The revolutionaries copied the methods of the Russian Nihilists and the Irish terrorists of assassinating unpopular officials. A beginning was made in 1897 when the Chapekar brothers killed two British officials at
  • a)
    Lucknow
  • b)
    Poona
  • c)
    Chittagong
  • d)
    Indore
Correct answer is option 'B'. Can you explain this answer?

UPSC Question

By Devasmita Kumar · Aug 08, 2020 ·UPSC
Ankit Kumar answered Aug 08, 2020
Correct Answer:- B (Poona)

On 22 June 1897, brothers Damodar Hari Chapekar and Balkrishna Hari Chapekar assassinated a British official Walter Charles Rand and his military escort Lieutenant Ayerst at Pune, Maharashtra. This was the first case of militant nationalism in India after the 1857 Revolt.

It was in 1896, Pune witnessed the Plague epidemic. It came to the city from Mumbai and by early 1897 it assumed the form of an epidemic.

The plague took a heavy toll on Pune’s populations. More than half of Pune’s population had fled to other areas to save them from this new danger. The Plague consumed about a large section of population when the colonial government decided to take some serious steps to curb the further spread of the disease. It formed a Special Committee on Plague and appointed W. A. Rand as its Commissioner.

Walter Charles Rand got into action and established hospitals, quarantine camps and measures like disinfecting the areas. But soon these steps led to more brutal actions that would hit at the dignity of the affected families. And this insult had ignited the fire of anger among the youths like Chapekar brothers.
In 1897, Chapekar brothers assassinated the W. A. Rand and his military Lieutenant Ayerst at Pune, Maharashtra.

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