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In the Kingdom of Fools Class 9 PPT

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 Page 1


 
 
                                                           In  the  Kingdom   of  Fools 
                                                   by 
                                                  A.K. Ramanujan 
 
                                                                               
 
                                                                                                                                               
 
 
 
       
 
 
 
 
 
 
Page 2


 
 
                                                           In  the  Kingdom   of  Fools 
                                                   by 
                                                  A.K. Ramanujan 
 
                                                                               
 
                                                                                                                                               
 
 
 
       
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Introduction 
The story  'In the Kingdom of Fools' by A.K.Ramanujan can be read in two levels- one just as a 
funny entertainer and the other as an allegory ( a story, poem, novel etc which can be interpreted 
to reveal a hidden meaning ) on the follies and foibles of the so- called  'great' kings and 
ministers. Even though the events described in the story take place in the by-gone era when kings 
were ruling the kingdoms, everything in the story seems to have some relevance and significance 
in the present socio-political scenario also where we too have many ministers, leaders and 
bureaucrats who are not much better than the king and minister in the story. When we look at the 
story from that angle, the story is indeed a fantastic allegory which criticises the waywardness 
and power thirst ( the king and the minister in the story even ready to die on the stake to retain 
their power ) of our ministers, poltical leaders and bureaucrats. The story can also be read as a 
story that tells us the fact that we must be very cautious and careful when we come into contact 
with foolish people because foolish people are unpredictable and can be very dangerous. What 
they may think or may not think or may do or may not do, nobody can say for sure. So even if 
we may get some short-term benefit from them  ( everything available with a single duddu in the 
story ), it is better to stay away from them. Only the wise, intelligent and diplomatic people like 
the Guru in the story can deal with them or manage them. 
 
                                                              Synopsis 
The events described in the story took place in a kingdom where the king and minister were 
idiots. Since they wished to rule the kingdom in a different way from other kings, they reversed 
the order of the day. They ordered everyone to be awake at night and do their respective works 
while during the day everyone must sleep. Since it was an order from the king, everyone 
followed this foolish practice.  
           One day a guru and disciple reached the city. Even though it was broad daylight, no one 
could be seen anywhere. But after the sunset when it was growing dark, much to their surprise 
and disbelief, the whole town woke up and went about with their business. When they went to 
buy some groceries, giving them more surprise, they knew that everything cost only a single 
duddu there. But after cooking and having their food, the guru realised that it would not be wise 
and safe to live in a kingdom of such foolish people. Hence he suggested his disciple that they 
must leave that place as soon as possible. But the disciple, a glutton, was unready to do so as all 
food items were cheap there. The guru tried to convince him things, but all in vain. At last the 
guru left the place and the disciple stayed back there. He ate to his fill everyday and grew fat. 
Page 3


 
 
                                                           In  the  Kingdom   of  Fools 
                                                   by 
                                                  A.K. Ramanujan 
 
                                                                               
 
                                                                                                                                               
 
 
 
       
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Introduction 
The story  'In the Kingdom of Fools' by A.K.Ramanujan can be read in two levels- one just as a 
funny entertainer and the other as an allegory ( a story, poem, novel etc which can be interpreted 
to reveal a hidden meaning ) on the follies and foibles of the so- called  'great' kings and 
ministers. Even though the events described in the story take place in the by-gone era when kings 
were ruling the kingdoms, everything in the story seems to have some relevance and significance 
in the present socio-political scenario also where we too have many ministers, leaders and 
bureaucrats who are not much better than the king and minister in the story. When we look at the 
story from that angle, the story is indeed a fantastic allegory which criticises the waywardness 
and power thirst ( the king and the minister in the story even ready to die on the stake to retain 
their power ) of our ministers, poltical leaders and bureaucrats. The story can also be read as a 
story that tells us the fact that we must be very cautious and careful when we come into contact 
with foolish people because foolish people are unpredictable and can be very dangerous. What 
they may think or may not think or may do or may not do, nobody can say for sure. So even if 
we may get some short-term benefit from them  ( everything available with a single duddu in the 
story ), it is better to stay away from them. Only the wise, intelligent and diplomatic people like 
the Guru in the story can deal with them or manage them. 
 
                                                              Synopsis 
The events described in the story took place in a kingdom where the king and minister were 
idiots. Since they wished to rule the kingdom in a different way from other kings, they reversed 
the order of the day. They ordered everyone to be awake at night and do their respective works 
while during the day everyone must sleep. Since it was an order from the king, everyone 
followed this foolish practice.  
           One day a guru and disciple reached the city. Even though it was broad daylight, no one 
could be seen anywhere. But after the sunset when it was growing dark, much to their surprise 
and disbelief, the whole town woke up and went about with their business. When they went to 
buy some groceries, giving them more surprise, they knew that everything cost only a single 
duddu there. But after cooking and having their food, the guru realised that it would not be wise 
and safe to live in a kingdom of such foolish people. Hence he suggested his disciple that they 
must leave that place as soon as possible. But the disciple, a glutton, was unready to do so as all 
food items were cheap there. The guru tried to convince him things, but all in vain. At last the 
guru left the place and the disciple stayed back there. He ate to his fill everyday and grew fat. 
                                           One bright day, a thief broke into a rich merchant's house by making a 
whole on the wall. When he was coming out carrying the loot, the wall collapsed on his head 
killing him on the spot. His brother rushed to the king and complained that the merchant should 
be punished for not building a strong wall. The king summoned the merchant. But the merchant 
explained that he had nothing to do with that accident since the wall had been built during his 
father's time. But he added that he knew the man who built the wall. The king summoned the 
man, the bricklayer, an old man  now.  During his trial he said that a pretty dancing girl was 
going up and down the street all day with her jingling anklets distracting his concentration from 
the work. That resulted in the wall being weak. That dancing girl, an old woman now, was 
brought in. During her trial, she gave the excuse that a lazy goldsmith whom she had given order 
to make some jewellery made her walk like that by delaying her work. When the goldsmith was 
brought for the trial, he explained that he had to delay her work since a rich merchant forced him 
to complete their work first. When the king asked who was that rich merchant who was the root 
cause of all those problems, it turned out that that rich merchant was none other than the first 
accused merchant's father.The king then observed that as the son inherited all his riches, so he 
must inherit the result of all his sins and faults too. Therefore he must be executed was the king's 
ultimate verdict. When the rich merchant  was being taken to be executed, it occurred to the 
minister that the merchant was too thin to be executed properly on the stake. So the king and 
minister decided that on behalf of him a fat man could be executed.  
                     When the servants searched for a fat man, their eyes fell on the disciple, a bulky 
fellow now. Though he pleaded that he was an innocent sanyasi, the servants did not listen to 
him and carried him to the place of execution. When he was face to face with death, he 
remembered guru's words of wisdom that it was unsafe to live there. Anyway he prayed to his 
guru to hear his cry. The guru, who had magical powers, knew everything in a vision and rushed 
to save his disciple. As soon as he arrived, he scolded disciple first and then whisphered him 
something. It was part of a master plan hatched by guru to save his disciple's life. Soon there 
started a row between them about who would die first on the stake. Seeing this the king was 
puzzled. He asked the guru why they were competing to die like that. Then the guru told him 
secretly that the newly made stake was the stake of god of justice and since it was never used, the 
one who would die first on it would be reborn as a king and the second as a minister in that 
kingdom. The king was thrown into a deep thought. He discussed the matter with his minister. 
Since both of them didn't want to lose the power and kingdom in their next birth also, they 
decided that they would go on the stake and get killed. Thus both of them went to the prison 
secretly at night, released the guru and disciple, put themselves into their places and promptly 
got executed.  
                                                  The people were shocked to know the sudden death of  king and 
minister. They discussed the future of the kingdom and all on a sudden thought of the guru and 
disciple. They were actually planning to leave the city secretly. The people approached them and 
requested them to be their new king and minister. After some hesitation the guru agreed to rule 
Page 4


 
 
                                                           In  the  Kingdom   of  Fools 
                                                   by 
                                                  A.K. Ramanujan 
 
                                                                               
 
                                                                                                                                               
 
 
 
       
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Introduction 
The story  'In the Kingdom of Fools' by A.K.Ramanujan can be read in two levels- one just as a 
funny entertainer and the other as an allegory ( a story, poem, novel etc which can be interpreted 
to reveal a hidden meaning ) on the follies and foibles of the so- called  'great' kings and 
ministers. Even though the events described in the story take place in the by-gone era when kings 
were ruling the kingdoms, everything in the story seems to have some relevance and significance 
in the present socio-political scenario also where we too have many ministers, leaders and 
bureaucrats who are not much better than the king and minister in the story. When we look at the 
story from that angle, the story is indeed a fantastic allegory which criticises the waywardness 
and power thirst ( the king and the minister in the story even ready to die on the stake to retain 
their power ) of our ministers, poltical leaders and bureaucrats. The story can also be read as a 
story that tells us the fact that we must be very cautious and careful when we come into contact 
with foolish people because foolish people are unpredictable and can be very dangerous. What 
they may think or may not think or may do or may not do, nobody can say for sure. So even if 
we may get some short-term benefit from them  ( everything available with a single duddu in the 
story ), it is better to stay away from them. Only the wise, intelligent and diplomatic people like 
the Guru in the story can deal with them or manage them. 
 
                                                              Synopsis 
The events described in the story took place in a kingdom where the king and minister were 
idiots. Since they wished to rule the kingdom in a different way from other kings, they reversed 
the order of the day. They ordered everyone to be awake at night and do their respective works 
while during the day everyone must sleep. Since it was an order from the king, everyone 
followed this foolish practice.  
           One day a guru and disciple reached the city. Even though it was broad daylight, no one 
could be seen anywhere. But after the sunset when it was growing dark, much to their surprise 
and disbelief, the whole town woke up and went about with their business. When they went to 
buy some groceries, giving them more surprise, they knew that everything cost only a single 
duddu there. But after cooking and having their food, the guru realised that it would not be wise 
and safe to live in a kingdom of such foolish people. Hence he suggested his disciple that they 
must leave that place as soon as possible. But the disciple, a glutton, was unready to do so as all 
food items were cheap there. The guru tried to convince him things, but all in vain. At last the 
guru left the place and the disciple stayed back there. He ate to his fill everyday and grew fat. 
                                           One bright day, a thief broke into a rich merchant's house by making a 
whole on the wall. When he was coming out carrying the loot, the wall collapsed on his head 
killing him on the spot. His brother rushed to the king and complained that the merchant should 
be punished for not building a strong wall. The king summoned the merchant. But the merchant 
explained that he had nothing to do with that accident since the wall had been built during his 
father's time. But he added that he knew the man who built the wall. The king summoned the 
man, the bricklayer, an old man  now.  During his trial he said that a pretty dancing girl was 
going up and down the street all day with her jingling anklets distracting his concentration from 
the work. That resulted in the wall being weak. That dancing girl, an old woman now, was 
brought in. During her trial, she gave the excuse that a lazy goldsmith whom she had given order 
to make some jewellery made her walk like that by delaying her work. When the goldsmith was 
brought for the trial, he explained that he had to delay her work since a rich merchant forced him 
to complete their work first. When the king asked who was that rich merchant who was the root 
cause of all those problems, it turned out that that rich merchant was none other than the first 
accused merchant's father.The king then observed that as the son inherited all his riches, so he 
must inherit the result of all his sins and faults too. Therefore he must be executed was the king's 
ultimate verdict. When the rich merchant  was being taken to be executed, it occurred to the 
minister that the merchant was too thin to be executed properly on the stake. So the king and 
minister decided that on behalf of him a fat man could be executed.  
                     When the servants searched for a fat man, their eyes fell on the disciple, a bulky 
fellow now. Though he pleaded that he was an innocent sanyasi, the servants did not listen to 
him and carried him to the place of execution. When he was face to face with death, he 
remembered guru's words of wisdom that it was unsafe to live there. Anyway he prayed to his 
guru to hear his cry. The guru, who had magical powers, knew everything in a vision and rushed 
to save his disciple. As soon as he arrived, he scolded disciple first and then whisphered him 
something. It was part of a master plan hatched by guru to save his disciple's life. Soon there 
started a row between them about who would die first on the stake. Seeing this the king was 
puzzled. He asked the guru why they were competing to die like that. Then the guru told him 
secretly that the newly made stake was the stake of god of justice and since it was never used, the 
one who would die first on it would be reborn as a king and the second as a minister in that 
kingdom. The king was thrown into a deep thought. He discussed the matter with his minister. 
Since both of them didn't want to lose the power and kingdom in their next birth also, they 
decided that they would go on the stake and get killed. Thus both of them went to the prison 
secretly at night, released the guru and disciple, put themselves into their places and promptly 
got executed.  
                                                  The people were shocked to know the sudden death of  king and 
minister. They discussed the future of the kingdom and all on a sudden thought of the guru and 
disciple. They were actually planning to leave the city secretly. The people approached them and 
requested them to be their new king and minister. After some hesitation the guru agreed to rule 
the kingdom on the condition that they would change all the foolish old laws. The nght would 
again be night and the day would again be day and nothing could be bought with a duddu. Thus 
eventually the kingdom of fools became like any other place.             
 
Highlights of the first part 
The kingdom of fools 
In the kingdom of fools the king and the minister were idiots. They ordered all things to be 
reversed. They decided to change night into day and day into night. They ordered people to do 
day’s work at night and sleep during the day. Anyone not obeying was to be punished with 
death. So people out of fear did  as they were asked to do. This delighted the king and the 
minister. 
 
A guru and disciple reach the city 
Once a guru aiyd his disciple arrived in the city. They found everyone asleep during the  day. No 
activity was observed. It amazed them. They wandered till evening. Then the people woke up. 
They started doing their nightly businesses. Now the two were hungry. They bought some food 
items. The price of everything was same, a single duddu. This surprised and delighted them. The 
guru realized that it was really a kingdom of fools. 
 
Guru leaves the city but disciple stays back 
The guru decided to leave the city of fools. He asked his disciple also to leave the place. But the 
disciple didn’t want to do so for cheap food. The guru advised the disciple that nothing could be 
predicted of fools. But the disciple didn’t care. He stayed back. Time passed on. The disciple ate 
to his fill. As a result he became very fat. 
 
A thief breaks into a rich merchant’s house 
One day a thief broke into a rich merchant’s house. He was taking out the stolen things. Just then 
the wall of the old house fell on his head. He was killed instantly. The brother of the thief 
complained to the king about his death. He blamed the owner of the house for his brother’s 
death. 
Page 5


 
 
                                                           In  the  Kingdom   of  Fools 
                                                   by 
                                                  A.K. Ramanujan 
 
                                                                               
 
                                                                                                                                               
 
 
 
       
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Introduction 
The story  'In the Kingdom of Fools' by A.K.Ramanujan can be read in two levels- one just as a 
funny entertainer and the other as an allegory ( a story, poem, novel etc which can be interpreted 
to reveal a hidden meaning ) on the follies and foibles of the so- called  'great' kings and 
ministers. Even though the events described in the story take place in the by-gone era when kings 
were ruling the kingdoms, everything in the story seems to have some relevance and significance 
in the present socio-political scenario also where we too have many ministers, leaders and 
bureaucrats who are not much better than the king and minister in the story. When we look at the 
story from that angle, the story is indeed a fantastic allegory which criticises the waywardness 
and power thirst ( the king and the minister in the story even ready to die on the stake to retain 
their power ) of our ministers, poltical leaders and bureaucrats. The story can also be read as a 
story that tells us the fact that we must be very cautious and careful when we come into contact 
with foolish people because foolish people are unpredictable and can be very dangerous. What 
they may think or may not think or may do or may not do, nobody can say for sure. So even if 
we may get some short-term benefit from them  ( everything available with a single duddu in the 
story ), it is better to stay away from them. Only the wise, intelligent and diplomatic people like 
the Guru in the story can deal with them or manage them. 
 
                                                              Synopsis 
The events described in the story took place in a kingdom where the king and minister were 
idiots. Since they wished to rule the kingdom in a different way from other kings, they reversed 
the order of the day. They ordered everyone to be awake at night and do their respective works 
while during the day everyone must sleep. Since it was an order from the king, everyone 
followed this foolish practice.  
           One day a guru and disciple reached the city. Even though it was broad daylight, no one 
could be seen anywhere. But after the sunset when it was growing dark, much to their surprise 
and disbelief, the whole town woke up and went about with their business. When they went to 
buy some groceries, giving them more surprise, they knew that everything cost only a single 
duddu there. But after cooking and having their food, the guru realised that it would not be wise 
and safe to live in a kingdom of such foolish people. Hence he suggested his disciple that they 
must leave that place as soon as possible. But the disciple, a glutton, was unready to do so as all 
food items were cheap there. The guru tried to convince him things, but all in vain. At last the 
guru left the place and the disciple stayed back there. He ate to his fill everyday and grew fat. 
                                           One bright day, a thief broke into a rich merchant's house by making a 
whole on the wall. When he was coming out carrying the loot, the wall collapsed on his head 
killing him on the spot. His brother rushed to the king and complained that the merchant should 
be punished for not building a strong wall. The king summoned the merchant. But the merchant 
explained that he had nothing to do with that accident since the wall had been built during his 
father's time. But he added that he knew the man who built the wall. The king summoned the 
man, the bricklayer, an old man  now.  During his trial he said that a pretty dancing girl was 
going up and down the street all day with her jingling anklets distracting his concentration from 
the work. That resulted in the wall being weak. That dancing girl, an old woman now, was 
brought in. During her trial, she gave the excuse that a lazy goldsmith whom she had given order 
to make some jewellery made her walk like that by delaying her work. When the goldsmith was 
brought for the trial, he explained that he had to delay her work since a rich merchant forced him 
to complete their work first. When the king asked who was that rich merchant who was the root 
cause of all those problems, it turned out that that rich merchant was none other than the first 
accused merchant's father.The king then observed that as the son inherited all his riches, so he 
must inherit the result of all his sins and faults too. Therefore he must be executed was the king's 
ultimate verdict. When the rich merchant  was being taken to be executed, it occurred to the 
minister that the merchant was too thin to be executed properly on the stake. So the king and 
minister decided that on behalf of him a fat man could be executed.  
                     When the servants searched for a fat man, their eyes fell on the disciple, a bulky 
fellow now. Though he pleaded that he was an innocent sanyasi, the servants did not listen to 
him and carried him to the place of execution. When he was face to face with death, he 
remembered guru's words of wisdom that it was unsafe to live there. Anyway he prayed to his 
guru to hear his cry. The guru, who had magical powers, knew everything in a vision and rushed 
to save his disciple. As soon as he arrived, he scolded disciple first and then whisphered him 
something. It was part of a master plan hatched by guru to save his disciple's life. Soon there 
started a row between them about who would die first on the stake. Seeing this the king was 
puzzled. He asked the guru why they were competing to die like that. Then the guru told him 
secretly that the newly made stake was the stake of god of justice and since it was never used, the 
one who would die first on it would be reborn as a king and the second as a minister in that 
kingdom. The king was thrown into a deep thought. He discussed the matter with his minister. 
Since both of them didn't want to lose the power and kingdom in their next birth also, they 
decided that they would go on the stake and get killed. Thus both of them went to the prison 
secretly at night, released the guru and disciple, put themselves into their places and promptly 
got executed.  
                                                  The people were shocked to know the sudden death of  king and 
minister. They discussed the future of the kingdom and all on a sudden thought of the guru and 
disciple. They were actually planning to leave the city secretly. The people approached them and 
requested them to be their new king and minister. After some hesitation the guru agreed to rule 
the kingdom on the condition that they would change all the foolish old laws. The nght would 
again be night and the day would again be day and nothing could be bought with a duddu. Thus 
eventually the kingdom of fools became like any other place.             
 
Highlights of the first part 
The kingdom of fools 
In the kingdom of fools the king and the minister were idiots. They ordered all things to be 
reversed. They decided to change night into day and day into night. They ordered people to do 
day’s work at night and sleep during the day. Anyone not obeying was to be punished with 
death. So people out of fear did  as they were asked to do. This delighted the king and the 
minister. 
 
A guru and disciple reach the city 
Once a guru aiyd his disciple arrived in the city. They found everyone asleep during the  day. No 
activity was observed. It amazed them. They wandered till evening. Then the people woke up. 
They started doing their nightly businesses. Now the two were hungry. They bought some food 
items. The price of everything was same, a single duddu. This surprised and delighted them. The 
guru realized that it was really a kingdom of fools. 
 
Guru leaves the city but disciple stays back 
The guru decided to leave the city of fools. He asked his disciple also to leave the place. But the 
disciple didn’t want to do so for cheap food. The guru advised the disciple that nothing could be 
predicted of fools. But the disciple didn’t care. He stayed back. Time passed on. The disciple ate 
to his fill. As a result he became very fat. 
 
A thief breaks into a rich merchant’s house 
One day a thief broke into a rich merchant’s house. He was taking out the stolen things. Just then 
the wall of the old house fell on his head. He was killed instantly. The brother of the thief 
complained to the king about his death. He blamed the owner of the house for his brother’s 
death. 
 
 
 
The owner is summoned 
The king heard the accused. He accused him of killing the thief. But the owner said that he was 
innocent. He said that the person who built the wall was responsible. He didn’t make the good 
wall. The king decided to summon the bricklayer. 
 
The king summons the bricklayer 
The king asked the bricklayer if he had built the wall. He accused him of killing the thief. Before 
the king could order his death, the bricklayer pleaded innocence. He told the king that he could 
not concentrate while building the wall. A dancing girl moved in the street distracting his 
attention. So she was responsible for it. 
 
The dancing girl is summoned 
The king charged the dancing girl of killing the thief. The dancing girl said that the goldsmith 
was responsible for it. She had given some gold to him. He had to make some jewellery for her. 
He was lazy. He did not make the jewellery in time. So she had to walk up and down the street. 
So it was the goldsmith’s fault. 
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