

Arrange the jumbled sentences in order.
Q.I can’t accept it as mere coincidence_____ me to at a young age.
A. the very thought patterns and ideas
B. my inaugural mentor introduced
C. two subjects that powerfully investigate
D. that I found my passion in philosophy and political science;
  • a)
    ABDC
  • b)
    DCAB
  • c)
    ABCD
  • d)
    BADC
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Balvinder Kaur answered  •  4 hours ago
Part D must be the first since it introduces the idea that is carried forward through the rest of the sentence. Also, it begins with the relative pronoun “that”.
Then part C must follow D since it names the two subjects that are spoken of in part D.
The part that follows C must define it, hence, only part A can follow.
A is in turn followed by B which maintains the flow of the sentence.
Thus, the correct order is DCAB.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

There have been many instances of attacks on senior citizens in Mumbai. There have been 4 cases of such attacks in the JBR society in Mumbai, which is located on the Gaurya road. Rajshri More (65) and Rani Gala (61) became victims of chain- snatchers.The two incidents took place within a span of one hour. Around 12.30 pm, two unidentified bikers snatched More's chain on Gaurya Road. Similarly, two unidentified men on a motorcycle snatched Gala's chain near JBR society around 1.30 pm. Gala suffered severe injuries to her head as she tried to resist the attackers. "The boys were well-dressed and looked very sophisticated," said Gala, later on, from the hospital bed. Mr. Kale, the inspector in charge of that area of Mumbai is in a dilemma as to how to prevent or even stop such attacks, as he is short of people in his team.
 
Q. In spite of reshuffling his staff, it is seen that the attacks have not lessened in mumber. If these cases do not reduce within a month, Mr. Kale will be transferred. What should Kale do to prevent his transfer?
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Mamta Devi answered  •  4 hours ago
Solution: Option 2 is a very defeatist attitude for a policeman. The passage mentions that Mr. Kale wants to take some action in order to prevent these attacks. Therefore, running away will not be an option. So, option 2 can be ruled out.
Arguing will not solve the problem and will only result in the transfer of Mr. Kale. Therefore, option 3 can also be eliminated.
Simply mobilizing the youth without taking any legal action will not help stop these attacks. The civilians have to be guided and supported by trained officers. Eliminate option 4.
Waiting for more men in his team might take a long time.
And if the higher authorities do not know Mr. Kale's problem of having very few men in his team, they won't address it.
He will first have to make the authorities aware of this problem. Therefore, option 5 can be eliminated.
Option 1 is what Mr. Kale should follow. By prioritizing the issue, he is ensuring that his men concentrate on the situation at hand first.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

Reve Schiller is a corporate turnaround artist, and having previously steered Jordan Steel and Pan Asia Airlines through bankruptcy, he is now attempting to do the same with Upsilon Corp, the nation's largest supplier of auto parts. It's shaping up as a bumpy ride. Days after Upsilon filed for bankruptcy protection on August 8, he was criticized for providing a generous severance package for the senior management while indicating that he planned to ask for steep cuts in pay and benefits from the company's more than 68,000 unionized workers.
Upsilon's move puts the retirement pensions of its 60,000 U.S. employees and 19,000 retirees at risk and worsens the eroding position of its chief customer, Union Motors, which announced a 2.3 billion dollar third quarter loss recently. UM is contractually obligated to pay thousands of Upsilon workers a portion of any benefits they might lose in bankruptcy, a bill that could run as high as 13 billion dollars. One immediate reason for Upsilon's filing was to forestall a 1.8 billion dollar payment it was required to make to its pension programs in January. Schiller blames the defined pension benefit, which he calls an "anachronism," for his company's downfall and points to the downward wage pressure exerted by globalization for precipitating the current crisis.
Q. With increasing protests from workers and retirees for his decision to give out generous severance packages, Schiller has agreed to take a salary of $1 till the restructuring is done. However, none of the former members of the senior management have offered to return or reduce their severance pay. As a retiree from Upsilon Motors, who would you hold responsible for the company’s current financial dilemma?
A. Reve Schiller
B. The Board of Directors
C. Trade Unions
D. Former senior management
E. The management of Union Motors
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Shanti Devi answered  •  4 hours ago
Solution: The decision to give large severance packages was taken by Schiller and approved by the board of directors. Despite the increasing pressure to reduce costs, the former senior management did not forfeit a part of their severance pay. Thus, Schiller, the Board of Directors and the former senior management are responsible. None of the other entities are responsible for the current financial dilemma.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

DIRECTIONS for the question: Choose the word from the options which is most similar in meaning to the given word.
Veracious
  • a)
    False
  • b)
    Varied
  • c)
    Image
  • d)
    Truthful
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Bakliwal Institute answered  •  12 hours ago
Veracious is a synonym for honest in truthful topic. In some cases you can use "Veracious" instead an adjective "Honest", when it comes to topics like true, trustworthy, virtuous.

Sonam has a rectangular garden. If the length of the garden is reduced by 5 m and breadth is increased by 3 m, then the area of the garden gets reduced by 9 m2. However, if we increase the length by 3 m and breadth by 2 m, the area is increased by 67m2. What is the length of the garden?
  • a)
    16 m
  • b)
    17 m
  • c)
    16.5 m
  • d)
    17.5 m
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Wizius Careers answered  •  13 hours ago
Let the length of the garden be l m and the breadth be b m.

Then it's area is lb m^2.

According to the problem, (l - 5)(b+3) =lb -9

=> 3l - 5b = 6 …(1)

Also as per the problem, (l+3)(b+2) = lb + 67

= 2l + 3b = 61….(2)

Multiplying (1) by 3 and (2) by 5 and adding we get

19l = 323 = l = 17

Hence the length of the garden is 17 meters.

view all 2 answers

Due to 20% hike in bus fare, a 10% fall in the passenger traffic was recorded. Yet the daily collection of a bus depot increased by Rs. 150. What was the daily collection of the bus depot after the fare hike?
  • a)
    Rs. 2,100
  • b)
    Rs. 2,250
  • c)
    Rs. 2,025
  • d)
    Rs. 1,875
Correct answer is option 'C'. Can you explain this answer?

Talent Skill Learning answered  •  13 hours ago
Let the original bus fare per person be Rs. x daily passenger traffic be y. 
Daily collection at the depot = Rs. xy
Increased bus fare = Rs. 1.2x 
Reduced passenger traffic =0.9y=1.08xy
Given, 

0
.
0
8
=
1
8
7
5
 Increased daily collection 
 Rs. 
 Rs 
 Rs. 
.

MOUNTAIN
  • a)
    Plain
  • b)
    Plateau
  • c)
    Precipice
  • d)
    Valley
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

Ram Lal Verma answered  •  13 hours ago
A valley is a lower part in the land, between two higher parts which might be hills or mountains. Valleys often start as a downward fold between two upward folds in the surface of the Earth, and sometimes as a rift valley. A place where a valley is very narrow and has high walls is sometimes called a "gorge".

Three carpenters P,Q and R are entrusted with office furniture work. P can do a job in 42 days. If Q is 26% more efficient than P, and R is 50% more efficient than Q, then Q and R together can finish the job in approximately :
(IIFT 2015)
  • a)
    11 days
  • b)
    13 days
  • c)
    15 days
  • d)
    17 days
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

Talent Skill Learning answered  •  13 hours ago
Assume that P does x units of work in one day.

Total work = 42x

One day work of Q = 1.26x units

One day work of R = 1.26x � 1.5 = 1.89x units

Total work done by Q and R in one day = 1.26x + 1.89x = 3.15x

So, Q and R can finish the work in 42x/3.15x = 13 days approximately.

A tank has an inlet pipe and an outlet pipe. If the outlet pipe is closed, then the inlet pipe fills the empty tank in 8 hours. If the outlet pipe is open, then the inlet pipe fills the empty tank in 10 hours. If only the outlet pipe is open, then in how many hours the full tank becomes half-full?
(CAT 2017)
  • a)
    20
  • b)
    30
  • c)
    40
  • d)
    45
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Bakliwal Institute answered  •  13 hours ago
From CAT 2017 – Quantitative Aptitude – Arithmetic – Pipes and Cisterns, we can see that,
The time in which inlet pipe can fill tank (a) = 8 hrs
Time in which outlet pipe can empty the tank = b
1/a – 1/b = 1/10
On solving, we get b = 40 hrs
Half of the tank will be empty when b=20 hrs

At their usual efficiency levels, A and B together finish a task in 12 days. If A had worked half as efficiently as she usually does, and B had worked thrice as efficiently as he usually does, the task would have been completed in 9 days. How many days would A  take to finish the task if she works alone at her usual efficiency?
(CAT 2019)
  • a)
    18
  • b)
    36
  • c)
    24
  • d)
    12
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Talent Skill Learning answered  •  14 hours ago
let usual efficiency of A = 2a and that of B = b
So total work = 12*(2a+b) = 24a+12b——1)
In 2nd case when efficiency of A is halved and efficiency of B get tripled , new efficiency of A = 2a/2 = a
New efficiency of B = b*3 =3b
Total work = 9(a+3b) = 9a+27b ——2)
From eq 1) and 2)
24a+12b = 9a + 27b
15a = 15b
Or a=b
So total work = 24a+12b = 24a+12a = 36a
Time taken by A alone to complete the work = 36a/2a = 18 days

Four two-way pipes, A,B,C and D can either fill an empty tank or drain the full tank in 4, 10, 12 and 20 minutes, respectively. All four pipes were opened simultaneously when the tank is empty. Under which of the following conditions, the tank would be half filled after 30 minutes?
(XAT 2017)
  • a)
    Pipe A filled and pipes, B,C and D drained
  • b)
    Pipe A drained and pipes B,C and D filled
  • c)
    Pipes A and D drained and pipes B and C filled
  • d)
    Pipes A and D filled and pipes B and C drained
  • e)
    None of the above
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Wizius Careers answered  •  14 hours ago
Let the capacity of the tank be 60 litres (LCM of 4, 10, 12 and 60).

Pipe A can fill or drain 60/4 or 15 litres in 1 minute.

Similarly, pipes B, C and D can fill or drain 6 litres, 5 litres and 3 litres in 1 minute respectively.

We want to fill the tank half, which is 30 litres, in 30 minutes. This is equal to 1 litre in 1 minute.

Case A: 15 - 6 - 5 - 3 = 1

Case B: 6 + 5 + 3 - 15 = -1

Case C: 6 + 5 - 15 - 3 = -7

Case D: 15 + 3 - 6 - 5 = 7

When they work alone, B needs 25% more time to finish a job than A does. The two finish the job in 13 days in the following manner : A works alone till half the job is done, then A and B work together for four days, and finally B works alone to complete the remaining 5% of the job. In how many days can B alone finish the entire job?
(CAT 2018)
  • a)
    20
  • b)
    16
  • c)
    22
  • d)
    18
Correct answer is option 'A'. Can you explain this answer?

Bakliwal Institute answered  •  14 hours ago
Ratio of time taken by A and B to complete the work alone = 1: 1.25 = 4x : 5x
As A complete half of the work alone  and B complete 5% of the work alone, so they will complete remaining 45% of work in 4 days .
So time taken by them to complete the whole work together = 4 * 100/45 = 80/9
Or (4x*5x)/(4x+5x) = 80/9
x = 4
Thus time taken by B to complete the work alone = 5x = 20 days

A person can complete a job in 120 days. He works alone on Day 1. On Day 2, he is joined by another person who also can complete the job in exactly 120 days. On Day 3, they are joined by another person of equal efficiency. Like this, everyday a new person with the same efficiency joins the work. How many days are required to complete the job?
(CAT 2017)
Correct answer is '15 days'. Can you explain this answer?

Target Study Academy answered  •  14 hours ago
As per the question from CAT 2017 – Quantitative Aptitude – Arithmetic – Time and Work, we can see that,
On Day 1, the person works alone. So, work done on Day 1 = 1/120
Next day, another person joins him, Work done on Day 2 = 2/120
And so on, until the final day
So, sum total of work done = 1/120 + 2/120 +………+ n/120 = 1
(1/120) (1 + 2+3+……+n) = 1
(1/120) [n(n+1)/2] = 1 (Sum of n positive integers)
On solving, we get n = 15.

Sheelawati asked   •  11 hours ago

DIRECTIONS for the question: Read the passage and answer the question based on it.
PROBLEMS FACING POTENTIAL EXPORTERS
Many firms fail because when they begin exporting, they have not researched the target markets or have not developed an international marketing plan to be successful. A firm must clearly define goals objectives and potential problems. Secondly it must develop a definitive plan to accomplish it's objective regardless of problems involved. Unless the firm is fortunate enough to possess a staff with considerable expertise, it may not be able to take this crucial first step without qualified outside guidance.
Often top management is not committed enough to overcome the initial difficulties and financial requirements of exporting. It can often take more time and effort to establish a firm in a foreign market than in domestic one. Although the early delays and costs involved in exporting may seem difficult to justify when compared to established domestic trade the exporter should take a more objective view of this process and carefully monitor international marketing efforts through these early difficulties. If a good foundation is laid for export business the benefits derived should eventually out-weigh the investment.
Another problem area is in the selection of foreign distributor. The complications involved in overseas communications and transportation require international distributors to act with greater independence than their domestic counterparts also since a new exporter's trademarks and reputation is usually unknown in the foreign market. Foreign customers may buy on the strength of distributing agent's reputation. A firm should therefore conduct a thorough evaluation of the distributor's facilities, the personnel handling its account and managements methods employed.
Another common difficultly for new exporter is the neglect of the export market once the domestic one booms: too many companies only concentrate on exporting when there is recession. Others may refuse to modify products to meet the regulations or cultural preferences of other countries. Local safety regulations cannot be ignored by exporters. If necessary modifications are not made at the factory the distributor must make them, this is usually at a greater cost and probably not as satisfactory as it should be. It should also be noted that the resulting smaller profit margin makes the account less attractive.
If exporters expect distributing agents to actively promote their accounts they must be trained and their performance must be continually monitored. This requires a company's marketing executive to be located permanently in the distributor's geographical areas until there is sufficient business to support the representative. The distributor should also be treated on an equal basis with domestic counterparts for e.g. special discount offers, sales incentive programmes and special credit terms should be available.
Considering a joint venture or licensing agreement is another option for new exporters. However, many companies still dismiss international marketing as unviable. There are a number of reasons for this. There may be import restrictions in the target market. The company may lack sufficient financial resources or its product line may be too limited. Yet many products that can compete on a national basis can be successful in the majority of world markets. In general, all that is needed for success is flexibility in using the proper combinations of marketing techniques.
Q. The writer states that some companies are reluctant to export because
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Madhav Prasad Banjade asked   •  15 hours ago

Group Question
Answer the questions based on the passage given below.
The US Treasury Department recently announced that it would start demanding details of the shell companies that rich foreigners use to buy real estate in Manhattan and Miami-Dade County. This is a good step that should help law enforcement agencies crack down on money laundering, tax evasion and other crimes. The program should be broadened to cover the whole country, and must be forcefully carried out.
In recent years, there have been certain sections of people that have stashed billions of dollars of wealth in the United States by buying property and other costly assets. These purchases are generally made through limited liability corporations that are not required to disclose their wealthy owners or beneficiaries. While limited liability corporations have many legitimate purposes, there is no justification for allowing owners to shield their identities even from law enforcement and regulators. The secrecy is so complete that law enforcement officials say they are often unable to identify the true owners. All efforts by lawmakers have been thwarted by lobbying from the financial and real estate industries and state governments.
The department currently requires mortgage lenders to know the identities of the true owners of shell companies in transactions that involve loans. Under the new policy, the department’s Financial Crimes Enforcement Network will require details of limited liability companies that buy properties without loans. However, the order applies only to Manhattan and Miami-Dade County, and will be effective for only 180 days, starting in March.
The department should also adopt pending regulations that would require financial firms to know who owns the limited liability companies whose accounts they manage. It is absurd that regulators would not require such basic transparency as a matter of course. The current system practically lays out the welcome mat for some foreigners hiding assets from their governments, making United States one of the world’s biggest tax havens.
Supporters of the current system may argue that requiring more transparency would burden financial institutions without ending money laundering and tax evasion, since determined criminals will find ways to thwart the law. But that doesn’t justify doing nothing about this hole in financial regulations.
 
Q. From the context, a ‘shell company’ can be inferred to be:
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