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Flashcards for JEE Chemistry - Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles & Techniques Class 11

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Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles & Techniques
Flash cards
Page 2


Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles & Techniques
Flash cards
Inductive effect (Continued)
(1) Due to electrometric effect :
+ I effect ?? increase e
–
density
- I effect ?? increase e
–
density
Page 3


Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles & Techniques
Flash cards
Inductive effect (Continued)
(1) Due to electrometric effect :
+ I effect ?? increase e
–
density
- I effect ?? increase e
–
density
Inductive effect (Continued)
Page 4


Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles & Techniques
Flash cards
Inductive effect (Continued)
(1) Due to electrometric effect :
+ I effect ?? increase e
–
density
- I effect ?? increase e
–
density
Inductive effect (Continued)
Inductive effect (Continued)
(2) Order of –I effect
Page 5


Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles & Techniques
Flash cards
Inductive effect (Continued)
(1) Due to electrometric effect :
+ I effect ?? increase e
–
density
- I effect ?? increase e
–
density
Inductive effect (Continued)
Inductive effect (Continued)
(2) Order of –I effect
Inductive effect
1.4 +I effect increase ?? Basicity
Stability of carbocation
stability of free radical
1.5 +I effect decrease ?? Acidic nature
Stability of carbanian
– I effect show opposite effect to +I effect
Read More
195 videos|337 docs|190 tests

FAQs on Flashcards for JEE Chemistry - Organic Chemistry - Some Basic Principles & Techniques Class 11

1. What are some basic principles of organic chemistry?
Ans. Some basic principles of organic chemistry include the concept of carbon as the central element, understanding the structure and bonding in organic compounds, and recognizing the importance of functional groups in determining the reactivity and properties of organic molecules.
2. What are some commonly used techniques in organic chemistry?
Ans. Commonly used techniques in organic chemistry include distillation, extraction, chromatography, and spectroscopy. Distillation is used to separate mixtures based on differences in boiling points, while extraction is used to separate compounds based on their solubility in different solvents. Chromatography is a versatile technique used for separation and purification of organic compounds, and spectroscopy techniques such as infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy are used for identifying and analyzing organic compounds.
3. What is the significance of carbon as the central element in organic chemistry?
Ans. Carbon is the central element in organic chemistry because it has the unique ability to form covalent bonds with other carbon atoms, as well as with other elements. This property allows carbon to form long chains and rings, giving rise to the vast diversity of organic compounds. Carbon's ability to form multiple bonds and its flexibility in bonding with different elements also contribute to the complexity and variety of organic molecules.
4. How do functional groups influence the reactivity of organic molecules?
Ans. Functional groups are specific arrangements of atoms within an organic molecule that determine its chemical behavior and reactivity. Different functional groups confer different properties and reactivity to organic compounds. For example, the presence of a hydroxyl group (-OH) makes a compound more polar and increases its reactivity in various chemical reactions. Similarly, the presence of a carbonyl group (>C=O) can make a compound more susceptible to nucleophilic attack. Understanding the role and behavior of functional groups is essential for predicting and controlling the reactions of organic compounds.
5. What is the purpose of spectroscopy techniques in organic chemistry?
Ans. Spectroscopy techniques, such as infrared spectroscopy and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy, are essential tools in organic chemistry for identifying and analyzing organic compounds. Infrared spectroscopy provides information about the functional groups present in a compound and can be used to determine the presence of specific bonds. NMR spectroscopy provides detailed structural information about organic molecules, allowing scientists to determine the connectivity of atoms within a compound, the presence of different functional groups, and even the stereochemistry of the molecule. These techniques are crucial for characterizing and understanding the structure of organic compounds.
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