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A team game means organised physical activity with players 
working together towards a shared objective. In team games 
a group of individuals in the same team, work together to 
achieve the objective of being the winners of the game. Team 
members set points and scores, make decisions, communicate 
among themselves, manage conflicting situations, and solve 
problems in a supportive, trusting atmosphere in order to 
achieve their objectives. Team games include games, such 
as, Basketball, Cricket, Football, Handball, Hockey, Kabaddi, 
Kho-Kho and Volleyball, etc. In this chapter, we shall discuss 
Basketball, Cricket, Football, Hockey and Volleyball. 
Basket Ball Fig. 6.1: Children playing basketball
Basketball is a fast, free-flowing, high-scoring team game. 
The players shoot a ball through a basket to score points 
while following a set of rules. Usually, two teams consist of 
Team Games 
and s por Ts I
Chap-6.indd   77 8/24/2020   11:39:22 AM
Page 2


A team game means organised physical activity with players 
working together towards a shared objective. In team games 
a group of individuals in the same team, work together to 
achieve the objective of being the winners of the game. Team 
members set points and scores, make decisions, communicate 
among themselves, manage conflicting situations, and solve 
problems in a supportive, trusting atmosphere in order to 
achieve their objectives. Team games include games, such 
as, Basketball, Cricket, Football, Handball, Hockey, Kabaddi, 
Kho-Kho and Volleyball, etc. In this chapter, we shall discuss 
Basketball, Cricket, Football, Hockey and Volleyball. 
Basket Ball Fig. 6.1: Children playing basketball
Basketball is a fast, free-flowing, high-scoring team game. 
The players shoot a ball through a basket to score points 
while following a set of rules. Usually, two teams consist of 
Team Games 
and s por Ts I
Chap-6.indd   77 8/24/2020   11:39:22 AM
Healt H and PHysical e ducation - c lass X
five players on each team. They play on a marked rectangular 
court with a basket fixed on each end. Basketball is one of 
the world’s most popular games.
The rules allow all players to move freely around the 
court and occupy any position. All players have an equal 
opportunity to score a Basket. To play basketball, students 
should learn and practice the basic skills of dribbling, 
passing, receiving and shooting.
History
The game of basketball originated at the Springfield 
College of Physical Education, Massachusetts, USA in 
1891, invented by Dr. James Naismith. In 1894, Naismith 
fixed the first 13 rules which still form the basis of 
modern basketball. In India, the Young Men’s Christian 
Association (YMCA) at Kolkata introduced basketball for 
the first time. Later the YMCA established at Madras 
in 1920 played an important role in the development of 
this game. Today basketball is one of the most favourite 
games in many schools and colleges. The game is played 
by both men and women of all ages and ability. In order 
to promote Basketball at National and International levels 
the Basketball Federation of India was set up in 1950. The 
first National Basketball tournament was held in Delhi in 
1934 and thereafter it was organised every two years until 
1951. After that it started being organised annually. 
Basketball court measurements
Fig. 6.2: Basketball court, a basket and a basketball
28m
15m
1.575m
0.90m Sideline
Throw-in line
8.325m
Three Point Line
0.15m
6.75m
No-charge
Semi-Circle
3.6m
Centre
Circle
Endline
Centre line
Restricted
Area
Endline
Sideline
Basketball is played on a rectangular court, which should 
be an indoor wooden court or an outdoor concrete court 
having two side lines and two end lines. The dimensions 
of basketball court is 28 x15 meters. The court is divided 
18 inch
wide Diameter
Chap-6.indd   78 8/24/2020   11:39:23 AM
Page 3


A team game means organised physical activity with players 
working together towards a shared objective. In team games 
a group of individuals in the same team, work together to 
achieve the objective of being the winners of the game. Team 
members set points and scores, make decisions, communicate 
among themselves, manage conflicting situations, and solve 
problems in a supportive, trusting atmosphere in order to 
achieve their objectives. Team games include games, such 
as, Basketball, Cricket, Football, Handball, Hockey, Kabaddi, 
Kho-Kho and Volleyball, etc. In this chapter, we shall discuss 
Basketball, Cricket, Football, Hockey and Volleyball. 
Basket Ball Fig. 6.1: Children playing basketball
Basketball is a fast, free-flowing, high-scoring team game. 
The players shoot a ball through a basket to score points 
while following a set of rules. Usually, two teams consist of 
Team Games 
and s por Ts I
Chap-6.indd   77 8/24/2020   11:39:22 AM
Healt H and PHysical e ducation - c lass X
five players on each team. They play on a marked rectangular 
court with a basket fixed on each end. Basketball is one of 
the world’s most popular games.
The rules allow all players to move freely around the 
court and occupy any position. All players have an equal 
opportunity to score a Basket. To play basketball, students 
should learn and practice the basic skills of dribbling, 
passing, receiving and shooting.
History
The game of basketball originated at the Springfield 
College of Physical Education, Massachusetts, USA in 
1891, invented by Dr. James Naismith. In 1894, Naismith 
fixed the first 13 rules which still form the basis of 
modern basketball. In India, the Young Men’s Christian 
Association (YMCA) at Kolkata introduced basketball for 
the first time. Later the YMCA established at Madras 
in 1920 played an important role in the development of 
this game. Today basketball is one of the most favourite 
games in many schools and colleges. The game is played 
by both men and women of all ages and ability. In order 
to promote Basketball at National and International levels 
the Basketball Federation of India was set up in 1950. The 
first National Basketball tournament was held in Delhi in 
1934 and thereafter it was organised every two years until 
1951. After that it started being organised annually. 
Basketball court measurements
Fig. 6.2: Basketball court, a basket and a basketball
28m
15m
1.575m
0.90m Sideline
Throw-in line
8.325m
Three Point Line
0.15m
6.75m
No-charge
Semi-Circle
3.6m
Centre
Circle
Endline
Centre line
Restricted
Area
Endline
Sideline
Basketball is played on a rectangular court, which should 
be an indoor wooden court or an outdoor concrete court 
having two side lines and two end lines. The dimensions 
of basketball court is 28 x15 meters. The court is divided 
18 inch
wide Diameter
Chap-6.indd   78 8/24/2020   11:39:23 AM
Team Games and s por Ts I
into two sections, called half-courts, by the mid-court line, 
which is where the game starts with a jump ball. A jump 
ball is when a referee throws the ball up at center circle to 
determine which team gets possession. Two players from 
opposing teams jump up to tap the ball out of the circle in 
order to gain control over the ball take the game forward. The 
basketball posts are located at the opposite ends of the court.
Rules
Duration of a Match (Total 4 Quarters)
Play Rest Play Half time Play Rest Play
10 min 2 min 10 min 15 min 10 min 2 min 10 min
 • The duration of the game of each quarter is ten 
minutes with 2 minutes rest between 1st and 2nd 
quarter and 3rd and 4th quarter, also 15 minutes 
rest between 2nd and 3rd quarter. Extra time period 
is of about 5 minutes. Teams exchange the side after 
half time. The clock is stopped while the play is not 
active. Therefore, it takes longer time to complete the 
game than the allotted time.
 • A team must consist of twelve (12) members. But 
only five players from each team may be on the court 
at one time. Substitutions are unlimited but can only 
be done when the play is stopped. 
 • The team with the ball, attempting to score in 
their basket is ‘on offense’, the team that prevents 
opposite team from scoring is ‘on defence’. The ball is 
moved in two ways: either dribbling or by passing to 
teammates. If the ball goes out of the court, the ball 
possession is given to the opposite team. 
 • For both men’s and women’s teams, a standard 
uniform consists of a pair of shorts and a jersey 
with a clearly visible bib number, printed on both 
the front and back. Players should wear appropriate 
shoes that provide extra ankle support. 
 • The game is controlled by the officials consisting 
of the three (3) referees, out of which one (1) is the 
overall incharge and the other four (4) table officials 
are responsible for keeping other records of each 
teams scoring, timekeeping, individual and team 
fouls, player substitutions, alternating possession 
arrow, and stop–and-go-clock, etc.
 • The essential equipment in basketball game is the 
ball, clocks, score sheets, scoreboard(s), alternating 
possession arrows and other required equipments.
 • An attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent 
through physical contact is illegal and called a foul. 
Chap-6.indd   79 8/24/2020   11:39:23 AM
Page 4


A team game means organised physical activity with players 
working together towards a shared objective. In team games 
a group of individuals in the same team, work together to 
achieve the objective of being the winners of the game. Team 
members set points and scores, make decisions, communicate 
among themselves, manage conflicting situations, and solve 
problems in a supportive, trusting atmosphere in order to 
achieve their objectives. Team games include games, such 
as, Basketball, Cricket, Football, Handball, Hockey, Kabaddi, 
Kho-Kho and Volleyball, etc. In this chapter, we shall discuss 
Basketball, Cricket, Football, Hockey and Volleyball. 
Basket Ball Fig. 6.1: Children playing basketball
Basketball is a fast, free-flowing, high-scoring team game. 
The players shoot a ball through a basket to score points 
while following a set of rules. Usually, two teams consist of 
Team Games 
and s por Ts I
Chap-6.indd   77 8/24/2020   11:39:22 AM
Healt H and PHysical e ducation - c lass X
five players on each team. They play on a marked rectangular 
court with a basket fixed on each end. Basketball is one of 
the world’s most popular games.
The rules allow all players to move freely around the 
court and occupy any position. All players have an equal 
opportunity to score a Basket. To play basketball, students 
should learn and practice the basic skills of dribbling, 
passing, receiving and shooting.
History
The game of basketball originated at the Springfield 
College of Physical Education, Massachusetts, USA in 
1891, invented by Dr. James Naismith. In 1894, Naismith 
fixed the first 13 rules which still form the basis of 
modern basketball. In India, the Young Men’s Christian 
Association (YMCA) at Kolkata introduced basketball for 
the first time. Later the YMCA established at Madras 
in 1920 played an important role in the development of 
this game. Today basketball is one of the most favourite 
games in many schools and colleges. The game is played 
by both men and women of all ages and ability. In order 
to promote Basketball at National and International levels 
the Basketball Federation of India was set up in 1950. The 
first National Basketball tournament was held in Delhi in 
1934 and thereafter it was organised every two years until 
1951. After that it started being organised annually. 
Basketball court measurements
Fig. 6.2: Basketball court, a basket and a basketball
28m
15m
1.575m
0.90m Sideline
Throw-in line
8.325m
Three Point Line
0.15m
6.75m
No-charge
Semi-Circle
3.6m
Centre
Circle
Endline
Centre line
Restricted
Area
Endline
Sideline
Basketball is played on a rectangular court, which should 
be an indoor wooden court or an outdoor concrete court 
having two side lines and two end lines. The dimensions 
of basketball court is 28 x15 meters. The court is divided 
18 inch
wide Diameter
Chap-6.indd   78 8/24/2020   11:39:23 AM
Team Games and s por Ts I
into two sections, called half-courts, by the mid-court line, 
which is where the game starts with a jump ball. A jump 
ball is when a referee throws the ball up at center circle to 
determine which team gets possession. Two players from 
opposing teams jump up to tap the ball out of the circle in 
order to gain control over the ball take the game forward. The 
basketball posts are located at the opposite ends of the court.
Rules
Duration of a Match (Total 4 Quarters)
Play Rest Play Half time Play Rest Play
10 min 2 min 10 min 15 min 10 min 2 min 10 min
 • The duration of the game of each quarter is ten 
minutes with 2 minutes rest between 1st and 2nd 
quarter and 3rd and 4th quarter, also 15 minutes 
rest between 2nd and 3rd quarter. Extra time period 
is of about 5 minutes. Teams exchange the side after 
half time. The clock is stopped while the play is not 
active. Therefore, it takes longer time to complete the 
game than the allotted time.
 • A team must consist of twelve (12) members. But 
only five players from each team may be on the court 
at one time. Substitutions are unlimited but can only 
be done when the play is stopped. 
 • The team with the ball, attempting to score in 
their basket is ‘on offense’, the team that prevents 
opposite team from scoring is ‘on defence’. The ball is 
moved in two ways: either dribbling or by passing to 
teammates. If the ball goes out of the court, the ball 
possession is given to the opposite team. 
 • For both men’s and women’s teams, a standard 
uniform consists of a pair of shorts and a jersey 
with a clearly visible bib number, printed on both 
the front and back. Players should wear appropriate 
shoes that provide extra ankle support. 
 • The game is controlled by the officials consisting 
of the three (3) referees, out of which one (1) is the 
overall incharge and the other four (4) table officials 
are responsible for keeping other records of each 
teams scoring, timekeeping, individual and team 
fouls, player substitutions, alternating possession 
arrow, and stop–and-go-clock, etc.
 • The essential equipment in basketball game is the 
ball, clocks, score sheets, scoreboard(s), alternating 
possession arrows and other required equipments.
 • An attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent 
through physical contact is illegal and called a foul. 
Chap-6.indd   79 8/24/2020   11:39:23 AM
Healt H and PHysical e ducation - c lass X
Players who are fouled either get ball possession or 
are awarded one or two free throws and one point 
is awarded for successfully converting a free throw, 
which is attempted from a line 15 feet (4.6 m) from 
the basket. Each player is allowed 5 personal fouls 
before they are disqualified from the game. At this 
point they no longer remain a part of the game.
 • Two points are awarded when a basket is scored 
during the game but three points are awarded when 
a basket is scored from outside the 6.25 mtrs line. 
Fundamental skills
We are well aware that, to play any game one has to learn 
some skills. Similarly to play basketball game a player 
should learn the following fundamental skills. 
Dribbling
It is important to penetrate to score a basket, move the 
ball across the court, get away from the defenders, and 
find a good passing lane. There are different types of 
dribbling — 
 • basic dribble
 • low dribbling
 • high dribble
 • behind the back
 • crossover dribble 
 • change-of-pace
 • between the legs dribble
Passing
A good offensive attack requires accurate passing from 
players. It helps find an open man, to find a good shooter 
or to get away from a defender. There are several types of 
passes used in basketball, either one hand or both hand 
pass —
 • Overhead 
 • Chest 
 • Push 
 • Baseball 
 • Off-the-dribble 
 • Bounce 
 • Shoulder 
 • Hook 
Fig. 6.3: Dribbling
Chap-6.indd   80 8/24/2020   11:39:24 AM
Page 5


A team game means organised physical activity with players 
working together towards a shared objective. In team games 
a group of individuals in the same team, work together to 
achieve the objective of being the winners of the game. Team 
members set points and scores, make decisions, communicate 
among themselves, manage conflicting situations, and solve 
problems in a supportive, trusting atmosphere in order to 
achieve their objectives. Team games include games, such 
as, Basketball, Cricket, Football, Handball, Hockey, Kabaddi, 
Kho-Kho and Volleyball, etc. In this chapter, we shall discuss 
Basketball, Cricket, Football, Hockey and Volleyball. 
Basket Ball Fig. 6.1: Children playing basketball
Basketball is a fast, free-flowing, high-scoring team game. 
The players shoot a ball through a basket to score points 
while following a set of rules. Usually, two teams consist of 
Team Games 
and s por Ts I
Chap-6.indd   77 8/24/2020   11:39:22 AM
Healt H and PHysical e ducation - c lass X
five players on each team. They play on a marked rectangular 
court with a basket fixed on each end. Basketball is one of 
the world’s most popular games.
The rules allow all players to move freely around the 
court and occupy any position. All players have an equal 
opportunity to score a Basket. To play basketball, students 
should learn and practice the basic skills of dribbling, 
passing, receiving and shooting.
History
The game of basketball originated at the Springfield 
College of Physical Education, Massachusetts, USA in 
1891, invented by Dr. James Naismith. In 1894, Naismith 
fixed the first 13 rules which still form the basis of 
modern basketball. In India, the Young Men’s Christian 
Association (YMCA) at Kolkata introduced basketball for 
the first time. Later the YMCA established at Madras 
in 1920 played an important role in the development of 
this game. Today basketball is one of the most favourite 
games in many schools and colleges. The game is played 
by both men and women of all ages and ability. In order 
to promote Basketball at National and International levels 
the Basketball Federation of India was set up in 1950. The 
first National Basketball tournament was held in Delhi in 
1934 and thereafter it was organised every two years until 
1951. After that it started being organised annually. 
Basketball court measurements
Fig. 6.2: Basketball court, a basket and a basketball
28m
15m
1.575m
0.90m Sideline
Throw-in line
8.325m
Three Point Line
0.15m
6.75m
No-charge
Semi-Circle
3.6m
Centre
Circle
Endline
Centre line
Restricted
Area
Endline
Sideline
Basketball is played on a rectangular court, which should 
be an indoor wooden court or an outdoor concrete court 
having two side lines and two end lines. The dimensions 
of basketball court is 28 x15 meters. The court is divided 
18 inch
wide Diameter
Chap-6.indd   78 8/24/2020   11:39:23 AM
Team Games and s por Ts I
into two sections, called half-courts, by the mid-court line, 
which is where the game starts with a jump ball. A jump 
ball is when a referee throws the ball up at center circle to 
determine which team gets possession. Two players from 
opposing teams jump up to tap the ball out of the circle in 
order to gain control over the ball take the game forward. The 
basketball posts are located at the opposite ends of the court.
Rules
Duration of a Match (Total 4 Quarters)
Play Rest Play Half time Play Rest Play
10 min 2 min 10 min 15 min 10 min 2 min 10 min
 • The duration of the game of each quarter is ten 
minutes with 2 minutes rest between 1st and 2nd 
quarter and 3rd and 4th quarter, also 15 minutes 
rest between 2nd and 3rd quarter. Extra time period 
is of about 5 minutes. Teams exchange the side after 
half time. The clock is stopped while the play is not 
active. Therefore, it takes longer time to complete the 
game than the allotted time.
 • A team must consist of twelve (12) members. But 
only five players from each team may be on the court 
at one time. Substitutions are unlimited but can only 
be done when the play is stopped. 
 • The team with the ball, attempting to score in 
their basket is ‘on offense’, the team that prevents 
opposite team from scoring is ‘on defence’. The ball is 
moved in two ways: either dribbling or by passing to 
teammates. If the ball goes out of the court, the ball 
possession is given to the opposite team. 
 • For both men’s and women’s teams, a standard 
uniform consists of a pair of shorts and a jersey 
with a clearly visible bib number, printed on both 
the front and back. Players should wear appropriate 
shoes that provide extra ankle support. 
 • The game is controlled by the officials consisting 
of the three (3) referees, out of which one (1) is the 
overall incharge and the other four (4) table officials 
are responsible for keeping other records of each 
teams scoring, timekeeping, individual and team 
fouls, player substitutions, alternating possession 
arrow, and stop–and-go-clock, etc.
 • The essential equipment in basketball game is the 
ball, clocks, score sheets, scoreboard(s), alternating 
possession arrows and other required equipments.
 • An attempt to unfairly disadvantage an opponent 
through physical contact is illegal and called a foul. 
Chap-6.indd   79 8/24/2020   11:39:23 AM
Healt H and PHysical e ducation - c lass X
Players who are fouled either get ball possession or 
are awarded one or two free throws and one point 
is awarded for successfully converting a free throw, 
which is attempted from a line 15 feet (4.6 m) from 
the basket. Each player is allowed 5 personal fouls 
before they are disqualified from the game. At this 
point they no longer remain a part of the game.
 • Two points are awarded when a basket is scored 
during the game but three points are awarded when 
a basket is scored from outside the 6.25 mtrs line. 
Fundamental skills
We are well aware that, to play any game one has to learn 
some skills. Similarly to play basketball game a player 
should learn the following fundamental skills. 
Dribbling
It is important to penetrate to score a basket, move the 
ball across the court, get away from the defenders, and 
find a good passing lane. There are different types of 
dribbling — 
 • basic dribble
 • low dribbling
 • high dribble
 • behind the back
 • crossover dribble 
 • change-of-pace
 • between the legs dribble
Passing
A good offensive attack requires accurate passing from 
players. It helps find an open man, to find a good shooter 
or to get away from a defender. There are several types of 
passes used in basketball, either one hand or both hand 
pass —
 • Overhead 
 • Chest 
 • Push 
 • Baseball 
 • Off-the-dribble 
 • Bounce 
 • Shoulder 
 • Hook 
Fig. 6.3: Dribbling
Chap-6.indd   80 8/24/2020   11:39:24 AM
Team Games and s por Ts I
Fig. 6.4: Passing
18 inch
wide Diameter
Shooting
Fig. 6.5: Shooting
The objective of the game is to win by scoring maximum 
points. Therefore, improving the team’s shooting is 
important to win a game. Shooting with either one hand 
or both hands is done in the following ways —
 • Jump shot 
 • Dunk shot
 • Free throw 
 • Layup
 • Three-point shot 
 • Hook shot
Chap-6.indd   81 8/24/2020   11:39:25 AM
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