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FAQs on Quick Revision: Organic Chemistry - Some basic Principles & Techniques - Chemistry Class 11 - NEET

1. What are some basic principles of organic chemistry?
Ans. Some basic principles of organic chemistry include the study of carbon compounds, the concept of functional groups, understanding the structure and reactivity of organic molecules, and the application of organic chemistry in various fields such as pharmaceuticals, biochemistry, and materials science.
2. What are some techniques used in organic chemistry?
Ans. Organic chemistry utilizes various techniques such as chromatography, distillation, extraction, spectroscopy (including UV-Vis, IR, and NMR), and mass spectrometry. These techniques are employed for the purification, separation, identification, and characterization of organic compounds.
3. What is the importance of understanding organic chemistry principles?
Ans. Understanding organic chemistry principles is crucial as it forms the foundation for understanding the behavior and reactions of organic compounds. It helps in designing new molecules, predicting their properties, and developing strategies for synthesis. Additionally, organic chemistry principles are essential in fields like medicine, agriculture, and environmental science.
4. How does organic chemistry contribute to the development of new drugs?
Ans. Organic chemistry plays a vital role in drug discovery and development. Organic chemists synthesize and modify organic compounds to create potential drug candidates. They optimize the structure and properties of these compounds to enhance their effectiveness, reduce toxicity, and improve their pharmacokinetics. Organic chemistry also aids in understanding drug-receptor interactions and mechanism of action.
5. What are the common challenges faced in organic chemistry experiments?
Ans. Some common challenges in organic chemistry experiments include low yields, side reactions, purification difficulties, and stereochemistry control. Organic synthesis often requires careful optimization of reaction conditions, choice of suitable reagents, and purification methods. It also demands a deep understanding of reaction mechanisms to overcome the challenges and obtain desired products efficiently.
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