Consider the following provisions regarding the Government of India Act, 1919:
1. Introduction of Dyarchy in Provinces
2. Subjects were divided into reserved subjects and transferred subjects.
3. The Viceroy’s executive council shall have three out of ten members to be Indian.
4. Bicameral legislature at the Centre.
Which of the above is true regarding the Act of 1919?
  • a)
    1, 2 and 3 only
  • b)
    2 and 3 only
  • c)
    2, 3 and 4 only
  • d)
    1, 2 and 4 only
Correct answer is option 'D'. Can you explain this answer?

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Answers

Man Singh Saini
Dec 21, 2020
Features of the Government of India Act, 1919:
  • Also known as the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms.
  • Separated Central and Provincial subjects. Provincial subjects were further divided into transferred subjects and reserved subjects. Transferred subjects were to be governed by the Governor with the aid of ministers of the legislative council and the reserved subjects by Governor with his executive council.
  • Introduced bicameralism and direct elections in the country. 
  • Provisioned for 3 out of 6 members of the Viceroy’s executive council were to be Indian.
  • Provided for separate electorates for Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians and Europeans also.
  • Granted franchise to a limited number of people based on property, tax or education.
  • Created new office of High Commissioner for India in London.
  • Provided for setting up a Central Service Commission for recruiting civil servants.
  • Separated provincial budgets from the Central budget and authorized the provincial legislatures to enact their budgets.

Features of the Government of India Act, 1919: Also known as the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms. Separated Central and Provincial subjects. Provincial subjects were further divided into transferred subjects and reserved subjects. Transferred subjects were to be governed by the Governor with the aid of ministers of the legislative council and the reserved subjects by Governor with his executive council. Introduced bicameralism and direct elections in the country. Provisioned for 3 out of 6 members of the Viceroy’s executive council were to be Indian. Provided for separate electorates for Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians and Europeans also. Granted franchise to a limited number of people based on property, tax or education. Created new office of High Commissioner for India in London. Provided for setting up a Central Service Commission for recruiting civil servants. Separated provincial budgets from the Central budget and authorized the provincial legislatures to enact their budgets.
Features of the Government of India Act, 1919: Also known as the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms. Separated Central and Provincial subjects. Provincial subjects were further divided into transferred subjects and reserved subjects. Transferred subjects were to be governed by the Governor with the aid of ministers of the legislative council and the reserved subjects by Governor with his executive council. Introduced bicameralism and direct elections in the country. Provisioned for 3 out of 6 members of the Viceroy’s executive council were to be Indian. Provided for separate electorates for Sikhs, Indian Christians, Anglo-Indians and Europeans also. Granted franchise to a limited number of people based on property, tax or education. Created new office of High Commissioner for India in London. Provided for setting up a Central Service Commission for recruiting civil servants. Separated provincial budgets from the Central budget and authorized the provincial legislatures to enact their budgets.