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m A
i
Tejas: Moz, We want to prepare a 
list of our friends. Which activity 
can we use ?
Moz: Use the Text Editor activity.  
This enables you to write and make 
changes to the text.
Tejas and Jyoti double click on the Text Editor icon with  the mouse. 
Tejas: Like the paint activity, the text editor has options to create a 
new file, open files that are already created and save a file. 
In this lesson you will learn to use:
Caps Lock, Backspace and Delete keys.
The four directional arrow keys, Page Up, Page Down keys. 
Lesson5
Activities using a Keyboard
Cursor
Page 2


m A
i
Tejas: Moz, We want to prepare a 
list of our friends. Which activity 
can we use ?
Moz: Use the Text Editor activity.  
This enables you to write and make 
changes to the text.
Tejas and Jyoti double click on the Text Editor icon with  the mouse. 
Tejas: Like the paint activity, the text editor has options to create a 
new file, open files that are already created and save a file. 
In this lesson you will learn to use:
Caps Lock, Backspace and Delete keys.
The four directional arrow keys, Page Up, Page Down keys. 
Lesson5
Activities using a Keyboard
Cursor
Moz: Yes. As you already know, most of the activities have these 
common options.
 
Tejas: Do we write text in the blank space?
Moz: Yes. Just like you write on a new page in your notebooks.
Jyoti: The shape of the mouse pointer is different in the text editor. 
Moz: Good observation. The mouse pointer in a text editor is also 
called a cursor. It is usually a small blinking vertical line.
Jyoti: Moz, We can write text using the alphabet keys and number 
keys on the keyboard. I want to type my friend?s name. How can I 
write capital letters? 
Moz: First press on the Caps Lock key. Then type the alphabets.
Jyoti: A small light on the keyboard comes on when we press the 
Caps Lock key! 
Tejas: By pressing the Caps Lock key again we can write lower case 
alphabets. The light on the keyboard is now off!
Moz: Good. The light indicates whether the 
Caps Lock key is on or off. 
 
Caps Lock
 
Pressing on the Caps Lock key allows you to type capital letters.
Press the Caps Lock key once again to type lower case letters.
A small green light on the keyboard indicates the status (light 
on – Capital letters, light off – lower case letters).
Caps Lock
SKILLS
Page 3


m A
i
Tejas: Moz, We want to prepare a 
list of our friends. Which activity 
can we use ?
Moz: Use the Text Editor activity.  
This enables you to write and make 
changes to the text.
Tejas and Jyoti double click on the Text Editor icon with  the mouse. 
Tejas: Like the paint activity, the text editor has options to create a 
new file, open files that are already created and save a file. 
In this lesson you will learn to use:
Caps Lock, Backspace and Delete keys.
The four directional arrow keys, Page Up, Page Down keys. 
Lesson5
Activities using a Keyboard
Cursor
Moz: Yes. As you already know, most of the activities have these 
common options.
 
Tejas: Do we write text in the blank space?
Moz: Yes. Just like you write on a new page in your notebooks.
Jyoti: The shape of the mouse pointer is different in the text editor. 
Moz: Good observation. The mouse pointer in a text editor is also 
called a cursor. It is usually a small blinking vertical line.
Jyoti: Moz, We can write text using the alphabet keys and number 
keys on the keyboard. I want to type my friend?s name. How can I 
write capital letters? 
Moz: First press on the Caps Lock key. Then type the alphabets.
Jyoti: A small light on the keyboard comes on when we press the 
Caps Lock key! 
Tejas: By pressing the Caps Lock key again we can write lower case 
alphabets. The light on the keyboard is now off!
Moz: Good. The light indicates whether the 
Caps Lock key is on or off. 
 
Caps Lock
 
Pressing on the Caps Lock key allows you to type capital letters.
Press the Caps Lock key once again to type lower case letters.
A small green light on the keyboard indicates the status (light 
on – Capital letters, light off – lower case letters).
Caps Lock
SKILLS
Tejas and Jyoti write the names of their friends one below the other. 
Moz: Good, you have used the Enter key to go to the next line.
Jyoti typed Sweetha instead of Swetha and wants to delete the 
extra 'e' in the name.
Jyoti: Moz, I want to move the cursor back. 
How do I do this?
Jyoti: I used the left arrow key to take the cursor to the letter 'e' 
that I want to erase. How do I erase the letter?
Moz: Use the Backspace key.
Moz: You can use the arrow keys on the 
keyboard to move the cursor within the 
text.
Arrow keys
 
There are four arrow keys on a keyboard. These keys allow you to 
move the cursor up, down, left and right.
    Up and down arrow keys move the cursor up or down, one
    line at a time.
    Left and Right arrow keys move the cursor left or right, 
    one letter at a time.
SKILLS
Jyoti: Backspace key is erasing the letter before the cursor. How do 
I erase a letter which is after the cursor?
Moz: Oh! Use the Delete key. Making changes to the text that you 
have written is called editing the text.
SKILLS
Backspace Key
This key erases the letter or number before the cursor. It is 
marked Backspace. It is usually the last key on the row of numbers.
Backspace
SKILLS
Delete Key
This key erases the letter or number after the cursor.
Delete
Page 4


m A
i
Tejas: Moz, We want to prepare a 
list of our friends. Which activity 
can we use ?
Moz: Use the Text Editor activity.  
This enables you to write and make 
changes to the text.
Tejas and Jyoti double click on the Text Editor icon with  the mouse. 
Tejas: Like the paint activity, the text editor has options to create a 
new file, open files that are already created and save a file. 
In this lesson you will learn to use:
Caps Lock, Backspace and Delete keys.
The four directional arrow keys, Page Up, Page Down keys. 
Lesson5
Activities using a Keyboard
Cursor
Moz: Yes. As you already know, most of the activities have these 
common options.
 
Tejas: Do we write text in the blank space?
Moz: Yes. Just like you write on a new page in your notebooks.
Jyoti: The shape of the mouse pointer is different in the text editor. 
Moz: Good observation. The mouse pointer in a text editor is also 
called a cursor. It is usually a small blinking vertical line.
Jyoti: Moz, We can write text using the alphabet keys and number 
keys on the keyboard. I want to type my friend?s name. How can I 
write capital letters? 
Moz: First press on the Caps Lock key. Then type the alphabets.
Jyoti: A small light on the keyboard comes on when we press the 
Caps Lock key! 
Tejas: By pressing the Caps Lock key again we can write lower case 
alphabets. The light on the keyboard is now off!
Moz: Good. The light indicates whether the 
Caps Lock key is on or off. 
 
Caps Lock
 
Pressing on the Caps Lock key allows you to type capital letters.
Press the Caps Lock key once again to type lower case letters.
A small green light on the keyboard indicates the status (light 
on – Capital letters, light off – lower case letters).
Caps Lock
SKILLS
Tejas and Jyoti write the names of their friends one below the other. 
Moz: Good, you have used the Enter key to go to the next line.
Jyoti typed Sweetha instead of Swetha and wants to delete the 
extra 'e' in the name.
Jyoti: Moz, I want to move the cursor back. 
How do I do this?
Jyoti: I used the left arrow key to take the cursor to the letter 'e' 
that I want to erase. How do I erase the letter?
Moz: Use the Backspace key.
Moz: You can use the arrow keys on the 
keyboard to move the cursor within the 
text.
Arrow keys
 
There are four arrow keys on a keyboard. These keys allow you to 
move the cursor up, down, left and right.
    Up and down arrow keys move the cursor up or down, one
    line at a time.
    Left and Right arrow keys move the cursor left or right, 
    one letter at a time.
SKILLS
Jyoti: Backspace key is erasing the letter before the cursor. How do 
I erase a letter which is after the cursor?
Moz: Oh! Use the Delete key. Making changes to the text that you 
have written is called editing the text.
SKILLS
Backspace Key
This key erases the letter or number before the cursor. It is 
marked Backspace. It is usually the last key on the row of numbers.
Backspace
SKILLS
Delete Key
This key erases the letter or number after the cursor.
Delete
Tejas finishes entering all the names and wants to give a title to the 
list. So he uses the Up arrow key to move the cursor to the top of 
the page.
 
Moz: Instead of using the Up arrow key several times, Use Page Up. 
This will move the cursor up one page at a time. Use Page Down to 
move the cursor down, page by page.
SKILLS
Page Up/ Page Down
These two keys are used to move the cursor up or down, one page
at a time.
Page
Down
Page
Up
The arrow keys and the Page Up and Page Down keys are called the 
navigation keys. They help us move around in a file.
Making changes to the text that you have written is called 
editing the text.
CONCEPTS
Page 5


m A
i
Tejas: Moz, We want to prepare a 
list of our friends. Which activity 
can we use ?
Moz: Use the Text Editor activity.  
This enables you to write and make 
changes to the text.
Tejas and Jyoti double click on the Text Editor icon with  the mouse. 
Tejas: Like the paint activity, the text editor has options to create a 
new file, open files that are already created and save a file. 
In this lesson you will learn to use:
Caps Lock, Backspace and Delete keys.
The four directional arrow keys, Page Up, Page Down keys. 
Lesson5
Activities using a Keyboard
Cursor
Moz: Yes. As you already know, most of the activities have these 
common options.
 
Tejas: Do we write text in the blank space?
Moz: Yes. Just like you write on a new page in your notebooks.
Jyoti: The shape of the mouse pointer is different in the text editor. 
Moz: Good observation. The mouse pointer in a text editor is also 
called a cursor. It is usually a small blinking vertical line.
Jyoti: Moz, We can write text using the alphabet keys and number 
keys on the keyboard. I want to type my friend?s name. How can I 
write capital letters? 
Moz: First press on the Caps Lock key. Then type the alphabets.
Jyoti: A small light on the keyboard comes on when we press the 
Caps Lock key! 
Tejas: By pressing the Caps Lock key again we can write lower case 
alphabets. The light on the keyboard is now off!
Moz: Good. The light indicates whether the 
Caps Lock key is on or off. 
 
Caps Lock
 
Pressing on the Caps Lock key allows you to type capital letters.
Press the Caps Lock key once again to type lower case letters.
A small green light on the keyboard indicates the status (light 
on – Capital letters, light off – lower case letters).
Caps Lock
SKILLS
Tejas and Jyoti write the names of their friends one below the other. 
Moz: Good, you have used the Enter key to go to the next line.
Jyoti typed Sweetha instead of Swetha and wants to delete the 
extra 'e' in the name.
Jyoti: Moz, I want to move the cursor back. 
How do I do this?
Jyoti: I used the left arrow key to take the cursor to the letter 'e' 
that I want to erase. How do I erase the letter?
Moz: Use the Backspace key.
Moz: You can use the arrow keys on the 
keyboard to move the cursor within the 
text.
Arrow keys
 
There are four arrow keys on a keyboard. These keys allow you to 
move the cursor up, down, left and right.
    Up and down arrow keys move the cursor up or down, one
    line at a time.
    Left and Right arrow keys move the cursor left or right, 
    one letter at a time.
SKILLS
Jyoti: Backspace key is erasing the letter before the cursor. How do 
I erase a letter which is after the cursor?
Moz: Oh! Use the Delete key. Making changes to the text that you 
have written is called editing the text.
SKILLS
Backspace Key
This key erases the letter or number before the cursor. It is 
marked Backspace. It is usually the last key on the row of numbers.
Backspace
SKILLS
Delete Key
This key erases the letter or number after the cursor.
Delete
Tejas finishes entering all the names and wants to give a title to the 
list. So he uses the Up arrow key to move the cursor to the top of 
the page.
 
Moz: Instead of using the Up arrow key several times, Use Page Up. 
This will move the cursor up one page at a time. Use Page Down to 
move the cursor down, page by page.
SKILLS
Page Up/ Page Down
These two keys are used to move the cursor up or down, one page
at a time.
Page
Down
Page
Up
The arrow keys and the Page Up and Page Down keys are called the 
navigation keys. They help us move around in a file.
Making changes to the text that you have written is called 
editing the text.
CONCEPTS
Moz ( Looking at the list): Have you saved the list in a 
file? 
Tejas: I clicked on the Save button. The dialog box is 
asking me to enter a name for the file.
After you have studied this lesson, you will be 
able to:
State the functions of special keys.
Use backspace and delete key to make changes 
in the text.
Use arrow and other navigation keys to move 
the cursor in different directions.
Learning Outcome
Moz: Give a suitable name so that you can easily find your file later. 
Tejas names the file t-friends and Jyoti names her file j-friends.
Jyoti: Can we draw some pictures using the paint activity?
Moz: Ok. I am going out of town for a few weeks. I have prepared a 
list of activities for you. Start the activities tomorrow. 
Chin Chinaki...
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