1) Healthy diet =A healthy diet and good nutrients is one of the main components of a positive lifestyle. It is also beneficial to minimize the saturated fats and food laden with sugar and salt.
2) Physical Activity = Physical activity or exercise is another vital component of positive lifestyle. Regular physical exercises are needed to maintain a healthy weigh and to enhance strength and flexibility of the body.
3) Stress Management = Stress management is also a significant component of positive lifestyle. Stress can be manage properly through meditation and relaxation techniques only.
Small-scale enterprises can raise loans from the commercial banks with or without security. This method of financing does not require any legal formality except that of creating a mortgage on the assets. Loan can be paid in lump sum or in parts. The short-term loans can also be obtained from banks on the personal security of the directors of a country.
Often companies find it easy and convenient to raise short- term funds by inviting shareholders, employees and the general public to deposit their savings with the company. It is a simple method of raising funds from public for which the company has only to advertise and inform the public that it is authorised by the Companies Act 1956, to accept public deposits.
3. Trade Credit:
Just as the companies sell goods on credit, they also buy raw materials, components and other goods on credit from their suppliers. Thus, outstanding amounts payable to the suppliers i.e., trade creditors for credit purchases are regarded as sources of finance. Generally, suppliers grant credit to their clients for a period of 3 to 6 months.
Factoring is a financial service designed to help firms in managing their book debts and receivables in a better manner. The book debts and receivables are assigned to a bank called the ‘factor’ and cash is realised in advance from the bank. For rendering these services, the fee or commission charged is usually a percentage of the value of the book debts/receivables factored.
5. Discounting Bills of Exchange:
When goods are sold on credit, bills of exchange are generally drawn for acceptance by the buyers of goods. The bills are generally drawn for a period of 3 to 6 months. In practice, the writer of the bill, instead of holding the bill till the date of maturity, prefers to discount them with commercial banks on payment of a charge known as discount.
6. Bank Overdraft and Cash Credit:
Overdraft is a facility extended by the banks to their current account holders for a short-period generally a week. A current account holder is allowed to withdraw from its current deposit account upto a certain limit over the balance with the bank. The interest is charged only on the amount actually overdrawn. The overdraft facility is also granted against securities.
7. Advances from Customers:
One way of raising funds for short-term requirement is to demand for advance from one’s own customers. Examples of advances from the customers are advance paid at the time of booking a car, a telephone connection, a flat, etc. This has become an increasingly popular source of short-term finance among the small business enterprises mainly due to two reasons.
8. Accrual Accounts:
Generally, there is a certain amount of time gap between incomes is earned and is actually received or expenditure becomes due and is actually paid. Salaries, wages and taxes, for example, become due at the end of the month but are usually paid in the first week of the next month. Thus, the outstanding salaries and wages as expenses for a week help the enterprise in meeting their working capital requirements. This source of raising funds does not involve any cost.