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Introductory Exercise 24.1
Ques 1: Figure shows a conducting loop placed near a long straight 
wire carrying a current i as shown. If the current increases 
continuously, find the direction of the induced current in the loop.
Sol: magnetic field passing through loop is increasing. Hence induced current 
will produce magnetic field. So, induced current should be anti-clockwise.
Ques 2: A metallic loop is placed in a nonuniform steady magnetic 
field. Will an emf be induced in the loop?
Sol: It is true that magnetic flux passing through the loop is calculated by 
integration. But it remains constant.
Ques 3: Write the dimensions of 
Sol:  =  [Potential or EMF]
= [ML2A-1T-3]
Introductory Exercise 24.2
Ques 1: A triangular loop is placed in a dot  magnetic field as 
shown in figure. Find the direction of induced current in the loop if 
magnetic field is increasing.
Page 2


Introductory Exercise 24.1
Ques 1: Figure shows a conducting loop placed near a long straight 
wire carrying a current i as shown. If the current increases 
continuously, find the direction of the induced current in the loop.
Sol: magnetic field passing through loop is increasing. Hence induced current 
will produce magnetic field. So, induced current should be anti-clockwise.
Ques 2: A metallic loop is placed in a nonuniform steady magnetic 
field. Will an emf be induced in the loop?
Sol: It is true that magnetic flux passing through the loop is calculated by 
integration. But it remains constant.
Ques 3: Write the dimensions of 
Sol:  =  [Potential or EMF]
= [ML2A-1T-3]
Introductory Exercise 24.2
Ques 1: A triangular loop is placed in a dot  magnetic field as 
shown in figure. Find the direction of induced current in the loop if 
magnetic field is increasing.
Sol:  is increasing. Hence  is produced by the induced current. So, it is 
clockwise.
Ques 2: A rectangular loop is placed near a current carrying straight 
wire as shown in figure. If the loop is rotated about an axis passing 
through one of its sides, find the direction of induced current in the 
loop.
Sol: Magnetic lines around the straight wire are circular. So, same magnetic 
lines will pass through loop under all conditions.
?F = 0 ?    emf = 0 ? i = 0
Ques 3: Two circular loops lie side by side in the same plane. One is 
connected to a source that supplies an increasing current, the other 
is a simple closed ring. Is the induced current in the ring is in the 
same direction as that in the loop connected to the source or 
opposite? What if the current in the first loop is decreasing?
Sol: By increasing the current in loop-1 magnetic field in ring-2 in downward 
direct ion will increase. Hence induced current in ring-2 should produce 
upward magnetic field. Or current in ring should be in the same direction.
Introductory Exercise 24.3
Page 3


Introductory Exercise 24.1
Ques 1: Figure shows a conducting loop placed near a long straight 
wire carrying a current i as shown. If the current increases 
continuously, find the direction of the induced current in the loop.
Sol: magnetic field passing through loop is increasing. Hence induced current 
will produce magnetic field. So, induced current should be anti-clockwise.
Ques 2: A metallic loop is placed in a nonuniform steady magnetic 
field. Will an emf be induced in the loop?
Sol: It is true that magnetic flux passing through the loop is calculated by 
integration. But it remains constant.
Ques 3: Write the dimensions of 
Sol:  =  [Potential or EMF]
= [ML2A-1T-3]
Introductory Exercise 24.2
Ques 1: A triangular loop is placed in a dot  magnetic field as 
shown in figure. Find the direction of induced current in the loop if 
magnetic field is increasing.
Sol:  is increasing. Hence  is produced by the induced current. So, it is 
clockwise.
Ques 2: A rectangular loop is placed near a current carrying straight 
wire as shown in figure. If the loop is rotated about an axis passing 
through one of its sides, find the direction of induced current in the 
loop.
Sol: Magnetic lines around the straight wire are circular. So, same magnetic 
lines will pass through loop under all conditions.
?F = 0 ?    emf = 0 ? i = 0
Ques 3: Two circular loops lie side by side in the same plane. One is 
connected to a source that supplies an increasing current, the other 
is a simple closed ring. Is the induced current in the ring is in the 
same direction as that in the loop connected to the source or 
opposite? What if the current in the first loop is decreasing?
Sol: By increasing the current in loop-1 magnetic field in ring-2 in downward 
direct ion will increase. Hence induced current in ring-2 should produce 
upward magnetic field. Or current in ring should be in the same direction.
Introductory Exercise 24.3
Ques 1: A loop of wire enclosing an area S is placed in a region where 
the magnetic field is perpendicular to the plane. The magnetic 
field  varies wit h time according to the expression B = B0e-
at where a is so me constant. That is, at t = 0. The field is B0 and for t 
> 0, the field decreases exponentially. Find the induced emf in the 
loop as a function of time.
Sol: 
Ques 2: As the bar shown in figure moves in a direct ion 
perpendicular to the field, is an external force required to keep it 
moving with constant speed.
Sol: Circuit is not closed. So, current is zero or magnetic force is zero.
Ques 3: A coil formed by wrapping 50 turns of wire in the shape of a 
square is positioned in a magnetic field so that the normal to the 
plane of the coil makes an angle of 30°, with the direction of the field. 
When the magnetic field is increased uniformly from 200 µT to 600 µT 
in 0.4 s, an emf of magnitude 80.0 mV is induced in the coil. What is 
the total length of the wire?
Sol: 
Page 4


Introductory Exercise 24.1
Ques 1: Figure shows a conducting loop placed near a long straight 
wire carrying a current i as shown. If the current increases 
continuously, find the direction of the induced current in the loop.
Sol: magnetic field passing through loop is increasing. Hence induced current 
will produce magnetic field. So, induced current should be anti-clockwise.
Ques 2: A metallic loop is placed in a nonuniform steady magnetic 
field. Will an emf be induced in the loop?
Sol: It is true that magnetic flux passing through the loop is calculated by 
integration. But it remains constant.
Ques 3: Write the dimensions of 
Sol:  =  [Potential or EMF]
= [ML2A-1T-3]
Introductory Exercise 24.2
Ques 1: A triangular loop is placed in a dot  magnetic field as 
shown in figure. Find the direction of induced current in the loop if 
magnetic field is increasing.
Sol:  is increasing. Hence  is produced by the induced current. So, it is 
clockwise.
Ques 2: A rectangular loop is placed near a current carrying straight 
wire as shown in figure. If the loop is rotated about an axis passing 
through one of its sides, find the direction of induced current in the 
loop.
Sol: Magnetic lines around the straight wire are circular. So, same magnetic 
lines will pass through loop under all conditions.
?F = 0 ?    emf = 0 ? i = 0
Ques 3: Two circular loops lie side by side in the same plane. One is 
connected to a source that supplies an increasing current, the other 
is a simple closed ring. Is the induced current in the ring is in the 
same direction as that in the loop connected to the source or 
opposite? What if the current in the first loop is decreasing?
Sol: By increasing the current in loop-1 magnetic field in ring-2 in downward 
direct ion will increase. Hence induced current in ring-2 should produce 
upward magnetic field. Or current in ring should be in the same direction.
Introductory Exercise 24.3
Ques 1: A loop of wire enclosing an area S is placed in a region where 
the magnetic field is perpendicular to the plane. The magnetic 
field  varies wit h time according to the expression B = B0e-
at where a is so me constant. That is, at t = 0. The field is B0 and for t 
> 0, the field decreases exponentially. Find the induced emf in the 
loop as a function of time.
Sol: 
Ques 2: As the bar shown in figure moves in a direct ion 
perpendicular to the field, is an external force required to keep it 
moving with constant speed.
Sol: Circuit is not closed. So, current is zero or magnetic force is zero.
Ques 3: A coil formed by wrapping 50 turns of wire in the shape of a 
square is positioned in a magnetic field so that the normal to the 
plane of the coil makes an angle of 30°, with the direction of the field. 
When the magnetic field is increased uniformly from 200 µT to 600 µT 
in 0.4 s, an emf of magnitude 80.0 mV is induced in the coil. What is 
the total length of the wire?
Sol: 
Side of square = 1.36 m Total length of wire = 50 (4 × 1.36) = 272 m
Ques 4: The long straight wire in figure (a) carries a constant current 
i. A metal bar of length l is moving at constant velocity v as shown in 
figure. Point a is a distance d from the wire.
 
(a) Calculate the emf induced in the bar.
(b) Which point a or b is at higher potential?
(c) If the bar is replaced by a rectangular wire loop of resistance R, 
what is the magnitude of current induced in the loop?
Sol: (a) At a distance x from the wire magnet ic field over the wire ab is
(b) Magnetic field due to current i over the wire ab is inwards. Velocity of wire 
ab is towards right. Applying right hand rule we can see that a point is at 
higher potential.
(c) Net change in flux through the loop abcd is zero.
Hence induced emf is zero. So, induced current is zero.
Page 5


Introductory Exercise 24.1
Ques 1: Figure shows a conducting loop placed near a long straight 
wire carrying a current i as shown. If the current increases 
continuously, find the direction of the induced current in the loop.
Sol: magnetic field passing through loop is increasing. Hence induced current 
will produce magnetic field. So, induced current should be anti-clockwise.
Ques 2: A metallic loop is placed in a nonuniform steady magnetic 
field. Will an emf be induced in the loop?
Sol: It is true that magnetic flux passing through the loop is calculated by 
integration. But it remains constant.
Ques 3: Write the dimensions of 
Sol:  =  [Potential or EMF]
= [ML2A-1T-3]
Introductory Exercise 24.2
Ques 1: A triangular loop is placed in a dot  magnetic field as 
shown in figure. Find the direction of induced current in the loop if 
magnetic field is increasing.
Sol:  is increasing. Hence  is produced by the induced current. So, it is 
clockwise.
Ques 2: A rectangular loop is placed near a current carrying straight 
wire as shown in figure. If the loop is rotated about an axis passing 
through one of its sides, find the direction of induced current in the 
loop.
Sol: Magnetic lines around the straight wire are circular. So, same magnetic 
lines will pass through loop under all conditions.
?F = 0 ?    emf = 0 ? i = 0
Ques 3: Two circular loops lie side by side in the same plane. One is 
connected to a source that supplies an increasing current, the other 
is a simple closed ring. Is the induced current in the ring is in the 
same direction as that in the loop connected to the source or 
opposite? What if the current in the first loop is decreasing?
Sol: By increasing the current in loop-1 magnetic field in ring-2 in downward 
direct ion will increase. Hence induced current in ring-2 should produce 
upward magnetic field. Or current in ring should be in the same direction.
Introductory Exercise 24.3
Ques 1: A loop of wire enclosing an area S is placed in a region where 
the magnetic field is perpendicular to the plane. The magnetic 
field  varies wit h time according to the expression B = B0e-
at where a is so me constant. That is, at t = 0. The field is B0 and for t 
> 0, the field decreases exponentially. Find the induced emf in the 
loop as a function of time.
Sol: 
Ques 2: As the bar shown in figure moves in a direct ion 
perpendicular to the field, is an external force required to keep it 
moving with constant speed.
Sol: Circuit is not closed. So, current is zero or magnetic force is zero.
Ques 3: A coil formed by wrapping 50 turns of wire in the shape of a 
square is positioned in a magnetic field so that the normal to the 
plane of the coil makes an angle of 30°, with the direction of the field. 
When the magnetic field is increased uniformly from 200 µT to 600 µT 
in 0.4 s, an emf of magnitude 80.0 mV is induced in the coil. What is 
the total length of the wire?
Sol: 
Side of square = 1.36 m Total length of wire = 50 (4 × 1.36) = 272 m
Ques 4: The long straight wire in figure (a) carries a constant current 
i. A metal bar of length l is moving at constant velocity v as shown in 
figure. Point a is a distance d from the wire.
 
(a) Calculate the emf induced in the bar.
(b) Which point a or b is at higher potential?
(c) If the bar is replaced by a rectangular wire loop of resistance R, 
what is the magnitude of current induced in the loop?
Sol: (a) At a distance x from the wire magnet ic field over the wire ab is
(b) Magnetic field due to current i over the wire ab is inwards. Velocity of wire 
ab is towards right. Applying right hand rule we can see that a point is at 
higher potential.
(c) Net change in flux through the loop abcd is zero.
Hence induced emf is zero. So, induced current is zero.
Introductory Exercise 24.4 
Q 1.  The current through an inductor of 1H is given by, i = 3t sin t. Find the voltage across the inductor. 
Solutions 
1.   
  Here L = 1H and 
di
dt
= 3 [sin t + t cos t]  
  |e| = 3(t cos t+ sin t) 
Introductory Exercise 24.5 
Q 1.  (a) Calculate the self inductance of a solenoid that is tightly wound with wire of diameter 0.10 cm, 
has a cross-sectional area 0.90 cm
2
 and is 40 cm long. 
(b) If the current through the solenoid decreases uniformly from 10 A to 0A in 0.10s, what is the 
emf induced between the ends of the solenoid? 
Q 2.  An inductor is connected to a battery through a switch. The emf induced in the inductor is much 
larger when the switch is opened as compared to the emf induced when the switch is closed. Is this 
statement true or false? 
Solutions 
1.  (a) 
      
     
   = 4.5 × 10
-5 
H 
  (b)   
    
   = 4.5 × 10
-3 
V 
2.  When switch is opened current suddenly decreasing from steady state value to zero. When switch 
is closed it takes time to increase from 0 to steady state value. 
    
  ?t in second case in large. Hence induced emf is less. 
Introductory Exercise 24.6 
Q 1.  Two single turn circular loops of wire have radii R and r (R>>r). The loops lie in the same plane 
and are concentric. Show that the mutual inductance of the pair is 
2
0
r
2R
??
. 
Solutions 
1.  Magnetic field due to large loop, 
    
  Area of smaller loop 
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FAQs on DC Pandey Solutions: Electromagnetic Induction - Physics Class 12 - NEET

1. What is electromagnetic induction and how does it work?
Ans. Electromagnetic induction is the process of generating an electromotive force (emf) or voltage across a conductor when it is exposed to a changing magnetic field. This phenomenon was first discovered by Michael Faraday in 1831. According to Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction, the emf induced in a circuit is directly proportional to the rate of change of magnetic flux through the circuit. This can be achieved by either moving a magnet near a conductor or by changing the magnetic field passing through the conductor.
2. How can electromagnetic induction be used to generate electricity?
Ans. Electromagnetic induction is the principle behind the functioning of electric generators. In a simple generator, a coil of wire is rotated within a magnetic field. As the coil cuts through the magnetic field lines, a changing magnetic flux is created, which induces an emf in the coil. This induced emf causes the flow of electrons, creating an electric current. By connecting the ends of the coil to a circuit, the induced current can be used to power electrical devices.
3. What are the applications of electromagnetic induction?
Ans. Electromagnetic induction has numerous applications in various fields. Some of the key applications are: - Power generation: As mentioned earlier, electromagnetic induction is used in electric generators to produce electricity. - Transformers: Transformers use electromagnetic induction to transfer electrical energy between two or more circuits. They are commonly used in power distribution and voltage regulation. - Induction cooktops: Induction cooktops use electromagnetic induction to heat up cooking vessels directly, without the need for a flame or a heating element. - Wireless charging: Wireless charging technology, such as inductive charging, utilizes electromagnetic induction to transfer power between two objects without the need for physical contact. - Magnetic levitation: Electromagnetic induction is employed in magnetic levitation systems, such as maglev trains, where magnetic fields are used to suspend and propel the train above the tracks.
4. What is Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction?
Ans. Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction states that the emf induced in a circuit is proportional to the rate of change of magnetic flux through the circuit. Mathematically, it can be expressed as: emf = -N * dΦ/dt where emf is the induced electromotive force, N is the number of turns in the coil, and dΦ/dt is the rate of change of magnetic flux through the coil. The negative sign in the equation indicates the direction of the induced current, as determined by Lenz's law.
5. What is Lenz's law and how does it relate to electromagnetic induction?
Ans. Lenz's law is a fundamental law of electromagnetism that describes the direction of the induced current in a circuit due to electromagnetic induction. It states that the direction of the induced current is such that it opposes the change in magnetic flux that produced it. In other words, Lenz's law ensures that the induced current always creates a magnetic field that opposes the change in the magnetic field that caused it. This law is based on the principle of conservation of energy and is a consequence of Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction.
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