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 (ii) Who was the head of that party? 
Throw light on his personality.
 Ans. (i) Swastika sign shown in the above 
picture belonged to the Nazi party.
 (ii) Adolf Hitler was the head of the Nazi 
party. Hitler was a powerful speaker. 
His personality and his words moved 
people. He invented a new style 
of politics. His hypnotic speeches 
attracted all classes of German 
people whose sense of dignity and 
pride had been shattered while living 
in a period of acute economic and 
political crisis. Hitler established 
a dictatorship in his regime and 
was portrayed as a messiah to the 
Germans.
 VII. Value-based Questions
 Q1. Hitler was frantically interested in 
the youth of the country. He felt 
that a strong Nazi society could be 
established only by increasing the 
number of ‘good German’ children 
and by teaching them Nazi ideology. 
He wanted to promote sports such as 
boxing among them.
  Give three values which can be 
reflected from the game like boxing.
 Ans. (i) Hitler believed that boxing could 
make children steel-hearted and 
tough.
 (ii) The game could make them strong 
enough to tackle any situation.
 (iii) Further, the game could make 
children masculine. Unless they 
felt masculine, they could not be the 
saviour of their country.
 Q2. Suppose you are a German boy under 
Nazi Germany and have attained 
the age of 14. As expected, you have 
been asked to join the Nazi Youth 
Organisation i.e., Hitler organisation. 
But you decide not to join this 
organisation.
  Why do you take such a decision?
 Ans. I take such a decision because I know 
that once I join the organisation, 
I’ll have to learn to worship war, 
glorify aggression and violence, 
condemn democracy, and hate Jews, 
communists, Gypsies, etc. I can’t do 
all these. I am a great liberal and 
believe in the service of mankind. I 
can’t look down upon Jews and other 
communities. They also are human 
beings and have full right to enjoy 
equal status.
 Q3. Here is the letter written by Mahatma Gandhi to Adolf Hitler on June 23rd, 1939.
HERR HITLER
BERLIN
 GERMANY
 DEAR FRIEND,
 Friends have been urging me to write to you for the sake of humanity. But I have 
resisted their request, because of the feeling that any letter from me would be an 
impertinence. Something tells me that I must not calculate and that I must make my 
appeal for whatever it may be worth.
 It is quite clear that you are today the one person in the world who can prevent a war 
which may reduce humanity to the savage state.
 Must you pay that price for an object however worthy it may appear to you to be? Will 
you listen to the appeal of one who has deliberately shunned the method of war not 
without considerable success?
 Anyway I anticipate your forgiveness, if I have erred in writing to you.
 I remain,
 Your sincere friend,
 M.K. GANDHI
Page 2


 (ii) Who was the head of that party? 
Throw light on his personality.
 Ans. (i) Swastika sign shown in the above 
picture belonged to the Nazi party.
 (ii) Adolf Hitler was the head of the Nazi 
party. Hitler was a powerful speaker. 
His personality and his words moved 
people. He invented a new style 
of politics. His hypnotic speeches 
attracted all classes of German 
people whose sense of dignity and 
pride had been shattered while living 
in a period of acute economic and 
political crisis. Hitler established 
a dictatorship in his regime and 
was portrayed as a messiah to the 
Germans.
 VII. Value-based Questions
 Q1. Hitler was frantically interested in 
the youth of the country. He felt 
that a strong Nazi society could be 
established only by increasing the 
number of ‘good German’ children 
and by teaching them Nazi ideology. 
He wanted to promote sports such as 
boxing among them.
  Give three values which can be 
reflected from the game like boxing.
 Ans. (i) Hitler believed that boxing could 
make children steel-hearted and 
tough.
 (ii) The game could make them strong 
enough to tackle any situation.
 (iii) Further, the game could make 
children masculine. Unless they 
felt masculine, they could not be the 
saviour of their country.
 Q2. Suppose you are a German boy under 
Nazi Germany and have attained 
the age of 14. As expected, you have 
been asked to join the Nazi Youth 
Organisation i.e., Hitler organisation. 
But you decide not to join this 
organisation.
  Why do you take such a decision?
 Ans. I take such a decision because I know 
that once I join the organisation, 
I’ll have to learn to worship war, 
glorify aggression and violence, 
condemn democracy, and hate Jews, 
communists, Gypsies, etc. I can’t do 
all these. I am a great liberal and 
believe in the service of mankind. I 
can’t look down upon Jews and other 
communities. They also are human 
beings and have full right to enjoy 
equal status.
 Q3. Here is the letter written by Mahatma Gandhi to Adolf Hitler on June 23rd, 1939.
HERR HITLER
BERLIN
 GERMANY
 DEAR FRIEND,
 Friends have been urging me to write to you for the sake of humanity. But I have 
resisted their request, because of the feeling that any letter from me would be an 
impertinence. Something tells me that I must not calculate and that I must make my 
appeal for whatever it may be worth.
 It is quite clear that you are today the one person in the world who can prevent a war 
which may reduce humanity to the savage state.
 Must you pay that price for an object however worthy it may appear to you to be? Will 
you listen to the appeal of one who has deliberately shunned the method of war not 
without considerable success?
 Anyway I anticipate your forgiveness, if I have erred in writing to you.
 I remain,
 Your sincere friend,
 M.K. GANDHI
  Give five values which can be reflected from the above letter.
 Ans.  (i) Non-violence
  (ii) A deep sense of humanity
  (iii) Forbearance
  (iv) Peace
  (v) Humility
VIII. Map Skills
 Q1. On an outline map of Europe, show the expansion of Nazi power in 1942.
 Ans. 
 Q2. On an outline map of the world, locate and label the following major countries of the 
Second World War.    (as per the CBSE Map List 2017-18)
  Axis Powers – Germany, Italy, Japan
  Allied Powers – UK, France, Former USSR, USA
Page 3


 (ii) Who was the head of that party? 
Throw light on his personality.
 Ans. (i) Swastika sign shown in the above 
picture belonged to the Nazi party.
 (ii) Adolf Hitler was the head of the Nazi 
party. Hitler was a powerful speaker. 
His personality and his words moved 
people. He invented a new style 
of politics. His hypnotic speeches 
attracted all classes of German 
people whose sense of dignity and 
pride had been shattered while living 
in a period of acute economic and 
political crisis. Hitler established 
a dictatorship in his regime and 
was portrayed as a messiah to the 
Germans.
 VII. Value-based Questions
 Q1. Hitler was frantically interested in 
the youth of the country. He felt 
that a strong Nazi society could be 
established only by increasing the 
number of ‘good German’ children 
and by teaching them Nazi ideology. 
He wanted to promote sports such as 
boxing among them.
  Give three values which can be 
reflected from the game like boxing.
 Ans. (i) Hitler believed that boxing could 
make children steel-hearted and 
tough.
 (ii) The game could make them strong 
enough to tackle any situation.
 (iii) Further, the game could make 
children masculine. Unless they 
felt masculine, they could not be the 
saviour of their country.
 Q2. Suppose you are a German boy under 
Nazi Germany and have attained 
the age of 14. As expected, you have 
been asked to join the Nazi Youth 
Organisation i.e., Hitler organisation. 
But you decide not to join this 
organisation.
  Why do you take such a decision?
 Ans. I take such a decision because I know 
that once I join the organisation, 
I’ll have to learn to worship war, 
glorify aggression and violence, 
condemn democracy, and hate Jews, 
communists, Gypsies, etc. I can’t do 
all these. I am a great liberal and 
believe in the service of mankind. I 
can’t look down upon Jews and other 
communities. They also are human 
beings and have full right to enjoy 
equal status.
 Q3. Here is the letter written by Mahatma Gandhi to Adolf Hitler on June 23rd, 1939.
HERR HITLER
BERLIN
 GERMANY
 DEAR FRIEND,
 Friends have been urging me to write to you for the sake of humanity. But I have 
resisted their request, because of the feeling that any letter from me would be an 
impertinence. Something tells me that I must not calculate and that I must make my 
appeal for whatever it may be worth.
 It is quite clear that you are today the one person in the world who can prevent a war 
which may reduce humanity to the savage state.
 Must you pay that price for an object however worthy it may appear to you to be? Will 
you listen to the appeal of one who has deliberately shunned the method of war not 
without considerable success?
 Anyway I anticipate your forgiveness, if I have erred in writing to you.
 I remain,
 Your sincere friend,
 M.K. GANDHI
  Give five values which can be reflected from the above letter.
 Ans.  (i) Non-violence
  (ii) A deep sense of humanity
  (iii) Forbearance
  (iv) Peace
  (v) Humility
VIII. Map Skills
 Q1. On an outline map of Europe, show the expansion of Nazi power in 1942.
 Ans. 
 Q2. On an outline map of the world, locate and label the following major countries of the 
Second World War.    (as per the CBSE Map List 2017-18)
  Axis Powers – Germany, Italy, Japan
  Allied Powers – UK, France, Former USSR, USA
 Ans. 
 Q3. On an outline map of the world, locate and label the territories which were under German expansion (Nazi power):
  Austria, Poland, Czechoslovakia (only Slovakia), Denmark, Lithuania, France, Belgium(as per the CBSE Map List 2017-18) 
Page 4


 (ii) Who was the head of that party? 
Throw light on his personality.
 Ans. (i) Swastika sign shown in the above 
picture belonged to the Nazi party.
 (ii) Adolf Hitler was the head of the Nazi 
party. Hitler was a powerful speaker. 
His personality and his words moved 
people. He invented a new style 
of politics. His hypnotic speeches 
attracted all classes of German 
people whose sense of dignity and 
pride had been shattered while living 
in a period of acute economic and 
political crisis. Hitler established 
a dictatorship in his regime and 
was portrayed as a messiah to the 
Germans.
 VII. Value-based Questions
 Q1. Hitler was frantically interested in 
the youth of the country. He felt 
that a strong Nazi society could be 
established only by increasing the 
number of ‘good German’ children 
and by teaching them Nazi ideology. 
He wanted to promote sports such as 
boxing among them.
  Give three values which can be 
reflected from the game like boxing.
 Ans. (i) Hitler believed that boxing could 
make children steel-hearted and 
tough.
 (ii) The game could make them strong 
enough to tackle any situation.
 (iii) Further, the game could make 
children masculine. Unless they 
felt masculine, they could not be the 
saviour of their country.
 Q2. Suppose you are a German boy under 
Nazi Germany and have attained 
the age of 14. As expected, you have 
been asked to join the Nazi Youth 
Organisation i.e., Hitler organisation. 
But you decide not to join this 
organisation.
  Why do you take such a decision?
 Ans. I take such a decision because I know 
that once I join the organisation, 
I’ll have to learn to worship war, 
glorify aggression and violence, 
condemn democracy, and hate Jews, 
communists, Gypsies, etc. I can’t do 
all these. I am a great liberal and 
believe in the service of mankind. I 
can’t look down upon Jews and other 
communities. They also are human 
beings and have full right to enjoy 
equal status.
 Q3. Here is the letter written by Mahatma Gandhi to Adolf Hitler on June 23rd, 1939.
HERR HITLER
BERLIN
 GERMANY
 DEAR FRIEND,
 Friends have been urging me to write to you for the sake of humanity. But I have 
resisted their request, because of the feeling that any letter from me would be an 
impertinence. Something tells me that I must not calculate and that I must make my 
appeal for whatever it may be worth.
 It is quite clear that you are today the one person in the world who can prevent a war 
which may reduce humanity to the savage state.
 Must you pay that price for an object however worthy it may appear to you to be? Will 
you listen to the appeal of one who has deliberately shunned the method of war not 
without considerable success?
 Anyway I anticipate your forgiveness, if I have erred in writing to you.
 I remain,
 Your sincere friend,
 M.K. GANDHI
  Give five values which can be reflected from the above letter.
 Ans.  (i) Non-violence
  (ii) A deep sense of humanity
  (iii) Forbearance
  (iv) Peace
  (v) Humility
VIII. Map Skills
 Q1. On an outline map of Europe, show the expansion of Nazi power in 1942.
 Ans. 
 Q2. On an outline map of the world, locate and label the following major countries of the 
Second World War.    (as per the CBSE Map List 2017-18)
  Axis Powers – Germany, Italy, Japan
  Allied Powers – UK, France, Former USSR, USA
 Ans. 
 Q3. On an outline map of the world, locate and label the territories which were under German expansion (Nazi power):
  Austria, Poland, Czechoslovakia (only Slovakia), Denmark, Lithuania, France, Belgium(as per the CBSE Map List 2017-18) 
 Ans. 
TEST YOUR SKILLS
 1. What were the main reasons of the birth of the Weimar Republic in Germany?
 2. How was the German economy affected by the Great Economic Depression?
 3. How did the economic crisis in Germany affect people in general?
 4. How was the Weimar Republic politically fragile and weak?
 5. Many others were also punished along with Jews in the Nazi Germany. Who were they?
???
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Ch 3 e | Extra Documents & Tests for Class 9

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